Periyar National Park: A Detailed Travel Guide
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Periyar National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary were established in the year 1982 and has been attracting a number of tourists since then. Located near the districts of Idukki, Pathanamthitta, and Kottayam, this national park is constituted of a tiger reserve as well as an elephant reserve. Book our 3 Days Tiger Trail Trekking & Camping in Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary to explore and have fun in the Periyar National Park.

Spread over an area of almost 925-kilometer squares, Periyar National Park park is composed of some of the rarest, endangered, and endemic flora and fauna and also watersheds of two crucial rivers which include Periyar and Pamba.

The distinctive beauty of the national park and the collection of exotic species is what makes the attraction one in a million. People from all over the country and also visitors from outside the country come to visit this place to enjoy the panoramic beauty of the national park.

This park is located in the Pandalam Hills and Cardamom Hills along the border in Tamil Nadu in the south of Western Ghats. The location itself is quite remarkable which makes its beauty one of a kind. If you are planning a trip to the South, then visiting this national park is a must.

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Flora and Fauna in Periyar National Park



The Periyar National Park is compiled of a number of exotic and amazing plants and trees. There are a number of tropical evergreen and grasslands, lake and river ecosystems, moist deciduous forests, and stands of eucalyptus. Other than this, there are a number of flowering plants which constitute of about 1717 species of grass, and orchids of about 140 species.

The forests usually have semi-evergreen trees and deciduous trees like rosewood, sandalwood, mangoes, jamun, sacred fig, kino tree, south Indian conifer, teak, tamarind, jacarandas, banyans, plumerias, bamboos, terminalias, Nageia wallichiana, medicinal gloriosa lily, and many other endemic flowers including Syzygium periyarensis and Habenaria periyarensis. 

There is also a lot of agricultural growth in the area and also in surroundings with plantations of a lot of corps which include coffee, tea, cardamom, and much more. There is a lot of grass as well which is found in the open grasslands and is usually found on the edges of the various lakes and rivers in the park.

This vegetation is resistant to fire and dense which is quite suitably grown for elephants. That terms for a common dining hall for all kinds of herbivores.



There are around 35 species of mammals in this park out of which a lot of the animals are threatened species. There is an elephant reserve and also a tiger reserve. There are 35 Bengal tigers along with a few white tigers. Some of the other mammals which are found in the park are jungle cat, Indian giant squirrel, wild pig, sambar, Stripe-necked Mongoose, Nilgiri tahr, sloth bear, gaur, Salim Ali's fruit bat, Nilgiri marten, and many more.

There are about 26 species of birds as well. some of them are migrants as well. there are a lot of endemic birds which include the Malabar grey hornbill, blue-winged parakeet, crimson backed sunbird, blue flycatcher, Nilgiri wood pigeon, white-bellied flycatcher, black baza, Nilgiri thrush, spot-bellied eagle owl, and many more exotic birds including SriLanka frogmouth, little spider hunt, Brahminy kite, oriental darter, great hornbill, and many more. other than that, there are 16 butterfly species and also 13 new bird species have been introduced lately.

There are almost 45 reptile species which include 13 lizard species, two turtle species, and almost 30 snake species. The various snakes include striped coral snake, king cobra, and also Malabar pit viper. There are 40 species of fish including barb, channa barb, trout, Latia, and Travancore loach. Last but not least, there are amphibians which include Asian toad, bicolored frog, Malabar gliding frog, and fungoid frog.

Activities in Periyar National Park


Jeep Safari

Jeep Safari is a ride through the jeep all around the national park by the guides of the park itself. This is one of the most adventurous activities to take part in. you can enjoy the views of all the animals present in the national park by taking a ride on the jeep.

Get to witness the finest beauty of the vast lands of the national park and its flora and fauna which is compiled of a lot of endangered species which are exclusively found only in the Periyar National Park. You can tour through the jeep with your friends and family. This activity is enjoyed a lot by children as they get to learn a lot.
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Periyar Lake Cruise

Periyar Lake is situated right inside the Periyar National Park. A local inside cruise is available for visitors who wish to see around the lake. The views you administer while taking the cruise are indescribable.

The fascinating elements of the national park including the natural instincts, the greenery, the various animals, both aquatic and on land, and the amenities on the cruise all compile together to provide you with an adventurous spirit which you will love and remember forever. If you are in the park, then you cannot afford to miss out on the Periyar Lake cruise. The splendid feel the cruise provides with all the tourists and locals together is breathtakingly beautiful.

Elephant Ride/ Shower

Elephant Ride is another way to have a look around the beauty of the fascinating and natural habitat and instincts of the animals residing in the national park. This ride is even more enjoyable than the jeep safari as you get to ride on an elephant and have a real-life experience of the wild.

You can take a look at the species of animals and plants closely as you ride an elephant. It can help you reach out areas which are otherwise not reachable on a jeep. Also, tigers are scared to attack an elephant and so you can easily take a look at the tigers as well without having them scare you off.

