15 Places to Visit in Switzerland in October: 2022 Updated
1608633488 shutterstock 538363867.jpg
Best Selling Switzerland Honeymoon Packages
1627557822 download   2021 07 29t165318.419.png
Top Selling Switzerland Tours | Save Upto 35% Off

Tourist Places to Visit in Switzerland in October

Rhine Falls, Lugano, Grindelwald, Matterhorn, Zermatt, St.Gallen, Interlaken, Mount Rigi, Mount Titlis, Jungfraujoch, Schilthorn, Mount Pilatus, Lake Thun and many more.

Loaded with attractions and entertainment and holding huge grandeur and glamour,
Places to visit in Switzerland in October are surely worth a try. This landlocked country is for anyone who is looking for a place where one can enjoy the shades of green while exploring some extreme places having storybook charm.

Visiting this scenic delight in October offers you a chance to admire the surrounding in a better way. Around this time, the leaves start to change their colour, thus revealing the true beauty of the scenery. While Matterhorn challenges the most experienced rock climbers as the high winds start, Piz Gloria on the other place offers fingerlicking, lip smacking food as well as panoramic views of beauty underneath.

Visiting Switzerland is not only a treat to eyes, but also a satisfying outing for the soul as the places like St. Peter Church and The Church of Our Lady offer the required solace and Spiritual vibes. The mesmerising architecture of Montreux and the lush green forests of Bern have attracted millions of tourists from all over the world. Places to go in Switzerland in October become as beautiful as ever and provide scenic vistas. So pack your bags, and get ready to visit the significant landmarks of the beautiful country of Switzerland.

Places to visit in Switzerland in October

No trip to Switzerland is complete without paying a visit to Europe's biggest waterfall, the Rheinfall. Located right on the border between Switzerland and Germany, it is often called the Niagra Falls of Europe. Formed more than 15,000 years ago due to certain tectonic shifts, the falls have now gained popularity among those visiting Switzerland. 

Hundreds flock to the falls each summer when the increased water inflow creates mesmerizing cascades that the visitors can enjoy from up close. Right in the middle of this magnificent waterfall stands a sturdy rock that has withstood the test of time. 

You can choose to either take a boat ride along the Rhine river till the rock formation or simply marvel at their magesticity from the numerous trails and the viewing platforms constructed for this very purpose. One such popular lookout is the Känzeli viewing platform, from where you can take in the beauty of the falls and sometimes even feel the fresh spray on your face. 

The fact that it is very accessible adds to its popularity. Situated between the villages of Neuhausen am Rheinfall and Laufen-Uhwiesen/Dachien, the Rheinfall sees thousands of visitors each year. It stands at a breath of 150 meters, with the water falling at a rate of 23 meters per second.

Read more


Lugano, the Italian speaking part of Switzerland, offers multiple sites like beautiful quasi-Mediterranian scenery and view of Lake Lugano. Being one of the places to visit in Switzerland in October, Lugano is famous for its exclusive shops and ancient architecture. This town fades into multiple waterfront communities which are said to be established back in the stone age.

Passing the lazy afternoons in its many gardens placed on the foot of the mountain Monte Bre is common here. October, being the autumn season, makes it warm enough to stay on the lake when the soft sun rays light up the alleys.

Activities to do

Hiking, cruising the lake, shopping, Monte bre hiking trail, visiting museums and sights of palm trees.
Read more


Settled on the falling side of Lutschental valley, Grindelwald is surrounded by lavish green gullies and high mountains. Over the past few years, the town has gained popularity but has managed to remain as authentic as it used to be. Winters in Grindelwald start around the mid of October, making it a perfect snowy spot for various winter sports.

One of the top things to do in Grindelwald is to visit Jungfraujoch which has an ice palace known as “Frozen Wonderland”. Jungfraujoch also has 3 ski areas: Kleine Scheidegg-Männlichen, Bod Mirena and Grindelwald First.

Activities to do:

Skiing, visiting frozen wonderland(ice palace), sledging and cliff edge walk at Jungfraujoch.
Read more


Fall or Autumn is an excellent season to visit Matterhorn which is the most perceptible peak in Switzerland. This peak offers the ultimate challenge for the most experienced rock climbers, making it one of the best places to go to Switzerland in October. Matterhorn also has several hiking trails, ski parlours and some resorts which only operate in the winters. A visit to Matterhorn and experiencing the peak is totally worth it.

