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Historic Sites in London

Tower of London, Jewel Tower, Tower Bridge,  Eltham Palace, Big Ben, Trafalgar Square, Buckingham Palace, Winchester Palace, The London Eye, St. Paul's Cathedral, Charles Dickens Museum, Baker Street, Westminster Abbey, The Shard and British Museum.

Home to art musings and historical monuments, London is an epitome of beauty and culture. The city is the capital of England and the United Kingdom. Tracing back its history back to Roman times, you’ll come across several historical landmarks in London.

Amidst the cosy historic streets in London, you’ll come across the Palace of Westminster, Tower of London, Big Ben, and whatnot. Apart from the historical places in London, the city is brimming with art and culture history. Victoria and Albert Museum and British Museum display some of the most iconic artworks and compositions.

From royal palaces to the historical towers, surreal cathedrals to the historical masterpieces around River Thames, from exquisite art galleries to cosy, old-school streets, you will never get enough of the historical landmarks of the London city. With so much to see and do, here’s a rundown of the must-see historical landmarks for your next London getaway!
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Historical Places in London

01

Tower of London

The royal fortress, Tower of London, is a historical edifice founded by William the Conqueror. It historically served as a royal palace, a political prison, a place of execution, an arsenal, a royal mint, a menagerie, and a public records office.

At this oldest historical monument of London, you’ll come across a whopping collection of 23578 crown jewels. If you want to learn about London’s history, there is no better place than Tower of London.

-Location – 
St Katherine’s and Wapping, London EC3N 4AB, United Kingdom.

-Timing – 
Opens around 9 am and closes by 5.30 pm.

-Price (If applicable) – Adults - 
£26, Kids - £12.90

02

Tower Bridge

Built with Victorian Gothic architectural style, Tower Bridge is one of the most historic landmarks of London. It is a movable bridge of the double-leaf bascule type and was designed by city architect Horace Jones in collaboration with John Wolfe Barry. The bridge is also embellished with LED lights to provide the feature and atmospheric lighting.

-Location – 
The Tower Bridge carries A100 Tower Bridge Road and crosses by River Thames.

-Timing – 
You can visit the Tower Bridge at any time. However, the bridge opens around 3 times a day and it hardly takes 5 minutes.

-Price (If applicable) – 
It’s free to walk across the bridge and notice the opening and closing.

03

Buckingham Palace

Counted amongst the list of phenomenal historical monuments of London, Buckingham Palace is the official residence of Her Majesty The Queen. Nestled in the Heart of London, the palace has enormous gardens, opulent Royal collection, picture galleries, etc. Also, tourists prefer to witness the Change of Guard event. While touring the palace, don’t forget to visit the exquisite Throne Room!

-Location – 
Buckingham Palace is situated in the City of Westminster in London.

-Timing – 
The palace opens around 9.30 am and closes by dusk.

-Price (If applicable) - Adult - 
£24, Child - £13.50.

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04

The London Eye

One of the best things to do in London is to ride the London Eye. Also known as the Millennium Wheel, the Ferris wheel is 443 ft high. You can hop on to ride the wheel which accommodates almost 28 people in a pod.

Each rotation takes about 30 minutes to complete so that you can capture different angles of London. Also, these pods are equipped with a touch screen which helps in finding historical monuments of London from the air.

-Location – 
The London Eye is situated on the South Bank of the Thames, opposite the Houses of Parliament in London.

-Timing – Mon-Fri – 
10 am to 6 pm, Sat-Sun – 10 am to 8.30 pm.

-Price (If applicable) – Adult - 
£40, Child - £34.

05

St. Paul's Cathedral

Yet another marvel of historical landmarks in London, St. Paul’s Cathedral is an iconic part of London’s history. The cathedral has lived through three centuries and is the seat of the Bishop of London and the mother church of the Diocese of London.

Also, the dome of this cathedral is known as the second largest in the world. You can also climb up the 528 stairs to the Golden Gallery and get a 360-degree view of the city.

-Location – 
St. Paul’s Churchyard on Ludgate Hill.

-Timing – 
8.30 am to 4 pm. It remains closed on Sundays.

-Price (If applicable)
£18 - adults, £16 - students and seniors, and £8 - children.

