Things to Do in Bihar

From Attending the blissful Chhath Festival to Witnessing and taking part in the Madhubani Art, from enjoying an Elephant Safari in Valmiki Nagar to visiting the Birthplace of Sita - Sitakund, you will find a plethora of things and activities to do in Bihar. Ranging from watching the monks roaming in saffron robes to indulging in the water-based adventures along the rivers, you will be rewarded with a plethora of things to do in Bihar.

Known for its prosperous ancient history, flavoursome food and religious aura, Bihar is an amazing tourist destination. Whether you are an adventure enthusiast looking for some thrill or looking for solace and serenity, the shores of Ganges will not leave any stone unturned. While activities like riding a hot air balloon takes you higher in the air to enjoy the aerial view of the state’s some of the most scenic gems, a session of caving in Saptaparni Caves further lets you explore the hidden locations within the earth. 

Bihar is one of those places which is perfect for all kinds of trips. Whether you are travelling with your friends group or are on a romantic trip with your partner, the activities and adventures available here have a wide diversity in them to fit for everyone. Other than all this, spots like the Rajgir Nature Reserve and Valmiki Tiger Reserve act as the perfect spots to indulge in safaris and animal walking tracks. Loaded with religious as well as cultural sites, the activities to do in Bihar are not limited. Its shopping destinations, the ropeways to the temples and the hiking trails act as a magnet to the adventurous souls. One of the most advisable things which one must do in Bihar is to take part in the auspicious Chhath Festival. 

Places like the Kanwar Lake Bird Sanctuary lets you get closer to nature by offering activities like bird watching and boating. You can also mark your spot at Telhar Kund to spend some time cooling off in a small water pool. Apart from all this, the mighty stream of river Ganga further makes sure that you enjoy a session of Kayaking in its splendid waters. Overall, this off the beat tracks of Bihar will load your vacation with numerous experiences.
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Bodhi Tree, Bodhgaya

Lying on the left side of the famous Mahabodhi Temple, the Bodhi Tree is considered to be a Central Symbol In Buddhism. Also known as the Bo tree, the Bodhi tree is the sacred tree under which Lord Gautama Buddha attained enlightenment. Before attaining enlightenment, Buddha meditated under this tree for more than a month.

The Bodhi Tree present here today is believed to be the fifth succession of the original tree. The tree is encircled by intricately carved votive stupas, a number of Buddha statues, and chaityas. On your visit to this place, you can find many Buddhist monks sitting under the Bodhi tree, meditating or reading.

 5 AM to 9 PM

The Bodhi Tree lies to the left of the Mahabodhi Tree. The sacred Bodhi tree is located within the premises of the temple and is a part of the temple complex.

Historical Facts:
- The current Bodhi Tree stands at the same site where the original Bodhi tree, under which Buddha attained nirvana, once stood.
- Sidhartha meditated under the holy Fig tree for more than a month before finally attaining moksha.
- December 8 marks the enlightenment of Buddha under the Bodhi tree and is celebrated annually across the globe as Bodhi Day.

- As per popular beliefs, Sanghamitra, the daughter of Emperor Ashoka carried a branch of the original Bodhi tree in Bodh Gaya to Sri Lanka and planted the same in Anuradhapura city.
- That Bodhi Tree in Sri Lanka is still alive and is considered to be the oldest documented tree on the earth.
- The present Bodhi Tree in Bodh Gaya has grown from a sapling carried here from the Bodhi tree in Sri Lanka.

Takht Sri Patna Sahib

The Takht Sri Patna Sahib is a gorgeous, sprawling gurudwara, built on the banks of the Ganges in honour of Shri Guru Gobind Singh. The gurdwara was built in the 18th century by Maharaja Ranjit Singh as a symbol of respect and devotion to his guru. This majestic shrine with its striking white façade is one of the holiest and most sacred places to visit in Bihar.

It is built in typical Sikh style, with intricate architecture, lots of open spaces, laced windows and arches and much more. Of the five takhts of Sikhism, The Takht Sri Patna Sahib is believed to be the second Takht. The Prakash Parv festival is celebrated with fervour every year and is attended by devotees from all over the country.

 Takhat Sri Harmandir ji, Patna Sahib, Patna, Bihar 800008

Monday to Sunday (5:00 a.m. – 9:00 p.m.)

Historical Facts:
- The gurdwara was constructed by Maharaja Ranjit Singh
- The purpose of the Gurudwara was to commemorate the birthplace of Guru Gobind Singh
- Guru Gobind Singh was the Tenth Sikh Guru, born in December 1666.
- The construction of the gurdwara was completed in the 18th century
- The gurdwara is also known as Harmandir Sahib
- Thousands of Sikhs visit the place every year to pay their respects
- The Gurudwara is built on the banks of the Ganges
- It is made entirely out of white stone, and its striking white façade makes it a beautiful architectural marvel as well
- The Prakash Parv festival is celebrated with great ceremony at the gurudwara every year

Mahabodhi Temple, Bodh Gaya

The Mahabodhi Temple in Bodh Gaya is perhaps the most important Buddhist temple in the world. It is built on the exact spot where it is believed that Gautama meditated and attained moksha and became the Buddha. The magnificent temple has been constructed to honour this moment in history, while keeping a Bodhi tree under which the Buddha sat, intact beside the temple.

The Mahabodhi Temple is 55 metres high and is built over an area of 4.8 hectares. The original version of this temple was built by King Ashoka, which has since been replaced with a bigger, more intricate structure. You can see a beautiful golden statue of the Buddha inside, made entirely of black stone.

Bodh Gaya, Bihar 824231

Monday to Sunday (5:00 a.m. – 9:00 p.m.)

