Flora and Fauna in Periyar National Park
The Periyar National Park is compiled of a number of exotic and amazing plants and trees. There are a number of tropical evergreen and grasslands, lake and river ecosystems, moist deciduous forests, and stands of eucalyptus. Other than this, there are a number of flowering plants which constitute of about 1717 species of grass, and orchids of about 140 species.
The forests usually have semi-evergreen trees and deciduous trees like rosewood, sandalwood, mangoes, jamun, sacred fig, kino tree, south Indian conifer, teak, tamarind, jacarandas, banyans, plumerias, bamboos, terminalias, Nageia wallichiana, medicinal gloriosa lily, and many other endemic flowers including Syzygium periyarensis and Habenaria periyarensis.
There is also a lot of agricultural growth in the area and also in surroundings with plantations of a lot of corps which include coffee, tea, cardamom, and much more. There is a lot of grass as well which is found in the open grasslands and is usually found on the edges of the various lakes and rivers in the park.
This vegetation is resistant to fire and dense which is quite suitably grown for elephants. That terms for a common dining hall for all kinds of herbivores.
There are around 35 species of mammals in this park out of which a lot of the animals are threatened species. There is an elephant reserve and also a tiger reserve. There are 35 Bengal tigers along with a few white tigers. Some of the other mammals which are found in the park are jungle cat, Indian giant squirrel, wild pig, sambar, Stripe-necked Mongoose, Nilgiri tahr, sloth bear, gaur, Salim Ali's fruit bat, Nilgiri marten, and many more.
There are about 26 species of birds as well. some of them are migrants as well. there are a lot of endemic birds which include the Malabar grey hornbill, blue-winged parakeet, crimson backed sunbird, blue flycatcher, Nilgiri wood pigeon, white-bellied flycatcher, black baza, Nilgiri thrush, spot-bellied eagle owl, and many more exotic birds including SriLanka frogmouth, little spider hunt, Brahminy kite, oriental darter, great hornbill, and many more. other than that, there are 16 butterfly species and also 13 new bird species have been introduced lately.
There are almost 45 reptile species which include 13 lizard species, two turtle species, and almost 30 snake species. The various snakes include striped coral snake, king cobra, and also Malabar pit viper. There are 40 species of fish including barb, channa barb, trout, Latia, and Travancore loach. Last but not least, there are amphibians which include Asian toad, bicolored frog, Malabar gliding frog, and fungoid frog.
Activities in Periyar National Park
Get to witness the finest beauty of the vast lands of the national park and its flora and fauna which is compiled of a lot of endangered species which are exclusively found only in the Periyar National Park. You can tour through the jeep with your friends and family. This activity is enjoyed a lot by children as they get to learn a lot.
Periyar Lake Cruise
The fascinating elements of the national park including the natural instincts, the greenery, the various animals, both aquatic and on land, and the amenities on the cruise all compile together to provide you with an adventurous spirit which you will love and remember forever. If you are in the park, then you cannot afford to miss out on the Periyar Lake cruise. The splendid feel the cruise provides with all the tourists and locals together is breathtakingly beautiful.
Elephant Ride/ Shower
You can take a look at the species of animals and plants closely as you ride an elephant. It can help you reach out areas which are otherwise not reachable on a jeep. Also, tigers are scared to attack an elephant and so you can easily take a look at the tigers as well without having them scare you off.
Spice Plantation Tour and Shopping
When you tour around the Periyar National Park, you will smell a very attractive scent in the air. Probably this scent is of the various spices which have been planted in the park in a specific area. There are a lot of spices which have been planted there including pepper, nutmeg, cinnamon, cardamom, voles, and many more.
The best part is that you can also buy yourself a lot of these spices as well when you are on the tour in the park. These spices are some of the finest in the entire country and also contribute a major production portion of spices of the state if cereal.
So, make sure you buy all the good ones. There are innumerable species of flora and fauna found in the park as well. we have listed out the best ones for you which you must surely take a look at in the national park once you are there.
Places to Visit In & Around Periyar National Park
Connemara Tea Factory
This tea factory is about 40 years old and has been operating
since. There is a one-hour guided tour provided to all the visitors and
tourists who wish to see the factory and around. There are a lot of hills of
tea plantations which are present around the tea factory which makes it easy
for the factory to ring about aw material.
Not just locally, but this tea factory is quite renowned all around the country. A bus ride will also take you to the factory which is located up the hills.
Mangla Devi Temple
The temple has amazing architecture and has been there since a very long time. Not only it is a sacred place, but also this temple has quite a history which is why people visit this temple all the time along with their families and kids. Even tourists from other nations visit them temple on their trips.
Abraham’s Spice Garden
These spices are some of the finest in the entire country and also contribute a major production portion of spices of the state if cereal. So, make sure you buy all the good ones.
You can also involve in various hill sports as you spend time there to make the most of your days at that place.
Places to Stay In & Around Periyar National Park
Paradisa Plantation Retreat, Thekkady
You can also enjoy an excellent amount of views from the balconies of the retreat which are quite an amazing view to behold if you see. This is also one of the best you can stay in the city.
Shalimar Spice Garden, Periyar
The booking can be all around the clock. This is a 4-star hotel and is one of the bests in the city. The healthy and refreshing surroundings around the hotel make it worth a while and make the stay of yours at the hotel even more magical than it usually would have been. The rooms are fantastic and huge. The kids will surely have a great time here.
Spice Village- Nature Habitat, Periyar
However, from the inside, the hotel is pure elegance and has all the amenities you would ask for with a great service panel and staff to help and guide you to and forth.
Cardamom County, Thekkady
Other than that, this is also a four-star hotel, and the hotels look like small sized bungalows from the outside thatched together. There is quite a lot of greenery which makes the air quite refreshing and breathable in a good way. The lighting at the county is perfect and has an urban feel to it.
Greenwoods Resort, Periyar
You could enjoy both of them as long as you are in the hotel. The rooms here are quite huge and luxurious. They make it a very comfortable stay for you by providing excellent service. The food joints within the hotel are quite mesmerizing as well.
Niraamaya Retreats Cardamom Club, Thekkady
There is also a spa where you can go and relax with all the treatments they offer. It is quite amazing. Along with that, they offer fantastic service and the rooms and food are amazing as well. they also offer free breakfast, Wi-Fi, and parking as well for people who are here to stay.
Sterling Holiday Resort-Woods N Spice
The theme makes your stay even better. they also have a spa and a swimming pool which make your stay a thing to remember with all the memories you can make. This hotel is the best for families as they have all kinds of facilities to cater to people of all ages and entertain you in the best way.
Other Information about Periyar National Park
Best Time to Visit Periyar National Park
Winters are the best time to visit the place because the temperature at that time is quite cool and pleasant. During monsoon, there is quite a lot of humidity and traveling around for outdoor locations is not a great idea. Summers are very hot here so avoid going in this season.Thus, the months of October to march make the best time for you to visit this place.
How to Reach Periyar National Park
The best and the easiest way to reach the park is to take the bus service unless you have a personal conveyance. If you are a tourist then go for the bus service which can be availed from Cochin and also Thiruvananthapuram.
You can also take the rain junction which is Kottayam. With that said, Periyar National Park is one of the best attractions to see and witness when you are on vacation. Do not miss out on it and have fun while you explore the best of nature!