Activities to do:

Rock climbing, ride a cable car to the summit, eat out at various resorts with a view of Matterhorn.


This charming alpine village lies at the foot of one of the most mystical and majestic mountains of Switzerland- The Matterhorn. Zermatt.One of the most impressive places to visit in Switzerland, Zermatt is famous for its rugged untouched beauty that’s so peaceful and calm that it will take you away from all your worldly problems. This is mostly because Zermatt is a car-free village and its beauty can be savoured leisurely on foot, horse-driven carriages, electric cars, and gondolas. 

In the old village area, there are as many as 30 ancient buildings including granaries that depict the traditional way of living of mountain communities. This area also has a beautiful ancient church, Mountaineer’s cemetery, and a museum dedicated to mountaineering. The village streets are dotted with cafes with flower-lined walls in typical Swiss style. It is an amazing experience as you tuck into delicate pastries, cheese, and coffee while looking onto the Matterhorn, looming just miles away. 

Travellers from all over the world visit Gornergrat, the sun-drenched observation deck that offers one of the finest views of over 38 thirteen-thousanders and 14 glaciers including Monte Rosa, Matterhorn, and the Gorner Glacier. The ride to this deck, in a glass cable car, is as exciting as the destination itself. This is where Europe’s highest hotel, the Kulmhotel Gornergrat, is located. No visit to Zermatt is complete without venturing into the breathtaking mountainside. Zermatt is one of the few places in Switzerland where you can get up close with wild Ibex and visit a village consisting entirely of igloos. This is the place where you can get direct access to miles of pristine skiing pistes and paragliding points. Zermatt is also one of the places that offer unforgettable dining experiences.

Whether it is authentic Swiss mountainside cuisine in rustic cafes, or award-winning restaurants serving hearty meals with the most exquisite of ingredients, or having a meal in a sky-high gondola ride while enjoying the sunrise or the moonlight, the choices here are endless. Zermatt, due to its location, enjoys extremely pleasant weather throughout the year. In summers, the days are cloudy and the temperatures average at around 22°C. The winters are long and harsh, with snowfall almost daily. 

Read more


St. Gallen

St. Gallen is one of the best places where you can plan a tour with your friends and family in the month of October. This place has almost everything, from wildlife park to the fashion hub and even chocolate factories where you can make your own chocolates. 

The abbey of St. Gallen, a significant landmark in the town, has been added to UNESCO world heritage list in 1983. The mind-blowing architecture of this building represents the most crucial period, starting with the high middle ages. Being full of attraction and entertainment, the city of St. Gallen is one of the beautiful places to visit in Switzerland in October.

Activities to do:

Visit wildlife park, vineyards, abbey library and buy chocolates from a famous chocolate factory.
Read more
Sightseeing Tours Explore All (27)
Explore All (27)
Mountain peaks surround the stunning landscape of Lucerne, amongst them is the most popular the "queen of the mountains," Mount Rigi. It sits atop three lakes, namely, Zug, Lucerne, and Lauerz. At the height of 1797.5, the panoramic views of the Swiss town are enchanting.

You can take a cog train ride to tour near the mountain on a clear day. Besides the train visitors can also get there on a cable car or a gondola. Moreover, there are hikes organized during summers and sports activities like skiing, snowboarding, etc. take place during winters at Mount Rigi.

That being said, Mount Rigi is a place that wouldn't disappoint you no matter when you visit. With the vivid scenery and the delightful atmosphere, Mount Rigi is one of the places to visit in Lucerne.

Best time to Visit- June - September (December- February)
Entry fee- Free
Read more


Interlaken is a quintessential Swiss town that sits in the lap of the majestic Alps. The long-fabled mountains surrounding the town have welcomed visitors for over a hundred years, making Interlaken the much-visited destination that it is today. The unparalleled scenic beauty of the Swiss Alps along with its rich culture and a very quaint, small-town vibe make Interlaken a holiday-maker's paradise.

From it's azure lakes to snow-capped mountains, Interlaken has a lot to offer! The old heart of the town, its centre is dotted with buildings that date back centuries. You can walk past old hotels, quirky cafes and chocolate making workshops here. Just like the rest of Switzerland, Interlaken also has an enviable variety of cheese that you must try. As far as culture is concerned, Interlaken has loads of it, including ancient musical instruments, colourful traditional dresses and local food. If you are lucky, you will be able to have a glimpse into all of these on a walk through the town.

