In the lead up to the Centenary of Federation in 2001, the development of Federation Square offered a unique opportunity – the chance to celebrate the ideas of ‘identity’ and ‘place’ through a much needed civic and cultural space. Over the last two hundred years the site had been home to the city morgue, a fish market, corporate offices and rail yards. While planners had long dreamed of linking the CBD to the Yarra River, the divide created by the railway yards had consistently thwarted further development. Given its bold architectural form and large aspiration, the project had it share of changes to the brief, controversy over the design and costs, heated debate, and skepticism. Since opening on 26 October 2002 however, Federation Square has been embraced by locals and visitors alike, with an average of more than 10 million visits each year. Fed Square is made up of a series of interlocking and cascading spaces. Buildings open at all angles in the city, creating unexpected connections and vistas. In response to the brief, the design was heavily influenced by the idea of ‘Federation’, of bringing disparate parts together to form a coherent whole.