Abhaneri Step Well Overview

Built over a thousand years ago, Abhaneri Step Well is one of the oldest water wells near Jaipur. Also known as Chand Baori, it is also one of the largest step wells in Rajasthan. It was built by the locals to get water, especially when they needed it during dry times. This stepwell also holds special significance because it is dedicated to Harshat Mata, the goddess of Happiness and Joy. 

Chand Baori or Abhaneri Step Well is a stepwell located in the Abhaneri village near Jaipur which is a favoured tourist destination. With many national as well as international tourists visiting it, Abhaneri Step Well is considered to be an architectural wonder. Explore Abhaneri Step Well on Jaipur travel packages for architectural marvels.

The Abhaneri Step Well is an ancient and remarkable stepwell near Jaipur. Also known as the Chand Baori, this well was built in the 19th century. This stepwell is famous for its intricate architecture and historical importance. It is 30 metres deep, which makes it one of the deepest and largest step wells in India. In Rajasthan, the climate is dry, and step wells are common as they help store water. The Abhaneri Step Well is special because it used to be a great resource for collecting groundwater. 

People visit the Abhaneri Step Well to admire its architectural beauty. It has a unique design with stunning geometrical patterns and carvings that have attracted a lot of attention. You might recognise the Abhaneri Step Well from movies like “Bhool Bhulaiyaa” and “The Dark Knight Rises”. Even though it is very old, some parts of the step well are still working today.

History of Abhaneri Step Well - 

With its history dating back to the 8th Century, Abhaneri Step Well was built by Raja Chanda. Raja Chanda belonged to the Nikhumba Dynasty which ruled the region for almost 400 years. 

Raja Chanda had his faith in Harshat Mata, the goddess of joy and happiness. To please Harshat Mata and help the people in his kingdom, Raja Chanda built this step well. Also, there was a temple attached to the stepwell dedicated to Harshat Mata.

It was partially razed in the 10th century but with time, the temple was repaired. Due to its geographical setting and climatic resolutions, the region often faced water scarcity. 

To cope up with this problem, Raja Chanda started the construction of the stepwell. In its original setting, 

Abhaneri Step Well was only a step well with steps leading to the bottom. In the 18th century when the Mughals invaded the region, they rebuilt the stepwell and constructed walls and built some galleries around the well. 

Abhaneri Step Well houses the annual Abhaneri festival which occurs before the Sharad Navratri. The festival is celebrated to embrace and thank Goddess Harshat Mata in a period of 3-days.

During the festival, a diving competition is conducted where the young men of the village participate. Also, the step well is very popular globally that it attracts more international visitors than national. 

The Harshat Temple near the stepwell is older than the stepwell and was built around the 7th century. The name of the village, Abhaneri is said to be originated from the blessings of Harshat Mata who endowed to spread brightness (abha) in the lives of the people. 

The Architecture of Abhaneri Step Well - 

The geometrical setting of the step well is so unique that this setting cannot be seen in modern times. Abhaneri Step Well is 100 ft deep and takes around 3,500 steps to go the bottom. The stepwell has steep steps on its three sides and the fourth side consists of galleries on two floors. 

The total 3,500 steps are built sideways and not straight on all three sides. The fourth side, which faces the stepwell houses some idols of Lord Ganesh and Mahisasurmardini and acts like a pavilion comprising of some wonderfully carved jharokhas.

The 3,500 steps of the stepwell make it look like a magical structure and if viewed from a particular distance, they look like an optical illusion. With shadow falling on the steps and sunlight playing its game, the steps of Abhaneri Step Well give a very mystic look. 

In ancient times, the step well was more than a step well. At a period in history, the stepwell housed an upper palace and the small palace thing had a few rooms. Though with the years gone by, the palace of the stepwell began to deteriorate and now only a section of it can be seen.

The step well had the ancient water system and the water was used for several purposes.  This ancient form of the water storage system was disregarded by the Britishers and citing the reason that the water in Abhaneri Step Well is used for drinking as well as other reasons like bathing and washing, they installed the system of pipes and tanks. This led to the fall of the old-fashion water system in the Abhaneri village.


• Visit the Abhaneri Step Well to see the stunning geometrical patterns and detailed carvings.
• Look 30 metres deep in the well and understand makes it one of the largest step wells in India.
• Learn about the architectural design of the Abhaneri Step Well that stores water and harvests groundwater.
• Feel nostalgic to see the spots of the step well you have seen in movies like Bhool Bhulaiyaa and The Dark Knight Rises.
• Be amazed to see the working parts of the Abhaneri Step Well, even after over 1,200 years.

How To Reach

The Abhaneri Step Well is situated in the Abhaneri Village near Jaipur, Rajasthan.

By Bus- To reach the Abhaneri Step Well, you can board a bus from Jaipur to Gular. From Gular, it takes 30-minute to 1.5-hour to reach the Abhaneri Step Well.

By Taxi- You can take a direct taxi from Jaipur to Abhaneri Step Well. It will take you around 2 hours to reach the Abhaneri Step Well, covering a distance of about 92.8 kilometres. Alternatively, you can take a taxi from Sikandra to travel for 9 kilometres and reach Abhaneri Step Well in 15 to 20 minutes.

Best Time To Visit

The Abhaneri Step Well is a popular tourist destination that can be visited throughout the year.

Best Season- The best time to visit the Abhaneri Step Well is during the winter season. This season generally falls between October and March. During this time, the weather remains cool and pleasant to explore the Abhaneri Step Well. You can also attend the 3-day Abhaneri Festival in October or November.

Best Day of the Week- Visit the Abhaneri Step Well on weekdays rather than on weekends. This way, you can skip the crowds and explore the attraction at your own pace.

Best Time of the Day- It is advisable to visit the Abhaneri Step Well early in the morning to escape the afternoon heat of the sun.

Other Essential Information

Tips to Visit Abhaneri Step Well - 

  1. Rent a cab or use your own vehicle to reach Abhaneri Step Well since public transport is not reliable.
  2. Hire a guide to learn more about the Abhaneri Step Well and its history.
  3. Visit the haunted Bhangarh Fort on your way to the stepwell for an added adventure.
  4. Bring a camera to capture the beautiful architecture and designs of the stepwell.
  5. Pack some light snacks for the trip if you are visiting with a group or family.
  6. Consider visiting the Harshad Mata Temple and Vishnu Temple near the Abhaneri Step Well.
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Abhaneri Step Well FAQs

What was the original purpose of the Chand baori?

The original purpose of building the Abhaneri Step Well was to store water. Since the region experiences dry monsoon, water scarcity has always been a major issue. To counter this, Raja Chanda built the stepwell. 

Why was Chand Baori built?

Chand Baori was majorly built to store water. Also, the primal reason for building the stepwell was to cater as an adjunct to the neighboring Harshat Mata temple.

Another reason to build the stepwell was to create a venue for entertainment and performing arts.

How do I get to Chand baori?

Chand Baori is accessible only by road. The nearest city to the Abhaneri village is Jaipur. One can take the Jaipur-Agra highway to reach the Abhaneri village.

Why is it called Stepwell?

Four sides are surrounding the ground and the ground mainly accumulates water. Out of the four sides, three sides have vertical steps installed which helps in the flow of water to the bottom.

Due to this, water gets stored in the ground creating a kind of ‘storage space’.

Why were stepwells built in olden days?

The most important reason to build a stepwell was to store water. With years passing by, step-wells became a popular spot for public gatherings and in conducting religious events.

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