06

Westminster Abbey

The World Heritage Site of London, Westminster Abbey is a royal church tucked amidst the centre of London. One of the most important historical places in London, this religious building played a significant role in British political, social, and cultural affairs. This place is also known as the traditional place of coronation and burial site for English and British monarchs.

-Location
20 Deans Yd, Westminster, London SW1P 3PA, United Kingdom.

-Timing
9.30 am to 3.30 pm, except on Wednesdays - open till 6 pm and closed on Sundays.

-Price (If applicable)
$27.55 per person.

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07

The Shard

If you wish to witness the breathtaking skyline of London, there is no better place than the Shard. This 95-storey skyscraper was designed by the Italian architect Renzo Piano. The Shard provides space for several amenities like 25 floors for office, 3 floors for the restaurant, 17 floors for the hotel, 13 floors for apartments, and much more. Also, don’t forget to visit the open-air viewing floor on level 72.

-Location – 
32 London Bridge St, London SE1 9SG, United Kingdom.

-Timing – 
10 am to 10 pm during April-October and 10 am to 7 pm during Sunday-Wednesday.

08

Kensington Palace

Amongst the iconic historical places of London, Kensington Palace stands out as a royal residence. Set in Kensington Gardens, the palace has been home of the British Royal Family since the 17th century. Currently, it is the official London residence of the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge and the State Rooms are open to the public. Also, you’ll spot some paintings and artefacts from the Royal Collection.

-Location – 
Kensington Palace is situated in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea in London.

-Timing – 
The palace opens around 10 am and closes by 6 pm.

-Price (If applicable)
Adult: £15.30; Child: £7.60.

09

Churchill War Rooms & Museum

Tucked amidst the historic streets in London is the imperial Churchill War Rooms. Falling under the five branches of the Imperial War Room, this place served as a command centre for the British government during the Second World War. The museum will take you on a journey to explore Churchill’s life along with audiovisual technology. In 2006, the Churchill Museum won the Council of Europe Museum price.

-Location – 
The Churchill War Rooms is located in the Clive Steps of King Charles St in London.

-Timing – 
The Museum opens around 9.30 am and closes by 6 pm.

-Price (If applicable) – Adult - 
£23, Child - £11.50.

10

Big Ben

One of the most famous historical monuments of London, Big Ben is the pride of the city. Built with a neo-Gothic style, the tower was designed by Augustus Pugin.

Originally, the tower was known as the Clock Tower but was renamed as Elizabeth Tower as an honour to mark the Diamond Jubilee of Elizabeth II on the British throne in 2012. Big Ben is considered as the symbol of the oldest democracy in the world.

-Location – 
The Big Ben is situated in the north end of the Houses of Parliament in the Palace of Westminster in London.

-Timing – 9.15 am to 4.30 pm.

11

Jewel Tower

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Yet another surviving element of the Palace of Westminster, Jewel Tower is a 14th-century architectural masterpiece. Constructed in 1365-66, the monument was also known as the King’s Privy Wardrobe or Jewel House. Now, this place holds delicate historical artefacts like Iron Age sword, English Romanesque sculpture, etc.

-Location – 
It is located at Abingdon St, Westminster London SW1P 3JX, United Kingdom.

-Timing – 
The Jewel Tower opens around 10 am and closes by 4 pm.

-Price (If applicable) – Adult - 
£5.70, Child - £3.40.

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12

Eltham Palace

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Former royal residence of the Crown Estate, Eltham Palace is a masterpiece of modern design.  Designed by the Swedish designer Rolf Engstromer, the Eltham has an Art Deco style. This place holds memories of a childhood home to King Henry VIII. In the palace, you’ll come across lavishly built dining rooms, drawing rooms, Virginia Courtauld’s circular bedroom, and much more.

-Location – 
The palace is situated in Eltham in the Royal Borough of Greenwich in south-east London.

-Timing – 
The Eltham palace opens around 10 am and closes by 4 pm. It remains closed on Saturdays.

-Price (If applicable) – Adult - 
£15.40, Child - £9.20

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13

Trafalgar Square

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Named after Lord Nelson’s naval victory, Trafalgar Square is a public square around the Charing Cross. London’s largest and most prominent square is bordered by the National Gallery and the Church of St. Martin-in-the-Fields.