If you love nature and would love to go on hikes and treks on your trip to Interlaken, then you have landed at the right place. You can catch one of over 45 cable cars that leave from Interlaken and get off at a different destination, allowing you access to hundreds of trails, summits, cliff-fronts, caves, waterfalls and more! There are trails that would take you through old villages, trails that run along Lakeshores and trails that go up the mountain tops. Whether you are here to enjoy the luxurious holiday destination of the Victorians or want to get your heart pumping with some amazing adventure sports, Interlaken has everything.

You can stand at the highest point of the continent or float down rivers, you can enjoy a private spa by a lake or glide through the air. Its beautiful landscape is steeped in history, myth, and legend and you will find everything from dragons to castles and old convents here.  Interlaken has something for everyone!

Read more

Out of thousands of heart swinging tourist attractions in Switzerland, Mount Titlis stands out as one of the highest alpine hill-stations situated between the cantons of Obwalden and Bern. To reach the summit of Titlis, you have to cross four stops, Gerschnialp, Trubsee, Stand, and Klein Titlis.

These four places themselves are home to the alluring environment and have many places where you can sit back and relax or participate in the fun-packed adventure. As you reach atop, you will be welcomed by snow-swept mountains and bewitching beauty of the hill-station which makes it a perfect holiday destination for a reviving experience.

The prismatic view of the white and rocky mountains along with the changing hues of the Swiss horizon is an added perk of visiting Mount Titlis. Mount Titlis is best suited for people who are driven by adrenaline and are particularly fond of adventures as there are a plethora of winter and summer adventure sports that go round the year.

The place attracts a lot of skiing lovers especially in the winters when the thick snow covers the steep shoulders of the peak. Tourists can also engage themselves in other winter activities like winter walking and snowshoeing which is suitable for people of all ages. Biking, zip-lining, and scootering are also popular here as it proffers the thrill of whisking on the white along with sailing through the thick frost.

If you want your mountain expedition to be more challenging, you can choose to take the trails and hike around the mountain with your friends and family.
Read more
Entry Tickets Explore All (5)
Jungfrau is the highest mountain peak in Europe and is also known as the roof of Europe for the same reason. Situated at a height of 3,466 metres above sea level, this is one of the most popular places to visit in Interlaken.

You can ride the Jungfrau line from the town and reach the Sphinx Observatory; one of the highest astronomical observatories in the world, offering spectacular views. The train station at Jungfraujoch is also the highest in entire Europe and can only be reached by a cogwheel train, making the journey a memorable one!


The highest train station in the entire continent 

Home to one of the world's highest astronomical observatories; Sphinx Observatory 

Ice palace with several ice sculptures 

Plenty of opportunities to go sledging, skiing and snowboarding 

Jungfraujoch, 3823 Lauterbrunnen, Switzerland

The first train leaves Interlaken Ost at 6:35 AM and the last train leaves anytime between 16:43 to 18:43 depending on the time of the year.
Read more


With exceptional scenery, eternal snow and purity of air, Schilthorn is a set of mountains that surround Switzerland. The major attraction at this place is the 360-degree panoramic view of the Swiss skyline. On top of it is a rotating restaurant, Piz Gloria, which provides visitors with great food as well as a magnificent view.

Just like other peaks, the ropeway is the best option to reach on the top. With all these activities, Schilthron also offers skyline walks in winters, making it one of the best places to visit in Switzerland in october. Being surrounded by ice and snow, skiers and mountaineers are familiar with this place,thus making it popular among the people who live in snow-free areas.

Activities to do:

Piz Gloria(rotating restaurant), skyline walk, skiing and hiking.

Mount Pilatus is a tiny paradise of Lucerne in Switzerland that is considered to be the greatest hiking destination. It is composed of many beautiful peaks out of which Tomlishorn is the highest. Once you have reached Mount Pilatus and you look down, the most amazing sight awaits you- Lake Lucerne nestled right into the Swiss Alps! 