Historical Facts:
- There is a sacred Bodhi tree onsite, which is a descendent of the same tree under which the Buddha sat and attained enlightenment
- The Mahabodhi Tree has been an important pilgrimage site for Buddhists and Hindus for over 2,000 years
- The original temple was built by King Ashoka in 260 BCE
- Today, the temple is a UNESCO World Heritage Site

- The oldest elements of the Mahabodhi Temple made by King Ashoka can now be seen in a museum
- There is an intricately carved stone railing that surrounds the temple complex
- The temple is constructed out of bricks that are covered with stucco
- The temple is 55 metres high and occupies an area of 4.8 hectares

Glass Floor Bridge, Rajgir

One of the most exciting architectural marvels coming up in Bihar is the Glass-Floor Bridge, a massive skywalk whose specialty is its transparent floor. The bridge is supposed to be around 85 feet in length and 6 feet wide. The bridge is being constructed in the midst of five picturesque hills in the Rajgir area of Bihar.

Up to 40 tourists can be accommodated on the bridge at the same time, who can observe the surrounding natural beauty through the clear glass floor and the surrounding open spaces on the bridge. Once the bridge is open to the public, you can also enjoy other activities such as ziplining, nature park safaris, picnics, and much more in the surroundings of the bridge.

Location: Rajgir, Nalanda District, Bihar 803116, located at a distance of 95 km from Patna

Importance: The Glass Floor Bridge is only the second bridge of its kind in India, the other one being the famous Lakshman Jhula in Rishikesh. Several other attractions including a ropeway, nature safaris, glass cabins, nature reserves, adventure activities, and parks are also going to be on offer


The length of the Glass Floor Bridge is set to be around 85 feet, and 6 feet in width.

- The bridge is being built at a height of 400 feet above the ground and can accommodate up to 40 people at a time.

- It is being built by the Bihar Government, in a bid to promote tourism in the state.

- The bridge is surrounded by 5 towering hills in Rajgir.

Golghar, Patna
Stemming from the center of a lush green garden, Golghar's stupa-shaped structure is an enticing sight to behold. It is surrounded by a flight of 145 stairs that take you up to the top, from where you can see a view of the whole city. A serene feeling includes the gentle wind sweeping over the zenith as you glimpse the sight of the ancient city that lies ahead of you.

Besides that, you can also plan for a picnic in the garden, which lies in this attraction. In an attempt to increase the influx of tourists to Golghar, a sound and light show was introduced here too. Visit this place with friends and relatives for a day out.

Location: Opp.-Govt. Girls High school, Ashok Rajpath Rd, Patna, Bihar. 
Golghar is located west of the Gandhi Maidan.

Historical Facts: The Golghar was intended to be one of the first “stores” for grain storage Ordered by Warren Hastings in 1784, the beehive-shaped structure was designed by Captain John Garstin of the Bengal Engineers and was fully constructed on 20th of July 1786.

-The construction has a height of 29 metres that exhibits the brilliance of Stupa Architecture.
-The Golghar is one of those constructions which does not have any pillar and is sustained only by a wall of thickness 3.6m. 
-Having around 145 stairs, the stairs of Golghar are made in a spiral manner, thus giving a proper authentic feel. 

Climatic conditions: The area around Golghar has subtropical climatic conditions

What special it has: When visiting Golghar, make sure that you climb to its top and catch the wonderful panoramic view of the city and the majestic river Ganga.

Best time to visit: Winters, between November to April.
Vishnupad Temple, Gaya

As its name suggests, the majestic Vishnupad Temple is dedicated to the Hindu god Lord Vishnu and houses a 40 cm long footprint of the Lord, which is sheltered by a silver plated basin. This footprint signifies the act of the Lord subduing Gayasur into the surface of the earth by placing his feet on his chest.

Inside the Vishnu Temple, you can also find several other shrines, dedicated to Lord Phalgwisvara and Lord Narasimha. Built back in 1787, Vishnupad Temple is one of the most important places of worship for the Hindus in Gaya and one of the many famous places to visit in Bihar.

6.30 AM to 7.30 PM

Vishnupad Temple is located on the banks of the Phalgu river in Gaya, Bihar.

Historical Facts:
- The Vishnupad Temple has a footprint of Lord Vishnu incised into a basalt block and known as Dharmasila.
- The date of the original construction of the temple is not yet known. According to popular mythological beliefs Lord Rama had visited this place with Mata Sita.
- The present shrine was remodelled in 1787 by the ruler of Indore, Devi Ahilya Bai Holkar.
- For the construction of the temple, Ahilya Bai Holkar had sent her officers to fetch the best stone of the region and they returned with Munger Black Stone.
- As there wasn’t any good road and the mountains were located far away from Gaya, the officers of Ahilya Bai Holkar found another mountain near the village of Bathani to carve and easily get the stones to Gaya.
- Highly skilled craftsmen were brought from Rajasthan to build the Vishnupad Temple, keeping the footprint of Lord Vishnu in the centre.

- The 30 meters high Vishnupad Temple features 8 rows of carved pillars that support the pavilion.
- This east-facing octagonal temple is made of huge blocks of grey granite attached together by iron clamps.
- The 100 meters tall pyramidal tower features sloping sides with alternately plain and indented sections that are set in such a way that they make for an array of peaks joined at the top.

Jal Mandir, Pawapuri

Located in Pawapuri, the Jalmandir is dedicated to Lord Mahavira, the 24th Tirthankara, and is a very important pilgrimage destination for the Jains. This place is the same site where Lord Mahavira was cremated after he attained moksha in 527 BC.

Standing true to its name, Jal Mandir is completely surrounded by water on all four sides and is considered to be one of the best places to visit in Bihar. The temple is built in the form of a chariot with white marbles and has a footprint of Lord Mahavira. The temple is connected to the bank by a long bridge, through which it can be accessed.