Spice Plantation Tour and Shopping

When you tour around the Periyar National Park, you will smell a very attractive scent in the air. Probably this scent is of the various spices which have been planted in the park in a specific area. There are a lot of spices which have been planted there including pepper, nutmeg, cinnamon, cardamom, voles, and many more.

The best part is that you can also buy yourself a lot of these spices as well when you are on the tour in the park. These spices are some of the finest in the entire country and also contribute a major production portion of spices of the state if cereal.

So, make sure you buy all the good ones. There are innumerable species of flora and fauna found in the park as well. we have listed out the best ones for you which you must surely take a look at in the national park once you are there.

Places to Visit In & Around Periyar National Park


Periyar Lake

The lake is one of the best attractions in the park. It is purely divine to look at the beauty it brings to the scenery of the park. The area around the lake is quite refreshing and is the best for spending time sitting around. You can also take the famous Periyar lake cruise which will help you see around the place in a better way.

Connemara Tea Factory

This tea factory is about 40 years old and has been operating since. There is a one-hour guided tour provided to all the visitors and tourists who wish to see the factory and around. There are a lot of hills of tea plantations which are present around the tea factory which makes it easy for the factory to ring about aw material.

Not just locally, but this tea factory is quite renowned all around the country. A bus ride will also take you to the factory which is located up the hills.


Mangla Devi Temple

Known all around the state, this is one of the most renowned temples in the city. People have great believed in this temple and come to spare their time in the shedding of the Goddess here even on regular basis.

The temple has amazing architecture and has been there since a very long time. Not only it is a sacred place, but also this temple has quite a history which is why people visit this temple all the time along with their families and kids. Even tourists from other nations visit them temple on their trips.

Abraham’s Spice Garden

There are a lot of spices which have been planted here including pepper, nutmeg, cinnamon, cardamom, voles, and many more. The best part is that you can also buy yourself a lot of these spices as well when you are on the tour in the park.

These spices are some of the finest in the entire country and also contribute a major production portion of spices of the state if cereal. So, make sure you buy all the good ones.


This is a hill town which is located quite near the park. However, you will have to take a jeep ride to get to it. The town is quite happening and extremely beautiful. It is surrounded by hills on all sides and looks elegant when you are there.

You can also involve in various hill sports as you spend time there to make the most of your days at that place.

Places to Stay In & Around Periyar National Park


Paradisa Plantation Retreat, Thekkady

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This hotel looks like you are at home. You will not even feel that you have come to a hotel, it is that comfortable. They offer internet access, free parking, airport shuttle, free breakfast, swimming pool, and also an amazing restaurant where excellent food is served.

You can also enjoy an excellent amount of views from the balconies of the retreat which are quite an amazing view to behold if you see. This is also one of the best you can stay in the city.

Shalimar Spice Garden, Periyar

An immensely beautiful place located within natural surroundings to stay in this hotel. They offer all kinds of luxuries and basic amenities including free Wi-Fi, free breakfast, a swimming pool, airport shuttle, free parking, accessible for wheelchair, and more.

The booking can be all around the clock. This is a 4-star hotel and is one of the bests in the city. The healthy and refreshing surroundings around the hotel make it worth a while and make the stay of yours at the hotel even more magical than it usually would have been. The rooms are fantastic and huge. The kids will surely have a great time here.

Spice Village- Nature Habitat, Periyar

Spice village nature habitat is another four-star hotel in the city. They offer free Wi-Fi, parking, airport shuttle, wheelchair accessibility, breakfast, and more. the hotel looks like a collection of hats from the outside to give that rural look.

However, from the inside, the hotel is pure elegance and has all the amenities you would ask for with a great service panel and staff to help and guide you to and forth.

Cardamom County, Thekkady

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The only thing which is an extra here at Cardamom County from the other hotels is that they have a spa as well. you can enjoy aromatherapies and organic spa treatment here which is a great deal to have on your vacation to let go off all the stress your body holds.

Other than that, this is also a four-star hotel, and the hotels look like small sized bungalows from the outside thatched together. There is quite a lot of greenery which makes the air quite refreshing and breathable in a good way. The lighting at the county is perfect and has an urban feel to it.

Greenwoods Resort, Periyar

This is one of the best places to stay if you are in the city. They have a four-star rating with all kinds of free and basic amenities including parking, Wi-Fi, and breakfast. Along with that they also have a fitness center and a business center.

You could enjoy both of them as long as you are in the hotel. The rooms here are quite huge and luxurious. They make it a very comfortable stay for you by providing excellent service. The food joints within the hotel are quite mesmerizing as well.

Niraamaya Retreats Cardamom Club, Thekkady

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One of the most enjoyable parts at this four-star hotel is that they have an excellent looking pool with the facility of sunbath benches where you can sit and relax during the days and the evenings. They are quite a scene and also make a fascinating recreational opportunity for people who are staying.