When you have reached the top, there are a plethora of things for you to do! You can gaze at the Swiss Alps from the viewpoint, or you can drop into one of the bars or restaurants scattered all over the place! You’ll also find a Dragon path at the top of Mount Pilatus where information about the hiking trails and viewing points has been mentioned.
Read more
Attractions Explore All (6)
Image Credit : Image by Rene Staemfli from Pixabay
Nestled amidst the two Bernese Oberland towns called Thun and Interlaken, Lake Thun is a beautiful Alpine Lake brimming with deep blue water. Cuddled on the northern periphery of the majestic Mount Alps, the lake possesses a beautiful backdrop which is reflected vividly on its crystal clear surface.

The shores of the lake are dotted with small medieval towns and Romanesque churches to enhance the elegance of the lake. The nearby town also called Thun, houses a 12th century castle which possesses elegant Swiss architecture. You could witness this from the middle of the lake while taking the most suggested cruising trip in the lake.

Along with the 12th century castle, you could witness the 15th century Spiez Castle in the south of the lake. All these features make this lake one of the prominent paradises on the earth. In fact, the beauty of the place was so enthralling that a 19th century painter painted a huge scene of the lake which is kept in the Schadau Park.

Not only cruising, you could also enjoy jet skiing, speed boating, swimming, hiking on the nearby Alps, and many more water sports in the lake. By offering so many recreational options to its visitors, the place becomes a favourite of the tourists and locals alike.
Read more


Basel, sharing its borders with France and Germany, lies on the banks of the River Rhine in the northwest region of Switzerland. It is one of the most beautiful cities in Switzerland, especially known for the diversity of its flora and fauna. It has miles and miles of lilac flowers edging along the stunning Rhine River. Like all the major Swiss cities, Basel also has its own charming Old Town area, which takes one back in the luxurious and slow pace of life as it was in the medieval era. It has stone houses with tiled roofs, beautiful cafes, well-kept boutiques, and vantage points to see stunning views of River Rhine. There are numerous cruises available for you to see the pristine beauty of the river its promenades. 

The most famous attraction here is the 10th-century Basel Minster known for its architecture heavily influenced by Roman and Gothic architecture. Almost as a symbol of its diversity, near the church, stands the striking 18th-century Jewish synagogue. The city is a haven for those who love nature and the outdoors. Basel Zoo, the oldest and the largest in Switzerland, houses over 600 species of rare animals like Indian Rhino, Flamingo, African elephants, and panthers. The sun-drenched city of Basel is the cultural epicentre of Switzerland. This is the most vibrant of places in the country famed for its festivals, art events, concerts, and open-air cinemas. Due to its location on the French and German borders, it is a melting pot of people, languages, and cuisines. It is known as the ‘city of museums’ and has over 40 museums that house world-famous galleries, collections of paintings and artworks.

Some of the best museums to visit are the Basel Toy World Museum, Antiques Museum for Egyptian artefacts, and Basel Museum of Ancient Art. The people of Basel love to celebrate and welcome everybody to the amazing carnivals held here throughout the year. These carnivals are an absolute riot of music, satirical performances, hand-painted lantern processions, and parades by pipers & drummers in colourful costumes. Basel remains rainy throughout the year with overcast skies. The summers are comfortable with July being the hottest month. The winters are freezing with January being the coldest month. The temperatures fall below zero often accompanied by snowfall. 

Read more

Situated in the Canton of Berne, Lake Brienz is a wonderful lake in the north of the Alps spread over an area close to almost 29.8 square kilometres. The lake is about 14 kilometres long, 2.8 kilometres wide and 260 meters deep. Lake Brienz is one of the deepest lakes in Switzerland. 

Forested by hills of Faulhorn and Schwarzhorn, the lake projects an amazing scenic magnetism. Also recognized as the turquoise gem, Lake Brienz is brighter and intense than any other lakes in Switzerland. The colour of the lake is turquoise because of the waters coming from the glaciers of the Lütschine and the river Aare carry small particles of the sediments into the lake.

With the deposition of the particles in the lake, a magical effect is created and is amplified to a greater extent as the lake is well maintained. Tourists at all times love to come to Lake Brienz because of its calm and still nature. The lake reflects the clear skies and the surrounding mountains, which makes the surrounding scenic.

