Historical Places in London
Tower of London
The royal fortress, Tower of London, is a historical edifice founded by William the Conqueror. It historically served as a royal palace, a political prison, a place of execution, an arsenal, a royal mint, a menagerie, and a public records office.
At this oldest historical monument of London, you’ll come across a whopping collection of 23578 crown jewels. If you want to learn about London’s history, there is no better place than Tower of London.
-Location – St Katherine’s and Wapping, London EC3N 4AB, United Kingdom.
-Timing – Opens around 9 am and closes by 5.30 pm.
-Price (If applicable) – Adults - £26, Kids - £12.90
Built with Victorian Gothic architectural style, Tower Bridge is one of the most historic landmarks of London. It is a movable bridge of the double-leaf bascule type and was designed by city architect Horace Jones in collaboration with John Wolfe Barry. The bridge is also embellished with LED lights to provide the feature and atmospheric lighting.
-Location – The Tower Bridge carries A100 Tower Bridge Road and crosses by River Thames.
-Timing – You can visit the Tower Bridge at any time. However, the bridge opens around 3 times a day and it hardly takes 5 minutes.
-Price (If applicable) – It’s free to walk across the bridge and notice the opening and closing.
Counted amongst the list of phenomenal historical monuments of London, Buckingham Palace is the official residence of Her Majesty The Queen. Nestled in the Heart of London, the palace has enormous gardens, opulent Royal collection, picture galleries, etc. Also, tourists prefer to witness the Change of Guard event. While touring the palace, don’t forget to visit the exquisite Throne Room!
-Location – Buckingham Palace is situated in the City of Westminster in London.
-Timing – The palace opens around 9.30 am and closes by dusk.
-Price (If applicable) - Adult - £24, Child - £13.50.
The London Eye
One of the best things to do in London is to ride the London Eye. Also known as the Millennium Wheel, the Ferris wheel is 443 ft high. You can hop on to ride the wheel which accommodates almost 28 people in a pod.
Each rotation takes about 30 minutes to complete so that you can capture different angles of London. Also, these pods are equipped with a touch screen which helps in finding historical monuments of London from the air.
-Location – The London Eye is situated on the South Bank of the Thames, opposite the Houses of Parliament in London.
-Timing – Mon-Fri – 10 am to 6 pm, Sat-Sun – 10 am to 8.30 pm.
-Price (If applicable) – Adult - £40, Child - £34.
St. Paul's Cathedral
Yet another marvel of historical landmarks in London, St. Paul’s Cathedral is an iconic part of London’s history. The cathedral has lived through three centuries and is the seat of the Bishop of London and the mother church of the Diocese of London.
Also, the dome of this cathedral is known as the second largest in the world. You can also climb up the 528 stairs to the Golden Gallery and get a 360-degree view of the city.
-Location – St. Paul’s Churchyard on Ludgate Hill.
-Timing – 8.30 am to 4 pm. It remains closed on Sundays.
-Price (If applicable) - £18 - adults, £16 - students and seniors, and £8 - children.
The World Heritage Site of London, Westminster Abbey is a royal church tucked amidst the centre of London. One of the most important historical places in London, this religious building played a significant role in British political, social, and cultural affairs. This place is also known as the traditional place of coronation and burial site for English and British monarchs.
-Location –20 Deans Yd, Westminster, London SW1P 3PA, United Kingdom.
-Timing – 9.30 am to 3.30 pm, except on Wednesdays - open till 6 pm and closed on Sundays.
-Price (If applicable) - $27.55 per person.
If you wish to witness the breathtaking skyline of London, there is no better place than the Shard. This 95-storey skyscraper was designed by the Italian architect Renzo Piano. The Shard provides space for several amenities like 25 floors for office, 3 floors for the restaurant, 17 floors for the hotel, 13 floors for apartments, and much more. Also, don’t forget to visit the open-air viewing floor on level 72.
-Location – 32 London Bridge St, London SE1 9SG, United Kingdom.
-Timing – 10 am to 10 pm during April-October and 10 am to 7 pm during Sunday-Wednesday.
Amongst the iconic historical places of London, Kensington Palace stands out as a royal residence. Set in Kensington Gardens, the palace has been home of the British Royal Family since the 17th century. Currently, it is the official London residence of the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge and the State Rooms are open to the public. Also, you’ll spot some paintings and artefacts from the Royal Collection.
-Location – Kensington Palace is situated in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea in London.
-Timing – The palace opens around 10 am and closes by 6 pm.
-Price (If applicable) - Adult: £15.30; Child: £7.60.