6 AM to 12 PM & 3 PM to 9 PM

Pawapuri.JAL.mandir, more, rod, Pavapuri, Bihar 803115

Historical Facts:
- Jal Mandir was constructed originally by the elder brother of Lord Mahavira, King Nandivardhan amidst the pond filled with Lotus flowers.
- Jal Mandir is one of the 5 temples in Pawapuri, where the footprint of Lord Mahavira is deified.
- Lord Mahavira was originally a prince of the Magadha Kingdom, which was then known as “Pawapuri” or “Madhyama Pawa”. At the age of 30, he became an ascetic.
- During Chaturmas and between the months of Āṣārh (22 June To 22 July) and Kartik (October/November), the Jain nuns and monks stay at one sacred place and preach the teachings of the religion to the local people.

- Translating to "Temple In Water" in English, Jal Mandir is made of white marble and set within a water tank, which measures around 84 Bigha.
- The water surrounding the temple is covered with beautiful lotuses with the chariot-shaped temple sitting in the middle. The water is home to many fish that are fed by the devotees and priests of the temple.
- The temple is connected to the bank of the water tank by a 600 feet long stone bridge.
- During moonlit nights, Jal Mandir shines brightly offering a breathtaking sight to behold.

Thai Monastery, Bodh Gaya

Established back in 1957 by the combined effort of Buddhist monks and the government of Thailand, the magnificent Thai Monastery aims at preaching the philosophies of Buddhism. The architecture of the monastery and the customs and rituals practiced here offer a deep insight of the rich Thai culture.

The temple flaunts a curved sloping roof adorned with stunning golden tiles. The Thai Monastery is also home to a 25 meters tall intricately carved bronze statue of Lord Buddha, which rests in the garden of the temple. You can also see many carved images of Lord Buddha, Buddhist objects, and Buddhist symbols displayed inside the monastery.

7 AM to 7 PM

Near Buddha Statue, Bodh Gaya, India

How old:
The Thai Monastery was constructed in the year 1957 by the government of Thailand and the Indian Buddhist monks to propagate Buddhist philosophies.

- The Thai Monastery showcases the rich colours of the Thai tradition and culture with its stunning architecture and important customs and rituals.
- The monks and residents of the monastery also play a key role in propagating the ideologies of Lord Buddha among the masses.

- The Thai Monastery features sloping curved roofs covered with beautiful golden tiles and has a beautiful exterior that should not be missed.
- The temple houses a magnificent carved bronze statue of Lord Buddha on its premises.
- The temple oozes out a serene and silent atmosphere, which makes it a must-visit religious destination in Bodh Gaya.
- Inside the temple, you can find a number of carved images depicting the life of Lord Buddha.
- Many significant Buddhist symbols and sacred Buddhist objects are showcased inside the monastic temples.

Hargauri Temple, Kishanganj
Located in the block of Thakurganj, in the Kishanganj district of Bihar, the Hargauri Temple gets its name from Lord Mahadev and Goddess Parvati, a co-joined statue of which has been safely sitting in the temple for many years.

Considered to be of immense religious significance, the temple is frequented by devotees far and wide to perform Jalabhishek, rudrabhishek and other rituals for seeking their holy blessings. People from all over Bihar and nearby states come to the Hargauri Temple every year during Shivratri to offer holy water and seek blessings from the Shivling here. 

 06:00 a.m. to 06:00 p.m. 

The Hargauri Temple is located in the Thakurganj Block of Kishanganj, around 405 kilometres from Patna

Historical Facts:
-The temple is believed to be at least 100 years old.
-The Hargauri Temple celebrated its Golden Jubilee in 2000.
-Legends suggest that the zamindar of Tagore Estate found the statues of Lord Mahadev and Goddess Parvati joined together in one stone, and thus built this temple.
Kesaria Stupa, East Champaran

As its name suggests, Kesariya Stupa is a majestic Buddhist Stupa lying in Kesariya in the Champaran district of Bihar. Constructed under the commands of emperor Ashoka, Kesaria Stupa happens to be the biggest and tallest Buddhist stupa in the whole world.

The stupa is built at the same site, where Lord Buddha donated his begging bow during his last days. Adorned with a myriad of impressive Buddhist statues, this stupa is a brilliant epitome of traditional Buddist architecture. Certain parts of this stupa are in their ruins as a result of the invasion made by Muslim rulers in the times gone by.

5 AM to 6 PM

Kesariya Road, Tajpur Deur, Champaran District, Bihar 845424

How old: 
The initial construction of the Kesaria Stupa began in the 3rd century BCE.

The gigantic Kesariya Stupa has a height of around 104 feet with a circumference of about 400 feet.

Bihar Museum, Patna

The Bihar Museum is a popular attraction in Patna that gives visitors an insight into Bihar's past while instilling pride and reverence in the hearts of  Young visitors. Further, this museum has been a  recent addition to the list of attractions. Meanwhile, the century-old Patna Museum ran out of space, and thus, this was one of the key reasons to build the museum and to display the artifacts. Hence, the Bihar Museum is where tourists should visit to find information about Bihar's past.

Historical Facts: 
-The children's museum', the main entrance area, and an orientation theatre were the only parts opened to the public in August 2015
-Various displays here are so old, that they date back to the fourth century.
-The Museum was fully opened in 2017.

-The Bihar Museum covers an area of 25000 sq. metres.
-The museum is a six storey building, where each floor has something different to offer.
-Its architecture consists of four exhibition galleries, a lobby, an administration gallery and a permanent gallery. 

Location: Jawaharlal Nehru Marg, Bailey Rd, Patna, Bihar 800001.

Patna Museum

This fascinating museum in Patna dates back to 1917 when it was constructed. It is home to over 50,000 artefacts that brilliantly showcase the colourful, diverse and ancient history of Bihar and its surroundings. The museum building itself is a wonderful specimen of the Mughal and Rajput style of architecture.