You would also find a number of castles and vineyards on the shores of this lake, which entices the tourists to take part in a number of water-based activities and even hosts a number of music festivals all over the year. If you have not paid a visit to this beautiful lake in Switzerland, then why not take a trip to this amazing place with your loved ones and witness the magic of the enchanting environment.
Read more
Adventure Explore All (6)
Newly Added Switzerland Experience

Popular On Thrillophilia

Things to Do in Bangalore Things to Do in Mumbai Things to Do in Pune Things to Do in Goa Things to Do in Dubai Chadar Trek Pawna Lake Camping Maldives Packages Everest Base Camp Trek Ladakh Tour Packages Leh Ladakh Bike Trips Andaman Tour Packages Sikkim Tour Packages North East Tour Packages Bali Honeymoon Packages Treks in India Camps in Rishikesh Jaisalmer Camps Weekend Getaways from Bangalore Places to Visit near Mumbai Weekend Getaways from Delhi Weekend Getaways from Pune Places to Visit in Dubai Places to Visit in Singapore Places to Visit in Bali Things to do in Singapore Skydive Dubai Switzerland Honeymoon Packages Northern Lights in Finland Greece Tour Packages Greece Honeymoon Packages Northern Lights in Norway Turkey Tour Packages Italy Packages Switzerland Tour Packages Europe Tour Packages Jim Corbett Packages Nainital Tour Packages Mussoorie Tour Packages Paris Tour Package Paris Honeymoon Package London Tour Package Iceland Tour Packages Germany Tour Package Amsterdam Tour Package Italy Honeymoon Packages France Tour Packages Northern Lights in Sweden Finland Tour Package Istanbul Tour Package Spain Tour Packages Norway Tour Packages Europe Honeymoon Packages Sri Lanka Tour Packages Haridwar Tour Packages Manali Tour Package Himachal Tour Packages Rajasthan Tour Packages Triund Trek Kashmir Honeymoon Packages Kashmir Tour Packages Maldives Honeymoon Packages Places to Visit in Delhi Places to Visit in Jaipur Desert Safari Dubai Resorts in Maldives Himachal Honeymoon Packages Shimla Tour Package Uttarakhand Tour Packages Rishikesh Tour Packages Srinagar Tour Packages Ranthambore Tour Packages Golden Triangle Tour Packages Udaipur Tour Packages Shimla Honeymoon Tour Packages Manali Honeymoon Packages Mount Abu Packages Jaisalmer Tour Packages Jaipur Tour Packages Auli Tour Packages Burj Khalifa Tickets

Adventure in Switzerland

Explore All (6)

Attractions in Switzerland

Explore All (6)

Sightseeing in Switzerland

Explore All (7)
23 January 2020
The Mount Titlis Day Tour with Cable Car was a delightful experience for me. I was traveling with my spouse. The views were gorgeous and something that I can never forget about, it was dramatically gorgeous. If you are visiting Switzerland then Mount Titlis cable car ride is a great way to spend some time in the arms of nature and enjoy a great time. I was also able to capture some really good photos of the cute little snow penguins.
10 February 2020
The fully rotating cable car experience topped with interacting with the snow penguins makes for a really fun time to enjoy. I recommend everyone should once visit the Mount Titlis and do the Cable Car ride. And I must say that the view from the cable car was amazing.
04 November 2019
It was great to spend such a great evening enjoying a ton of fun activities. I had a lot fun sledding and I must say that the fondue dinner was delicious. Fun and food, a great way to spend a night indeed.
10 December 2019
The dinner was on point, the activities were really fun and I along with my kids had a lot of fun exploring the night night sledding experience. If you are in interlaken you have to take one night out and enjoy this thrilling adventure with your family or your friends. The drinks served were also delicious.
19 September 2019
The best fun I had at night in Switzerland was with sulwald Sledding experience at Interlaken. The activities are really organized and the guide gives thorough instruction about the details of the night. I must say that these instructions can get really boring but the guide found a way to make it really fun. I and my partner I was able to get into the action really fast with Sledging which followed dinner. All in all, I must thank Thrillophilia for making our night adventurous.
24 October 2019
Chamonix Mont Blanc Day Tour was an amazing experience. We could visit a number of tourist attractions and sight the mesmerizing views of the white mountains. A delightful and fun filled tour indeed. Thanks to the team Thrillophilia and our guide for making it happen.
The overall service was satisfactory and very cost effective at the same time.
05 October 2019
The experience of being received at the Zurich Airport was very smooth. The car had arrived at the location on time and we had a very comfortable ride.
10 February 2020
The place is perfect for half a day trip. It takes around 5 hours to completely enjoy every part of the museum and it is the place worth visiting. Everything about the museum is great, I mean the first thought in my head when I heard the museum was boring but the Swiss Museum Of Transport is completely opposite. There are a ton of fun activities to do and cars to admire.
28 August 2019
We took a ton of pictures and explored a number of ancient and modern transportation vehicles. Overall, a fun place to visit.