There is also a spa where you can go and relax with all the treatments they offer. It is quite amazing. Along with that, they offer fantastic service and the rooms and food are amazing as well. they also offer free breakfast, Wi-Fi, and parking as well for people who are here to stay.

Sterling Holiday Resort-Woods N Spice

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As the name suggests, the hotel has been themed like a house made of wood. The interiors of the rooms which are given to the guests to stay are totally made of wood and have a decent looking approach to them.

The theme makes your stay even better. they also have a spa and a swimming pool which make your stay a thing to remember with all the memories you can make. This hotel is the best for families as they have all kinds of facilities to cater to people of all ages and entertain you in the best way.

Other Information about Periyar National Park


Best Time to Visit Periyar National Park

Winters are the best time to visit the place because the temperature at that time is quite cool and pleasant. During monsoon, there is quite a lot of humidity and traveling around for outdoor locations is not a great idea. Summers are very hot here so avoid going in this season.

Thus, the months of October to march make the best time for you to visit this place.

How to Reach Periyar National Park

The best and the easiest way to reach the park is to take the bus service unless you have a personal conveyance. If you are a tourist then go for the bus service which can be availed from Cochin and also Thiruvananthapuram.

You can also take the rain junction which is Kottayam. With that said, Periyar National Park is one of the best attractions to see and witness when you are on vacation. Do not miss out on it and have fun while you explore the best of nature!

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11 July 2019
It Was an Awesome Trip To Munnar , Pros: Traveling On Month Of July (monsoon Season) Make The Place More Special . The Place Where The Camping Held Has Given Stunning Panoramic View Of The Western Ghats and the Valley of Theni. On Way To Campsite You Can Also have A Chance To Encounter With Wild Animals Which is also an Thrilling Experince. The Dinner and Breakfast Which Provided By the Tour Company Was Quiet Decent. Memorable Moments And FunFilled Trip Is Guarantee . Cons : Food are Really Expensive on Outside Of The Campiste Residency If You Are Planning A Other Activities Than Camping Beware Of The Activities You Pick bcoz In Some Places( Example :Elephant Safari,Etc..) They Charge You More Than It Deserve Since I Had Private Tour I Did Not Have Problem With Restroom Facilities (because Campsite Was Near The Building Of The Tour Company ) I havn't Seen Any Restroom On The Places Of Group Tour Camp So Please Enquire Before The Begging Of Your Camping. --- At Last One Line Decrption --- " Nature Always Wears The Colors Of The Spirits " Live In The Moments In Munnar Have A Good Life :)
16 April 2015
Paragliding was a an absolute delightful experience for me. it was my first time and intially it was a little scary but when you start your flight its amazing. also the pilot was really friendly and explaining me everything from important points about the place and his experience of flying. best parts was when he was doing stunts like flying 360 degree. it was a very memorable experience.
04 November 2020
Arun is really a gem of a person. He is very informative, really kind and soft spoken. He shared knowledge about tea plantation and Munnar history too. Arun is also a good photographer and he captures amazing shots. The view is lovely as fog passes by. Also the trek is amazing given the distance and route. Arun also managed to provide a light snack and lunch on our way and we spent a fantastic time. The seven hills Lakshmi trek is really beautiful way to look at beauty of Munnar. Highly recommended.
11 October 2020
Ideal spot for family and friends to experience a complete riverside vacation at a very reasonable price.
25 May 2015
My money spent on this trip was totally worth it and i strongly recommend this as a holiday point for you.Especially i liked that ride on the houseboat, which is a typical and very famous tourist attraction in Kerala and you gonna love that too.
19 February 2021
Very good experience. Camera battery was weak and he hence our on air video was not fully captured.
28 January 2021
We thoroughly enjoyed the trip.The Jeep Safari was a very thrilling experience.The tent stay was perfect and the food was good.I would definitely recommend it for a group of friends ,looking for a weekend getaway.Kindly contact the host before reaching the campsite since network will not be available there.
21 January 2021
Stunning view, great place, great staff, helpful BUT Cottages need some repair/maintenance Linens are old and worn out and FOOD isn't good at all. I would still rate a 4 star for its view, location, and friendly staff. TO the management, please work on the food at the least and also some maintenance of the room, linen, rest assured you have a great location to always cash on tourists across all seasons.
We went to Wayanad for a family trip and booked this farmhouse from Thrillophilia at the best price as compared to other sites. The location of stay was nice, the scenic views from the room were amazing, The rooms were spacious, comfortable. The food served at the stay was so yummy, totally loved the food, they even arranged bonfire in the evening, it was a great experience.
Recently I went to Wayanad with my friends and we booked this beautiful stay, the location of stay was amazing amidst the lush coffee estate. The rooms were comfortable & cozy, the food served at the stay was amazing, the staff was kind & helpful, proper precautions were taken for covid, We enjoyed the guided plantation walk & cycling tour.

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