One of the most exciting exhibits at the museum is the Holy Relic Casket which contains the ashes of the Buddha. There are also several terracotta sculptures, ancient paintings, coins and other relics that date back to as far as the Middle Ages. You can explore several galleries that display the remains found from nearby excavation sites. These remains are a testament to the rich and fascinating history of India and its olden residents.

Buddh Marg Lodipur Patna Bihar-800001.

Timings: Tuesday to Sunday (10:00 a.m. – 5:00 p.m.)

Historical Facts:
- The purpose of the museum was to house the many relics and artifacts that were being excavated in the vicinity of Patna by the British.
- The museum was constructed after the partition of Bihar and Bengal.
- It was created with the express purpose of helping the British conserve their resources and showcase their discoveries.
- The construction and curation of the museum was completed in 1982.
- It was the first museum of its kind in the Bihar and Orissa Province.
- It was inaugurated by the then Governor of Bihar and Orissa.

- Archaeological objects excavated from nearby sites
-Coins from ancient kingdoms
- Paintings and other works of art
- Ancient instruments
- Hand-woven and hand-painted textiles
- Thankas
- Bronze sculptures
- The ashes of the Buddha
- Terracotta figurines and structures

Indosan Nippon Japanese Temple, Bodh Gaya
Established back in 1972 with funds from the Japanese government, the Indosan Nippon Japanese Temple offers the perfect amalgamation of Japanese architecture and Buddhist culture. Carved out entirely of wood, the temple resembles a typical Japanese shrine.

The temple also exhibits a host of Japanese-style paintings that depict various significant events from the life of Buddha. The sanctum is also home to an idol of Lord Buddha, which is worshipped by the monks and devotees every day.

Timings: 5 AM to 12 PM & 2 PM to 6 PM

Location: The Indosan Nippon Japanese Temple happens to be a popular Buddhist temple located beside the Royal Bhutan Monastery in Bodh Gaya. This temple lies at a distance of 1 kilometers from Bodhgaya Bus Station and 500 meters from the Great Buddha Statue.

-The Indosan Nippon Japanese Temple was constructed for preserving and propagating the beliefs of Lord Gautama Buddha.
-The temple flaunts an impressive Japanese architectural design and stands as an epitome of Buddhist culture and tradition.
-The temple features beautiful intricate wooden carvings that add a unique charm to its overall architecture.
-The walls of the shrine showcase beautiful inscriptions taken from the teachings of Lord Gautama Buddha.
-The gallery of the Indosan Nippon Japanese Temple exhibits Japanese paintings depicting significant events from the life of Buddha.

Historical Facts: The Indosan Nippon Japanese Temple was constructed using the funds donated by the government of Japan for promoting Buddhism in India in 1972.
Royal Bhutan Monastery, Bodh Gaya
The Royal Bhutan Monastery gets its name from the fact that it was constructed by the King of Bhutan with the purpose of paying homage to Lord Gautama Buddha. Stunning clay carvings can be found on the interior walls of the monastery, showcasing various facets of Buddhist culture.

The monastery is home to a gigantic 7 feet statue of Lord Gautama Buddha, which is carved amazingly with Buddhist sculptures. There is also a temple and a guesthouse on the premises of the Royal Bhutan Monastery, therefore making it one of the must visit places in Bihar.

Timings: 7 AM to 12 PM & 2 PM to 5 PM

Location: The Royal Bhutan Monastery is a stunning Buddhist monastery and temple located in Bodh Gaya in Bihar. Lying beside Wat Thai Bodh Gaya, this monastery is situated at an approximate distance of one kilometer from Bodh Gaya Bus Station and 500 meters from Giant Buddha Statue.

Historical Facts:
-Constructed under the orders of the King of Bhutan, The Royal Bhutan Monastery pays a tribute to Lord Gautam Buddha and makes for one of the most impressive Buddhist monasteries in Bodh Gaya.
-The monastery features beautiful clay carvings that depict various important events from the life of Lord Buddha.
-The monastery offers a calm and peaceful atmosphere, where devotees can learn and practice Buddhism.

-Flaunting traditional Bhutanese architecture, the Royal Bhutan Monastery houses a rest house for the monks and a beautiful temple.
-The temple inside the Royal Bhutan Monastery is home to a 7 feet tall statue of Lord Buddha that is carved with Buddhist scriptures and symbols.
-The monastery features a guesthouse having a total of 15 rooms.
-Devotees do not have to pay anything for staying in the guesthouse. However, they may donate some amount for the expenditure and maintenance of the monastery.
-The monastery hosts several events including peace prayers and guided individual and group meditation.
Tutla Bhawani Waterfall, Rohtas
Also referred to as Tutrahi and Tutla Dham, the postcard-perfect Tutla Bhawani Waterfall lies in the Rohtas district of Bihar. The waterfall is surrounded by two gigantic mountains, which converge to form a spectacular vedant valley.

There is also a charming waterfall in the middle with the serene Kachuar river flowing amidst the valley. All the magical splendors of nature put in a place creates a fascinating scenery to soak in.

Timings: 7 AM to 5 PM

Location: Tutla Bhawani Waterfall is situated around 20 kilometers southwest of Dehri-on-sone. There are two majestic mountains one on south-east and the other on north-west, which converge and form a lush valley that extends to a mile. 

Historical Facts: One of the most exquisite attractions in Rohtas, the picturesque Tutla Bhawani Waterfall is named after Maa Tutla Bhawani Temple and is encompassed by two mesmerizing mountain ranges.
Nalanda University
Said to be the oldest university in the world, Nalanda University is amongst the earliest pioneers of learning. In addition to being a UNESCO World Heritage Site, the university has origins that date back to as early as the 3rd century, and the entire structure spreads across 14 hectares of land.

It has been referenced in some of the oldest epics of India as well as in the travelogues of Hiuen Tsang. Designated as an “Institution of National Importance,” Nalanda University also boasts of one of the best architectures in the world, and is a famous attraction for tourists visiting the region. 

