Devanahalli Fort Overview

This 15th-century fort has witnessed multiple seizures and attacks in the bygone era by Tipu Sultan, Hyder Ali and even the Britishers. Malla Baire Gowda constructed in the year 1501 making it one of the Bangalore tourist places which you can not afford to miss if you want to learn more about the Mythology, history, and culture of the state. 

There is small village settlement within the fort premise with several old-style temples which gives insight into the history of the place. 

This 20 acres long fort is made of stone and mud and the house where Tipu Sultan and Hyder Ali lived still exists in the lap of this fortress.

Location: Devanahalli Near Bangalore -Hyderabad Highway, District, Devanahalli, Karnataka 562110

Best Time to Visit: October to March.

Price: No entry fee.

Timings: Open 24 hours.

Average time required to visit the place: 2 to 3 hours.

Distance from Kempe Gowda Bus stand: Approximately 35 KM.

Further Read: 11 Best Resorts in Devanahalli, Bangalore

Around 35 km north-east of Bangalore, one will find the fort of Devanahalli. It was built in the first half of the 16th century and is one of the most popular forts for tourists in India . Devanahalli fort is a spectacle among other forts in India because of its architecture and its history of various battles fought..

The Gowda family built the fort and kept it as their home for many decades. One can find the ruins of the age-old houses and some of them are still unshaken till date. Located near Bangalore, the fort has been a place of cultural importance as it was the ground for numerous battles.

Devanahalli fort is among the most architectural forts and also one of the biggest forts in India spanning over an area of 20 acres. Due to its historic importance,  it attracts many visitors from India and other countries.

It is located near the birthplace of Tipu Sultan who is also known as ‘the tiger of mysore’. With many temples located inside the fort and the graffiti of the battles fought here reflected through its walls, the fort is an ancient marvel and of its kind.

Talking of the temples in the fort, some temples are dedicated to the local deities. Among them, the prominent ones are Siddheswar Swami temple, Chandramouleshwara temple, and Raghavendra Swamy temple.

During the various battles fought in the fort, there were some minor damages done to the temples. Over some time, the temples were repaired and now are the hub of various tourists from India as well as other countries. 

History of Devanahalli Fort:

Rana Baire Gowda, father of Malla Baire Gowda had a dream in which he was directed to build a settlement in Devanahalli. In 1501, Malla Baire Gowda laid the foundation stone of Devanahalli Fort in the Devanahalli village. The Devanahalli Fort remained the home ground for many battles over a period spanning 200-250 years. The fort has many remains and ruins from the historic battles which were fought here.

Malle Byre Gowda and his descendants had the fort under their control for over 2 centuries from 1501 to 1749. Later in 1749, the dalwai of Mysore, Nanjarajaiah conquered the fort and a long history of Gowda family came to an end.

The fort was in possession of Nagarajaiah and soon went into the hands of the sultan leader, Hyder Ali. During this period of years (1749-1790), the fort witnessed several battles and also saw the overcome of new kingdoms in the region.

After Hyder Ali had the fort under his belt, the Devanahalli Fort went into the power of Tipu Sultan. Even the mighty Marathas had the fort under their control for a subsequent period but they could not keep up with the battles they fought against the Sultans.

In 1791, the Britishers under the leadership of Lord Cornwallis overthrew the Sultanate in the Mysore War and captured the fort. The fort was in total control of the Britishers for over 150 years until India gained Independence in 1947. 

The architecture of Devanahalli Fort:

Most of the original fort built in 1501 is damaged now and all that remains now is the various reconstructions it had over a while. The fort went through many modifications in its structure as it was the battleground for over 2 centuries.

The modern-day fort is the result of the changes made by Hyder Ali and later by Tipu Sultan. Since the fort was always in a war type situation, it has around 12-semi circular parapets each having room to hold guns. During the time of battles, these parapets were the base ground for overseeing the enemies and planning in advance the possible moves.

The fort has entrances in the east and west which are relatively small and are designed with cut-plasterwork. Devanahalli fort was the home of Hyder Ali and the birthplace of Tipu Sultan and to date, one can see the remains of their residence.

 Among the many giant pillars located in the fort, one can see many enclosed structures that housed Tipu Sultan during the battles. There is a memorial built in the fort in the form of a stone tabloid which has the name “Tipu’s Birthplace” engraved on it. Around the memorial, one can see various plantations of tamarind, mango, and bananas.

How To Reach

From Airport:

You can hire a cab from Bangalore's main town to Devanahalli fort and ride on the Bangalore-Hyderabad highway. Other than a cab, you can also take your private vehicle to the fort following the same highway route.

Keep on driving on NH7 towards Hyderabad and you may see an overhead signboard which says “Devanahalli Township”. Take the right turn next to the board and drive for around one km further and you may reach your destination. On your route, you can enjoy the splendid views of the Nandi hills as well as the mild breeze.

Also, there are government buses from Kempe Gowda bus station that take you directly to the fort in around 40 minutes. 

Best Time To Visit

The best time to visit the Devanahalli fort is during the summer season. As there are beautiful plantations of mango and tamarind which are to their fullest in summer, one should visit the place in summer.

Although the fort is open 24 hours a day for the visitors, it is advisable to visit during the day time. As the ruins of the various temples and the abandoned fort can only be enjoyed during the day time.

It is also recommended not to visit the place during monsoon as major places across the fort are not functional during this season.

Other Essential Information

Devanahalli Fort is located 35 km. from Bangalore on the outskirts of the Bangalore-Hyderabad highway.

Price: There is no entry fee to the fort

Timing: The temples inside the fort are open to the public from 7 am to 1 pm and 6 pm to 8 pm.

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Devanahalli Fort FAQs

Who built Devanahalli fort?

Malla Baire Gowda built a mud fort in 1501 in Devanahalli which was later in 1n the 18th century rebuilt by Hyder Ali in a full stone structure.

How can I reach Devanahalli?

If you are from Bangalore, you can either hire a cab or take your private vehicle and drive on NH7. If you are not from Bangalore, you can take a train or flight to Bangalore and then drive on the NH7 for around 35 kms. There are also buses from KempeGowda Bus station that take you directly to the fort.

What is the birthplace of Tipu Sultan?

Tipu Sultan was born in Devanahalli, in the present-day Bangalore Rural district. The birthplace is very close to the fort and is marked by a small pillared enclosure with the words “Birthplace of Tipu Sultan” written on a stone tablet.

Is the camera allowed inside the fort?

Yes, the camera is allowed inside the fort but if you carry a tripod, you may have to take the permission of the authorities.

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