Today, Lord Horatio Nelson’s statue stands atop a column in the square. Trafalgar Square is also famed for various traditions like political rallies, carolling around a large Christmas tree, and a vibrant New Year’s Eve celebration. From here, you can easily access the National Gallery, stand by serene fountains, or feed the pigeons.

-Location – 
Trafalgar Square can be found at Charing Cross at London WC2N 5DN.

-Timing –
10 am.

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14

Winchester Palace

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Enveloped amidst the historic streets of London, Winchester Palace is a 12th-century palace. It was one of the most important palaces in medieval England, and, earlier, it served as the London residence of the Bishops of Winchester.

Winchester palace dates back over 700 years which was once developed with a great hall accompanied with adjoining buttery, kitchen, and pantry. Keep your eyes peeled for the most striking feature of the palace, the rose window on the top of the west gable.

-Location – 
Winchester Palace, Pickfords Wharf, in the parish of Southwark in Surrey on the south bank of River Thames, London SE1 9DN.

-Timing – 
Open 24 hours.

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15

Charles Dickens Museum

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Visit the world’s greatest storytellers’ home, the London home of Charles Dickens. Dating back to the 19th century, this home turned museum strongly resembles Dickens’ presence. This is the place where the author wrote Oliver Twist, The Pickwick Papers, and Nicholas Nickleby.

The museum houses a basement kitchen, Dicken’s chair, and an unfinished portrait of Charles Dickens known as Dickens Dream. Here, you can examine photographs and other items left by the renowned author.

-Location – 
48-49 Doughty St of Holborn in London.

-Timing – 
10 am to 4 pm. It remains closed on Mondays.

-Price (If applicable)
£4 - £10.

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16

Baker Street

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One of the most famed historic streets in London, Baker Street is a hub of iconic things. The street is particularly famous for its connection to the fictional detective Sherlock Holmes. But apart from it, you can spot the cosy and aesthetic bookshop, Daunt’s Books, or cherish the Swedish meals at the Harcourt.

If you want to sip on vintage Whiskeys, Cadenheads Whisky Shop and Tasting Room is your go to spot! This place sells whiskeys and rums from all over the world, like France, Japan and India. Also, St James’s Roman Catholic Church is another attraction of the street.

-Location
 Marylebone district, Westminster, London.

-Timing – 
Any time.

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17

British Museum

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There is no dearth of historical places in London when it comes to the British Museum. A heaven for art enthusiasts, British museum is dedicated to human history, art, and culture.

These departments are classified according to various continents, artworks, and historical artefacts. It stores a collection of some eight million works. Found in 1753, the British Museum is also considered as the oldest national public museum in the world.

-Location – 
Great Russell Street, Bloomsbury, London WC1B 3DG.

-Timing – 
10 am to 5.30 pm except for Fridays when it closes by 8.30 pm.

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18

Albert Memorial

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Built in the Gothic Revival style, the Albert Memorial is one of the high-Victorian historical places in London. The memorial commemorates the death of Prince Albert, Queen Victoria’s husband. The Parnassus frieze boasts of intricate architectural details of celebrated painters, poets, sculptors, musicians, and architects.

-Location – 
The Albert Memorial is located in the Kensington Gardens of London.

-Timing – 
The memorial opens around 6 am and closes by 9 pm.

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19

Southwark Cathedral

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One of the most unique historical places in London, Southwark Cathedral houses two cathedrals, Anglican and Catholic. The official name of the cathedral is Cathedral Church of St Saviour and St Mary Overie.

The cathedral houses a monument of William Shakespeare as a tribute in the south aisle, whereas, the north aisle is home to John Gower’s tomb, a fourteenth-century poet. The cathedral has been a place of worship for more than a thousand years.

-Location – 
London Bridge, London SE1 9DA, United Kingdom. 

-Timing – 
8 am to 6 pm on weekdays and 8.30 am on weekends.

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20

London Wall

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Scattered throughout the historical places in London are ancient remnants of the city’s former bordering wall, the London Wall. It was built by the Romans and was maintained until the 18th century. In earlier times, the wall was 4 km long and enclosed an area of almost 330 acres.