Timings: 09:00 a.m. to 05:00 p.m. 

Location: Nalanda University is located in the town of Rajgir, around 93.3 kilometers from Patna. 

Historical Facts:
-Nalanda University was founded during the Gupta Dynasty.
-It was patronized by several rulers, including King Harshavardhana of Kannauj during the 7th century and the Pala rulers between the 8th and 12th centuries.
-The university taught students the Great Wheel, Vedas, Literature, Mathematics, Medicine as well as all the eighteen sects of Buddhism.
-The university was attacked thrice by invaders, including Bhaktiyar Khilji, the Huns as well as the Goudas.
-In the bygone times, the university was the only international university in the world and was home to uncountable books and manuscripts; which is why it kept on burning for six months after the structure caught fire.

-Nalanda University is said to be the ancient seat of learning.
-The University was reopened after 800 years in September 2014.
-It aims to exchange ideas through education and shared heritage.
Manjhar & Dhuan Kund Waterfall, Rohtas
Situated on Kaimur Hill, the Manjhar Kund and Dhuan Kund waterfalls are some of the most beautiful and verdant natural attractions in the region. The Manjhar Kund is also the site of the traditional fair that is held on the first Sunday after the festival of Raksha Bandhan is celebrated here every year.

Furthermore, the water of the Dhuan Kund Waterfall also helps to generate electricity in the region. In addition to holding religious significance, both the waterfalls are also great to enjoy fun-filled picnics and other activities. The waterfalls also offer scenic views of the surrounding hills and jungle canopy, and are perfect to spend a getaway at, away from the busy city streets of Rohtas. 

Location: Manjhar Dhuan Kund Waterfall is located in Sasaram, in the Rohtas district in Bihar, around 158.3 kilometres from Patna.
Best Time To Visit: It is the most beautiful spot and scenic place in Sawan. There is a tradition of fair on the first sunday after the Raksha Bandhan festival.

Historical Facts:
-Manjhar Kund is said to be the place where the people of the Sikh community used to carry the Guru Granth Sahib and stay for three days
-The water of the kund is considered to be rich in natural minerals and helps to digest food.
Karkat Waterfall, Kaimur
Located in the Karkatgarh Village in the Kaimur district of Bihar, the Karkat Waterfall used to be a natural habitat for crocodiles. The Karkat Waterfall was considered to be the finest waterfall by the British officer Henry Ramsay, as it is not only pristine, but is also surrounded by verdant landscapes.

Now a part of the Kaimur Wildlife Sanctuary, the waterfall also serves as a crocodile conservation reserve and eco-tourism spot. You can visit the Karkat Waterfall throughout the year.

The Karkat Waterfall is located near the Kaimur Hills in Bihar, around 110 kilometres from Patna  

Historical Facts:
-The waterfall used to serve as a crocodile hunting place for Mughal rulers and British officials
-British officials also constructed a majestic dak bungalow nearby, which offers stunning views of the pristine waterfall

-The waterfall is part of the Kaimur Wildlife Sanctuary, which is one of the largest sanctuaries in Bihar
-The waterfall serves as a drinking spot to a wide array of animals, including nilgai, the four-horned antelope, sambar deer, chital, sloth bear, Indian boar, leopards as well as Bengal tigers
-The waterfall is also a great place for birdwatching, where you can catch sights of birds like the greater spotted eagle, kingfisher, nightjar, wood pigeon, grey partridge, grey-headed fish eagle, owls and others
Kakolat Waterfall, Nawada

Cascading to the ground from a height of 160 feet, the Kakolat Waterfalls is one of the most picturesque places to visit in Bihar. It provides an excellent respite from the heat because the water of this waterfall remains cool and pleasant throughout the year.

Several tourists flock to the area for a relaxing swim in the pool below. The greenery surrounding the waterfall also provides ample shade for picnics and relaxing nature walks. The Kakolat Waterfall also has a spiritual significance, since it is believed that Lord Krishna used to frequent this place for baths. Hence, several devotees flock to this place for a holy dip in the pool as well.

Kakolat, Nawada district, Bihar, India

Monday to Sunday (8:00 a.m. – 5:00 p.m.)

Historical Facts:
- Legends says that during the Treta Yuga Epoch, a King was entrapped in Kakolat due to a curse
- The curse was put upon him by a Rishi, who forced him to take the shape of a snake
- The King only got Salvation when the Pandavas visited Kakolat during their exile
- After he was free of the curse, the King proclaimed that anyone who would bathe in the water of these falls, would be free from the Yoni of the snake
- This legend is the reason several Hindus flock to the falls to take a dip
- It is also believed that Lord Krishna used to bathe in these falls

- During Chaitra Sankranti or Baisakhi, a massive festival is held in Kakolat
- It was believed that Lord Krishna used to come to this place with his queens for a bath. 
- Devotees from all over the country visit this waterfall during the Baisakhi period

Valmiki National Park, Bettiah

The Valmiki National Park, Tiger Reserve, and Wildlife Sanctuary is home to the largest stretch of grassland in the country.  The Park is located in the West Champaran District in Bihar that straddles the India-Nepal border in North-East India. The National Park is located on the banks of the picturesque River Gandak.

The Valmiki National Park is the only National Park in Bihar, but one of the most famous national parks in the country, home to a massive population of animals, birds, plants, and reptiles. You can discover 7 different types of landscapes in this National Park, including dense forests, swampland, rivers, valleys, and much more. It has thrived and existed since its establishment in 1990.