Churchill War Rooms & Museum
Tucked amidst the historic streets in London is the imperial Churchill War Rooms. Falling under the five branches of the Imperial War Room, this place served as a command centre for the British government during the Second World War. The museum will take you on a journey to explore Churchill’s life along with audiovisual technology. In 2006, the Churchill Museum won the Council of Europe Museum price.
-Location – The Churchill War Rooms is located in the Clive Steps of King Charles St in London.
-Timing – The Museum opens around 9.30 am and closes by 6 pm.
-Price (If applicable) – Adult - £23, Child - £11.50.
One of the most famous historical monuments of London, Big Ben is the pride of the city. Built with a neo-Gothic style, the tower was designed by Augustus Pugin.
Originally, the tower was known as the Clock Tower but was renamed as Elizabeth Tower as an honour to mark the Diamond Jubilee of Elizabeth II on the British throne in 2012. Big Ben is considered as the symbol of the oldest democracy in the world.
-Location – The Big Ben is situated in the north end of the Houses of Parliament in the Palace of Westminster in London.
-Timing – 9.15 am to 4.30 pm.
Yet another surviving element of the Palace of Westminster, Jewel Tower is a 14th-century architectural masterpiece. Constructed in 1365-66, the monument was also known as the King’s Privy Wardrobe or Jewel House. Now, this place holds delicate historical artefacts like Iron Age sword, English Romanesque sculpture, etc.
-Location – It is located at Abingdon St, Westminster London SW1P 3JX, United Kingdom.
-Timing – The Jewel Tower opens around 10 am and closes by 4 pm.
-Price (If applicable) – Adult - £5.70, Child - £3.40.
Former royal residence of the Crown Estate, Eltham Palace is a masterpiece of modern design. Designed by the Swedish designer Rolf Engstromer, the Eltham has an Art Deco style. This place holds memories of a childhood home to King Henry VIII. In the palace, you’ll come across lavishly built dining rooms, drawing rooms, Virginia Courtauld’s circular bedroom, and much more.
-Location – The palace is situated in Eltham in the Royal Borough of Greenwich in south-east London.
-Timing – The Eltham palace opens around 10 am and closes by 4 pm. It remains closed on Saturdays.
-Price (If applicable) – Adult - £15.40, Child - £9.20
Named after Lord Nelson’s naval victory, Trafalgar Square is a public square around the Charing Cross. London’s largest and most prominent square is bordered by the National Gallery and the Church of St. Martin-in-the-Fields.
Today, Lord Horatio Nelson’s statue stands atop a column in the square. Trafalgar Square is also famed for various traditions like political rallies, carolling around a large Christmas tree, and a vibrant New Year’s Eve celebration. From here, you can easily access the National Gallery, stand by serene fountains, or feed the pigeons.
-Location – Trafalgar Square can be found at Charing Cross at London WC2N 5DN.
-Timing – 10 am.
Enveloped amidst the historic streets of London, Winchester Palace is a 12th-century palace. It was one of the most important palaces in medieval England, and, earlier, it served as the London residence of the Bishops of Winchester.
Winchester palace dates back over 700 years which was once developed with a great hall accompanied with adjoining buttery, kitchen, and pantry. Keep your eyes peeled for the most striking feature of the palace, the rose window on the top of the west gable.
-Location – Winchester Palace, Pickfords Wharf, in the parish of Southwark in Surrey on the south bank of River Thames, London SE1 9DN.
-Timing – Open 24 hours.
Charles Dickens Museum
Visit the world’s greatest storytellers’ home, the London home of Charles Dickens. Dating back to the 19th century, this home turned museum strongly resembles Dickens’ presence. This is the place where the author wrote Oliver Twist, The Pickwick Papers, and Nicholas Nickleby.
The museum houses a basement kitchen, Dicken’s chair, and an unfinished portrait of Charles Dickens known as Dickens Dream. Here, you can examine photographs and other items left by the renowned author.
-Location – 48-49 Doughty St of Holborn in London.
-Timing – 10 am to 4 pm. It remains closed on Mondays.
-Price (If applicable) - £4 - £10.
One of the most famed historic streets in London, Baker Street is a hub of iconic things. The street is particularly famous for its connection to the fictional detective Sherlock Holmes. But apart from it, you can spot the cosy and aesthetic bookshop, Daunt’s Books, or cherish the Swedish meals at the Harcourt.
If you want to sip on vintage Whiskeys, Cadenheads Whisky Shop and Tasting Room is your go to spot! This place sells whiskeys and rums from all over the world, like France, Japan and India. Also, St James’s Roman Catholic Church is another attraction of the street.
-Location – Marylebone district, Westminster, London.
-Timing – Any time.
There is no dearth of historical places in London when it comes to the British Museum. A heaven for art enthusiasts, British museum is dedicated to human history, art, and culture.