Popular Related Destinations

People Also Ask About Switzerland

  1. Which are the best places to visit in Switzerland?

    1. Rhine Falls: Rhine Falls is one of the best places to visit in Switzerland in October as during this month you can enjoy boating here. The waterfall is known for its breathtaking beauty, and you can take a walk along one of its trails to admire the stunning beauty of the falls. The best thing is that you can discover the waterfall from various viewing platforms, some of which will take you incredibly close to the falls. 

    2. Matterhorn: 
    This is the jewel of the Swiss Alps, with several ski parlours, hiking trails, and resorts that only operate in winters. During October, you must visit Matterhorn if you want to enjoy hiking and rock climbing as the weather is pleasant, making it ideal for enjoying these activities.

    3. Grindelwald: 
    This is a famous mountain village you can visit in October as winter starts during this time, making it an ideal snowy spot for tons of adventurous activities. With its clear skies and alpine beauty Grindelwald is a welcome respite from the cacophony of city life.

  2. What are the best things to do in Switzerland?

    1. Skiing In Grindelwald: One of the best activities that you can enjoy in Switzerland during October is skiing in Grindelwald. Grindelwald is linked directly to the Wengen ski area, and you can enjoy the resort's combined one hundred thirty-two miles of ski terrain over fifty pistes. This activity generally starts in Switzerland during this month as the snowfall begins.

    2. Cable Car Ride: 
    If you want to catch the breathtaking views of the snowy Swiss Alps, you must enjoy a cable car ride in October. The cable car will take you to the top of the beautiful Matterhorn mountain. During the cable car ride, you can also click beautiful pictures of the splendid sceneries.

    3. Boating in Rhine Falls: 
    Another exciting activity that you can enjoy in October is boating in Rhine Falls. The thrilling boat ride will take you in the waterfall for a split moment and drench you thoroughly from head to toe.

  3. How many days are enough in Switzerland?

    12-15 days are enough in Switzerland if you just want to visit the prime locations. Starting from the village of Lugano, the maximum time needed to explore the lakes and other waterfront communities is around two days after which one can take a flight to St. Gallen.
    St. Gallen can be fully explored in three days as it has more places which have time limits, so after ten midnight, the only thing left to do is sightseeing. Considering other sites like Jungfraujoch, Matterhorn, Monte Bre and Schilthorn, you can cover them in 1-2 days each.
  4. How can I visit Switzerland in 7 days?

    Day1: You can start by exploring old towns and taking lake tours in Geneva.

    Take a train to Lausanne where you can spend time in fancy boutiques and do some hiking. 

    You can visit Monte Bre, which offers the unspoilt natural environment and is one of the sunniest points in Switzerland.

    Visit Grindelwald and try some authentic food in its lavish green vallies

    Take a ride to Jungfraujoch on a ropeway and visit “Frozen Wonderland”.

    Explore wildlife parks in St. Glen followed by making your own chocolate in its many chocolate factories.

    Visit Schilthorn and watch the panoramic view of swiss skyline followed by dinner in Piz Gloria.
  5. What clothes to pack for Switzerland in October?

    The climate of Switzerland in October is somewhat unpredictable. Considering the higher places, you will need woollen clothes as these areas have a temperature of around 5 degrees so finding snow is common there. In case of valleys, the temperature remains about 12 to 14 degrees in October so it is better to pack that can be layered so that they can be adjusted as the requirement.
  6. Is there snow in Switzerland in October?

    Yes, snow is fairly guaranteed as the temperature in Switzerland ranges between -1 degrees to 10 degrees in october. However, there is no snow in the plains, but hilly areas provide perfect ice and snow needed for skiing. Snowing in October depends on the temperature, there are higher chances of finding snow on mountains in every season, but if we consider the plains and the valley, the chances are less.

Popular Nearby Places Around Switzerland