Bettiah, Bihar 84510 

Area Covered:
880 sq. km

Present Wildlife found:
- The Valmiki National Park is home to one of the largest populations of tigers in the country.
- Some of the other animals that have found shelter in this park include deer, wild cats, monkeys, flying fox bats, one-horned rhinos, hyenas, clouded leopards, sambhars and much more.
- There are several watchtowers placed strategically throughout the natural reserve to let you observe these beautiful animals in their natural habitat.
- Another exciting way to interact with the thriving wildlife at the Valmiki National Park is by signing up for an open-air jeep safari.
- A guide can take you into the right areas to show you some of the most beautiful animals that have made the park their home.

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Bihar Things To Do FAQs

What are the best things to do in Bihar?

1. Attend the Chhath Festival: Celebrated just a week after the auspicious festival of Diwali, Chhath Pooja is one of the very famous festivals in Bihar. Spanning over four days, this festival is dedicated to the Sun God and to worship him, rigorous rituals are followed.

Attend this festival around the months of October or November and experience the whole city turn into a big lively temple. During this time, you can watch the locals taking a bath in ganges while performing pooja. Visiting the ghats in the evening and taking part in the prayers is truly considered one of the best things to do in Bihar.

2. Witness and take part in the Madhubani Art: Indian art and crafts have been a diverse affair and almost every region/state has its own art style. The Madhubani Art, also known as the “Mithila Painting” is done using various equipment, many of which are fingers, palms, and even matchsticks.

The art includes the use of some eye catching geometrical patterns and shapes filled with diverse colours and pigments. You can easily take part in Madhubani art classes and try your hand at this unusual style of painting.

Location: Mithila Art Classes, East of Babu Sahib Chowk, near Bollywood Dance School, Ward No.6, Madhubani, Bihar, 847211
Price: INR 1500 to INR 2000 for one session
Timings: 8:00 AM to 5:00 PM

3. Elephant Safari in Valmiki Nagar: Experience a serious rush in adrenaline as you follow the lush green trails in Valmiki Nagar while riding an elephant. Cross the gushing streams, feed the little babies and if you are lucky enough, you might also get a chance to bathe them.

Apart from this, the elephant safari will provide you with a once in a lifetime chance to gaze at various other wild animals. Whether you are a wildlife enthusiast or a peace seeker, this experience is going to baffle each kind of traveller.

Location: Valmiki Nagar, Betiah, Bihar
Price: INR 750 to INR 1500 per person

4. Visit the Birthplace of Sita - Sitakund: The hot springs of Sita Kund have become one of the most famous and popular tourist attractions of Bihar. Considering the age old stories according to the holy book of “Ramcharitramanas”, this was the place where the goddess gave “Agnipariksha”.

Along the hot spring, a temple was made more than a hundred years ago where prayers and festivals are observed. Visiting this holy spot and indulging in poojas and aarti is considered to be one of the best things to do in Bihar.

Location: Sitakund, Nankar, Bihar

5. Admire the Architecture of Navlakha Palace: The Navlakha Palace, also known as the Rajnagar Palace is located in the Rajnagar town of Bihar. Built by the maharaja of Darbhanga, Raja Rameshwar Singh, the palace dates back to the nineteenth century.

The architecture of the temple is famed for its intricate carvings and its indestructible foundation which saved it from various earthquakes and other natural calamities. Visiting this palace will provide you with a chance to admire the brilliance of ancient Indian craftsmanship.

Location: Navlakha Palace Campus, Rajnagar, Bihar 847236
Timings: 10:00 AM to 6:00 PM

6. Seek blessings at Jalmandir: Considered to be one of the holiest places among Jainism, Jalmandir is the place where lord Mahavira took his Samadhi back in 500 BCE. There is a lake around the temple which is believed to have originated naturally just the day after samadhi.

A white marble temple has been built here which is open for all. You can visit here and seek blessings at the temple and attain nirvana. Visiting Jal Mandir and indulging in prayers is counted among some of the most famous things to do in Bihar.

Location: Pawapuri, Bihar 803115
Timings: 6:00 AM to 12:00 PM & 3:00 PM to 9:00 PM

7. Take part in the Sonepur Fair: Experienced around the months of November and December, the Sonepur Fair is considered to be one of the best things to do in Bihar. Originally a cattle fair, this event has become a global affair, attracting tourists from various corners of the world.

From small food stalls to shops selling souvenirs, one can enjoy various entertainment options here. Other than these, one can witness various cattle groups, finely groomed to attract the buyers. From animal dances to other fun events, one can take part in various entertainment options here.

Location: Sonepur, Bihar
Timings: 21 November to 22 December

8. Trekking in Rajgir: While opting for trekking in Rajgir, you will be rewarding yourself with a chance to climb the oldest cyclopean wall. You will be guided all the way up by a professional guide till you reach the desired stop.

Other than the wall, the Rajgir Hills are also accessible through various other hiking trails, which are not only thrilling, but are loaded with various dramatic passages. Overall, a hiking trail here will let you enjoy some of the most energetic moments, including jumping over sloppy trails and using ropes to climb small distances.

Location: Patna, Bihar
Timing: 10:00 AM to 8:00 PM
Price: INR 4000 to INR 5000 per person

9. Visit Kakolat Waterfall: Gushing from a height of 160 feet, the Kakolat Waterfall is one of the most scenic waterfalls in Bihar. The major fact which lures visitors towards the waterfall is the surrounding medicinal plants. The mineral rich water of this gushing stream has made it possible for these plants to grow, thus adding more beauty to this location.

Reaching here is an adventure in itself as you will have to traverse through various thrilling paths to finally reach this hidden gem.

Timing: 10:00 AM to 10:00 PM
Price: INR 2400 to INR 3000 per person

10. Enjoy serenity at the Vulture Peak: Standing at an elevation of 400 metres above sea level, the Vulture peak is a go to place amidst hiking enthusiasts. Other than being an activity spot, this place comes under the list of some of the holiest places in Bihar.