These departments are classified according to various continents, artworks, and historical artefacts. It stores a collection of some eight million works. Found in 1753, the British Museum is also considered as the oldest national public museum in the world.
-Location – Great Russell Street, Bloomsbury, London WC1B 3DG.
-Timing – 10 am to 5.30 pm except for Fridays when it closes by 8.30 pm.
Built in the Gothic Revival style, the Albert Memorial is one of the high-Victorian historical places in London. The memorial commemorates the death of Prince Albert, Queen Victoria’s husband. The Parnassus frieze boasts of intricate architectural details of celebrated painters, poets, sculptors, musicians, and architects.
-Location – The Albert Memorial is located in the Kensington Gardens of London.
-Timing – The memorial opens around 6 am and closes by 9 pm.
One of the most unique historical places in London, Southwark Cathedral houses two cathedrals, Anglican and Catholic. The official name of the cathedral is Cathedral Church of St Saviour and St Mary Overie.
The cathedral houses a monument of William Shakespeare as a tribute in the south aisle, whereas, the north aisle is home to John Gower’s tomb, a fourteenth-century poet. The cathedral has been a place of worship for more than a thousand years.
-Location – London Bridge, London SE1 9DA, United Kingdom.
-Timing – 8 am to 6 pm on weekdays and 8.30 am on weekends.
Scattered throughout the historical places in London are ancient remnants of the city’s former bordering wall, the London Wall. It was built by the Romans and was maintained until the 18th century. In earlier times, the wall was 4 km long and enclosed an area of almost 330 acres.
Surrounded by the exquisite historical places in London, the London wall is tucked amidst the towering apartments and buildings. You can visit this place by clicking old school photographs and learning about the history of this place.
-Location – Tower Hill, St Katharine’s & Wapping, London EC3N 4DR.
-Timing – Open 24 hours.
The Brunel Museum
Hidden away from the hustling of London, the Brunel Museum holds a different side of the city. Earlier, it served as an urban marketplace and hidden spot for thieves. But in 2016, the Brunel Museum was introduced as an exhibition space accompanied by a café and rooftop garden. The place is modified with new coats of paint and twinkling fairy lights.
-Location – Brunel Museum can be found at the Railway Ave, Rotherhithe in London.
-Timing – Mon-Fri – 12 pm-4 pm, Sat-Sun – 10 am-5 pm.
-Price (If applicable) – Adults - £16.50, Child - £9.50
Among the historic landmarks of London, the National Gallery stands out as a hub of European art. This place houses a whopping collection of over 2300 paintings which traces the stories from the mid-13th century to 1900.
The core of the National Gallery is the 15th and 16th-century Italian paintings like the Baptism of Christ, Ansidei Madonna, etc. Apart from these trends, the paintings are divided according to their foundation like early 20th century, World War II, or Post-war developments.
-Location – Trafalgar Square, Charing Cross in London WC2N 5DN.
-Timing – 10 am to 6 pm, except Fridays when it closes by 9 pm.
Victoria & Albert Museum
Victoria and Albert Museum is one of the gems from the historical places in London. It is the largest museum housing applied and decorative arts and design. The museum has a collection of over 2.27 million objects showcasing the work of Paul Sandby, Robert Priseman, John Martin, etc. The museum is named after Queen Victoria and Prince Albert.
-Location – Cromwell Road in Knightsbridge in London.
-Timing – The museum opens around 10 am and closes by 5.45 pm, except Fridays when it closes at 10 pm.
-Price (If applicable) – It is free of charge to visit the Victoria and Albert Museum.
Shakespeare's Globe Theatre
When visiting the historical places in London, don’t forget to visit the world-renowned Shakespeare’s Globe Theatre. This place is a hub of performing arts and is a major cultural attraction in London. The theatre organizes performances of Romeo and Juliet, Twelfth night, Much Ado About Nothing, etc.
These plays take place every day and are scheduled according to the vacant slot. You can book the ticket in advance to avoid long queues or you can take a ticket at that moment too.
-Location – Shakespeare’s Globe Theatre is situated on the Southbank of the River Thames in Southwark in London.
-Timing – The theatre opens around 9 am and closes by 5.30 pm.
Highgate Cemetery is a burial place in north London. The cemetery is famed for burying Royal Academicians, Lord Mayors of London, Royal Society, and famous occupants like George Michael, Punk revolutionary Malcolm McLaren, artist Anna Mahler, Douglas Adams, writer George Eliot, and philosopher Karl Max.
The cemetery holds approximately 170000 buried people and has 53000 graves. Guided tours are also organised to examine the graves of popular poets, artists, and musicians.
-Location – Swain’s Ln, Highgate, London N6 6PJ, United Kingdom.
-Timing – 10 am to 5 pm.