Surrounded by the exquisite historical places in London, the London wall is tucked amidst the towering apartments and buildings. You can visit this place by clicking old school photographs and learning about the history of this place.

-Location – 
Tower Hill, St Katharine’s & Wapping, London EC3N 4DR.

-Timing – 
Open 24 hours.

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21

The Brunel Museum

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Hidden away from the hustling of London, the Brunel Museum holds a different side of the city. Earlier, it served as an urban marketplace and hidden spot for thieves. But in 2016, the Brunel Museum was introduced as an exhibition space accompanied by a café and rooftop garden. The place is modified with new coats of paint and twinkling fairy lights.

-Location – 
Brunel Museum can be found at the Railway Ave, Rotherhithe in London.

-Timing – Mon-Fri – 
12 pm-4 pm, Sat-Sun – 10 am-5 pm.

-Price (If applicable) – Adults - 
£16.50, Child - £9.50

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22

National Gallery

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Among the historic landmarks of London, the National Gallery stands out as a hub of European art. This place houses a whopping collection of over 2300 paintings which traces the stories from the mid-13th century to 1900.

The core of the National Gallery is the 15th and 16th-century Italian paintings like the Baptism of Christ, Ansidei Madonna, etc. Apart from these trends, the paintings are divided according to their foundation like early 20th century, World War II, or Post-war developments.

-Location – 
Trafalgar Square, Charing Cross in London WC2N 5DN.

-Timing
10 am to 6 pm, except Fridays when it closes by 9 pm.

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23

Victoria & Albert Museum

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Victoria and Albert Museum is one of the gems from the historical places in London. It is the largest museum housing applied and decorative arts and design. The museum has a collection of over 2.27 million objects showcasing the work of Paul Sandby, Robert Priseman, John Martin, etc. The museum is named after Queen Victoria and Prince Albert.

-Location
Cromwell Road in Knightsbridge in London.

-Timing – 
The museum opens around 10 am and closes by 5.45 pm, except Fridays when it closes at 10 pm.

-Price (If applicable) – 
It is free of charge to visit the Victoria and Albert Museum.

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24

Shakespeare's Globe Theatre

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When visiting the historical places in London, don’t forget to visit the world-renowned Shakespeare’s Globe Theatre. This place is a hub of performing arts and is a major cultural attraction in London. The theatre organizes performances of Romeo and Juliet, Twelfth night, Much Ado About Nothing, etc.

These plays take place every day and are scheduled according to the vacant slot. You can book the ticket in advance to avoid long queues or you can take a ticket at that moment too.

-Location
 Shakespeare’s Globe Theatre is situated on the Southbank of the River Thames in Southwark in London.

-Timing – 
The theatre opens around 9 am and closes by 5.30 pm.

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25

Highgate Cemetery

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Highgate Cemetery is a burial place in north London. The cemetery is famed for burying Royal Academicians, Lord Mayors of London, Royal Society, and famous occupants like George Michael, Punk revolutionary Malcolm McLaren, artist Anna Mahler, Douglas Adams, writer George Eliot, and philosopher Karl Max.

The cemetery holds approximately 170000 buried people and has 53000 graves. Guided tours are also organised to examine the graves of popular poets, artists, and musicians. 

-Location – 
Swain’s Ln, Highgate, London N6 6PJ, United Kingdom.

-Timing – 
10 am to 5 pm.