It was here where lord Buddha preached the Lotus Sutra. You can easily climb its terrains and reach the top to enjoy a panoramic view of the surrounding greens. Other than the rolling hills, this location will also let you enjoy the beautiful scenery of the sunset, making this one of the most famous things to do in Bihar.

Location: Holy Eagle Peak, Rajgir, Bihar

11. Visit the Sher Shah Suri Tomb: Built in the memory of Sher Shah Suri, a Pathan from Bihar who defeated a Mughal Emperor, this tomb dates back to 1545 AD. This imposing structure is an excellent example of the combination of Indian and Afghani architecture and by visiting here, you will be treating yourself with beautiful sights of carvings and paintings.

Since the tomb lies in the middle of an artificial lake, you will find numerous spots to click some memorable pictures.

Location: J P Nagar, Laxkariganj, Sasaram, Bihar 821115
Entry Fee: INR 5 for Indians and INR 100 for tourists
Timings: 6:00 AM to 6:00 PM

12. Uncover history at Vikramshila Ruins: Once a very important site of learning in India during the Pala Empire period, the Vikramshila has been turned into ruins by the times gone by. According to the stories, the local king got angry with the degrading quality of knowledge in Nalanda, thus built his own university where rich and poor learned together.

Visiting here, you will find numerous walls and pillars loaded with carvings and paintings which are no less than a marvel. Visiting here and uncovering the history is considered to be one of the best things to do in Bihar as you will get knowledge of various historical happenings.

Location: Vikramshila, Antichak, Bihar
Entry fee: INR 5 to INR 100 per person
Timings: 10:00 AM to 5:00 PM

13. Birdwatching at Kanwar Lake Bird Sanctuary: All the nature enthusiasts and birding fanatics can visit this and enjoy the view.

Being a home to more than 60 species of local as well as migratory birds, this bird sanctuary has been a go to spot for the locals as well as tourists. The most famous aspect of this spot is the lake, due to which numerous birds are attracted, which further makes spotting them an easy affair. All these facilities and aspects makes birdwatching here one of the most interesting things to do in Bihar.

Location: Begusarai district, Bihar, India

14. Visit the Barabar Caves: Claiming to be the oldest rock cut caves in India, the Barabar caves are considered to be dating back to 322 BCE to 185 BCE. Exhibiting the brilliance of Indian rock-cut architecture, these caves are still standing without any diverse changes or breakage.

Inside the caves lie numerous small passages( walls of the caves are covered with ancient carvings and paintings). The caves were made in such a way that it would become difficult for attackers to identify, thus can still be seen covered with large rocks and boulders. Visiting here and indulging in some photography is considered to be one of the best things to do in Bihar.

Location: Barabar Hill Road, Barabar, Sultanpur, Bihar 804405
Timings: 10:00 AM to 10:00 PM

15. Take a religious tour to Bodhgaya: Considered to be one of the most peaceful places in Bihar, the small town of Bodhgaya is counted as a very famous pilgrimage among Buddhism.

This place is believed to house the “Bodhi Tree” under which Gautama Buddha attained enlightenment. The whole town of Bodhgaya has six such sites and all of which attract tourists, especially the Buddhists from all corners of the world. You can visit the Lotus Pond, the Sculpture of Buddha, the Bodhi Tree and many other scenic spots to enjoy a religious tour of this location.

16. Visit the Thai Monastery: One of the most exquisite monasteries in Bihar, the Thai Monastery will give you a feel as if you are in Thailand itself. With its gated architecture and colourful exterior, this monastery becomes a go to spot for locals and tourists alike. Reflecting the culture and aura of Thailand, this monastery is mostly known for its architecture.

Upon your visit here, you can sight many photography enthusiasts clicking pictures of monks who are busy in meditation. Inside and around the monastery lies a beautifully manicured garden where you can plan a picnic or just roam around for evening walks.

17. Hike to Telhar Waterfall: Follow the scenic trail to the Telhar Waterfall and get delighted by the wonderful scenery that awaits you. The waterfall lies in the close vicinity of the Durgavati River, thus you will be delighted with some joyous sounds of the gushing waters.

The stream of water which falls down creates a shallow pool where you can indulge in swimming as well. However, visiting this waterfall is an adventure in itself as you have to traverse through some scenic as well as dramatic terrains to finally reach the location.

Location: Bhabhua - Adhaura Rd, Karar, Bihar 821102
Timings: 5:00 AM to 5:00 PM

What are the adventure things to do in Bihar?

1. Kayaking in Ganga: One of the most thrilling things to do in Bihar is taking part in Kayaking. Various trails of Ganga offer a perfect opportunity to try hands on this adventure while making sure that you follow all basic safety rules and guidelines.

2. Paramotoring: Experience the cool breeze and enjoy a panoramic scenery as you soar high upto 500 metres in the sky. Take part in Paramotoring and give yourself a chance to witness the most adventurous activities to do in Bihar.

3. Follow the tiger trails: Visit the Valmiki Tiger Reserve and follow the footprints of a tiger while indulging in a tiger following tour. Trek along the narrow pathways as you follow the steps and experience the thrill and fear running through your spine.

4. Try Hands on Go Karting: Taste the thrill as you take part in this one of the best activities to do in Bihar. Compete with your loved ones on the racing tracks specifically made for the Go Karts.

5. Rafting: Experience the rush of adrenaline unparalleled to the other adventures as you take your raft in the waters of Ganges. Experience the different levels of rapids as you traverse through the turvy passages of water.

6. Trekking: The areas around Rajgir Hill are famous for offering some of the most scenic trails. On your way to the top of these hills, you will be provided with a plethora of scenic views as well as dramatic terrains.

7. Hot Air Ballooning: What can be more exhilarating than enjoying a birds eye view of the whole town from way above. By opting for a session of hot air ballooning, you will feel the rush of adrenaline as you soar high and high in the sky.

Which are the best historical tours in Bihar?