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Places To Visit In London
03 February 2020
Excellent
Not an experience that you get to have every day. From all the places I visited in London on my tour, this had a distinct feel to it. I didn't expect a lot of tourists there but to my surprise, I found there was a great line for ticket booking. The entire museum had a very offbeat feel to it. It really made me feel like I was in a war room preparing for some kind of a battle.
18 November 2019
Excellent
Even though the building looks a little ancient the overall feel of the place is very futuristic. It is not something that we get to see everyday. The kids are also going to love it. A good place to learn and have some fun! Must visit.
09 January 2020
Excellent
Always wonder where the word GMT came from. Haha! My trip to the Royal Observatory in Greenwich was extraordinary. I got to discover a lot and it was an insightful tour. The tickets I got were from Thrillophilia. I did a lot of cool stuff like standing right on the meridian line and also took a lot of photos with my friends. Overall, a blissful experience providing a rich learning opportunity to people like me. I would definitely want every holidaymaker to visit this place.
12 September 2019
Excellent
The best way I can describe my entire experience starting with getting my tickets from Thrillophilia to touring around St. Paul's Cathedral would be to the day that it was simply amazing. The place was so quiet and soothing, it was the kind of thing I wanted towards the end of my first-day tour in London. A side note, Just make sure you have a valid ID proof along with the tickets, it is important.
12 February 2020
Excellent
I had a great time at St. Paul's Cathedral. The experience was sublime and I loved every bit of it. The place was amazing and we got a chance to just relax and enjoy some peace in the Cathedral. It is a definite recommendation from my end to every tourist visiting London. Trust me, advance booking your tickets take a load off of you.
13 February 2020
Excellent
My visit to the Imperial War Museum was insightful and really inspiring. I got to see a ton of war artilleries from the time of World War. Upon entering it will take you some time but the place will really grow on you. I must say that the guide was also thorough about the entire place.
16 December 2019
Superb
Kensington Palace is very grand and beautiful. The palace also carries a rich history that we learned a lot about from the people there. If you are interested in architecture and history then visit as I got bored after sometime.
22 October 2019
Excellent
It is a royal palace with a distinct architectural design that is really beautiful for the visitors. I really admired the entire ambiance of the place and the tour was just perfect. I strongly recommend everyone to visit the place on their tour to London.
09 December 2019
Superb
I got a chance to relax and me and my parents just sat in the garden and admired it's beauty. We spent around 30 minutes there walking around. Overall, it was nice experience but nothing special.
17 November 2019
Excellent
The Kew Gardens was the perfect addition to my overall London trip. Upon reaching I visited the place towards the evening and I must tell you what a relaxing feeling it was. It was great sitting amidst the raw nature and enjoying some time in peace. We also took a lot of pictures and overall, we enjoyed the place very much.

People Also Ask About London

  1. What are the famous palaces in London?

    1. Buckingham Palace - Buckingham Palace tops the list of the remarkable historical monuments of London. It is the official home of Her Majesty, the Queen of England. It is also surrounded by magnificent and beautiful gardens. The tourists often visit the place for its exquisite Throne Room. 

    2. Kensington Palace - Kensington Palace is a unique royal residence and one of the most significant historical places in London. Currently the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge reside in this lavish property and the State Rooms are open to the public. 

    3. Eltham Palace - Eltham Palace was formerly the royal residence of the Crown Estate. It is a masterpiece of architecture designed by Swedish designer Rolf Engstromer. The palace consists of lavish dining rooms, huge kitchens and vintage circular bedrooms. 

    4. Winchester Palace - Globally renowned for its rose window on the top of the west gable, Winchester Palace is located in the middle of the ancient and historic streets of London. It belongs to the 12th century and is one of the most prominent places in Medieval England. You can visit it anytime you want as it is open 24 hours every day.

  2. What are the best historical places to visit in London with your family?

    1. St. Paul’s Cathedral - Located on Ludgate Hill, St. Paul’s Cathedral is an iconic landmark of London. The cathedral has been standing strong for more than 3 centuries in the country and is the second largest church in the world. You can also climb up to the top of the Golden Gallery and get a panoramic view of the city. 

    2. Westminster Abbey - Westminster Abbey is a royal church and a world heritage site of London. It is one of the most frequently visited tourist attractions in London and has played a major role in British social and political affairs. Westminster Abbey is also the traditional place for burial and coronation of the deceased British monarchs. 

    3. Big Ben - Needless to say, Big Ben is one of the most famous and historic places in London. The tower was designed by Augustus Pugin and is the pride of the city. Originally, it was built as a clock tower but was renamed as Elizabeth tower in 2012. It is also considered as the emblem of the oldest democracy in the world. 

    4. Churchill War Rooms & Museum - Churchill War Rooms & Museum comes under the five branches of the famous Imperial War room. It is considered to be one of the most prominent historic sites of London. The museum opens around 9:30 in the morning and stays open till 6 in the evening. It will take you on a journey of British’s government‘s command during the Second World War.

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