1. Heritage Tour of Vaishali: Dating back to 600 BC, Vaishali is a small town loaded with various historical marvels. Now turned into ruins, this was the place where Gautama Buddha delivered his last sermon. This place was also the birthplace of Lord Mahavira.

2. Gaya Heritage Walking Tour: Visit the town of Bodhgaya and traverse through various religious as well as historical spots related to Gautama Buddha. From the giant Buddha Statue to the Mahabodhi Tree, you will be covering various famous locations of this place.

3. Tour of Sasaram: Being a home to a 400 year old tomb, Sasaram is famed for being a very popular historical site. The location exhibits the beauty of Indo-Islamic architecture and various spots here act as a perfect backdrop for your pictures.

4. Saptaparni Cave Tour: Dating back to 600 BCE, this cave is famed for its dramatic terrains and unusual rock formations. A tour here will provide you with much required thrill and adventure.

5. Navlakha Palace Tour: Dating back to the nineteenth century, this historical fort is an art in itself. With intense carvings on the walls and big boulder like structures, the Navlakha Palace becomes a must visit among tourists.

Which are the best religious tours in Bihar?

1. Gaya Tour from Patna: Traverse your way towards Bodhgaya and marvel at the stunning architecture of various ancient Buddhist Buildings. Visit various holy temples on this tour and enjoy a hike to an unusual hill - “the hill of ghosts”.

2. Patna Maner Sharif and Phulwari Sharif Tour: Get a chance to marvel at the architecture of two famous tombs of Bihar - Maner Sharif and Phulwari Sharif. The tour will also let you enjoy the sight of various antiques put on an exhibit at these tombs.

3. Patna-Rajgir Shanti Stupa Tour: Get a chance to take a ropeway towards the Stupa and enjoy the famous and most visited site of Gautama Buddha. Traverse through the prominent sites of Buddhism and feel the calm and peace in your surroundings.

4. Bihar Sharif Tour: One of the most famous activities to do in Bihar is to take up some religious tours and experience the local culture. The Bihar Sharif Tour will take you towards the dargah which is famous for housing evening azaan and various kawali sessions.

5. Ghora Katora Day tour from Patna: Start this one day tour from Patna and traverse towards the scenic abode of Ghora Katora. This lake is located amidst the hilly region and is shaped like a semi circular vessel, hence the name "Katora".

Why is Bihar famous?

Bihar once was a centre of power, learning and culture due to the establishment of Maurya Empire and its Universities. In current days, Bihar has become a centre for the most famous religion - Buddhism due to the various religious sites which lie in its vicinity. Various Buddhist pilgrimage stop at Bodhgaya, a small town in Bihar.

What is the best time to visit Bihar?

The best time when you can plan a trip to Bihar is just after the Monsoons, i.e., from August to March. This is the time when temperature starts dropping and you can experience the best climatic conditions. To take part in its most famous celebrations, you can come over here just after Diwali and enjoy the carnival like vibes.

How to reach Bihar?

- By Air: Bihar has two major airports, one in Patna and one in Gaya. Both of these are well connected to the other corners of the country and one can avail direct flights easily.

- By Rail: Almost every city and town of Bihar has its own railway station which is well connected to other corners of the country. Bhagalpur, Gaya and Patna have the major junctions from where one can easily find running trains anytime.

- By Road: Various National as well as State highways connect Bihar to other states of India. Regular bus as well as cab services can be found at almost every bus stop of Bihar.

What is Bihar best known for?

Bihar is known for being a centre of Buddhism in the current days for housing various religious Buddhist sites in Bodhgaya. Apart from this, Bihar was a centre of learning in the past decades and had various universities in its vicinity, remains of which can still be found.

How long should I spend in Bihar?

To visit most of the major locations and to take part in almost all activities to do in Bihar, a 6 to 7 days long trip will be enough. The first few days can be spent exploring Patna and its surroundings.

One day can be dedicated to Gaya for visiting all the major Buddhist attractions and the remaining time can be dedicated to activities like shopping, water sports in the Ganges and street food tours.

What is the most popular food in Bihar?

Bihar is known for its flavoursome and calorie loaded dishes including Sattu Paratha, Litti Chokha, Bihari Kabab, Bihari Boti, Fish Curry, Posta Dana Ka Halwa, Pantua Jamun, Dal Peda, Parwal Ki Mithai, Khaja Peda etc.

Which place is best for shopping in Bihar?

1. Patna Market, Patna: Exhibiting the brilliance of age old crafting techniques, this market is the best stop if you wish to shop for antiques and decor items.

2. Mithila Village: This small town will let you shop for various souvenirs including the Madhubani Paintings which are drawn using geometrical items and other unusual supplies.

3. Handicraft Emporium: As the name suggests, this small shop in Patna, Bihar is known for the variety of handcrafted items it sells. From clothes to footwear and from decor items to handbags, numerous items can be shopped for here.

4. The Tribal Store: If you wish to shop for jewellery resembling the ones of the old tribals of Bihar, this boutique is for you.

What are the best things to do in Bihar with family?

1. Visit Barabar Caves: Plan a trip to the Barabar Caves and spend some time with your loved ones around its dramatic terrains. Do not forget to take numerous family pictures to memorise this moment.

2. Plan a trip to Bodhgaya: Nothing can be more fun and relaxing than planning a family trip to Bodhgaya and visit all the seven major Buddhist locations including the Bodhi Tree, Stupa and the monastery.

3. Visit Patna Planetarium: Let your little ones be fascinated by the fantastic scientific shows and events that take part in this Planetarium. You can also take part in many activities here like robot wars and space walks.

4. Picnic at Buddha Smriti Udyan: A place where the ashes of Buddha are kept has been converted into a very scenic and beautiful park known as the Buddha Smriti Udyan. You can come over here and plan a pleasant evening while relishing your favourite snack.

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