Jaisalmer Fort Overview

Jaisalmer Fort, situated in the heart of the Thar Desert in Rajasthan, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and one of the largest fully preserved fortified cities in the world. Constructed in 1156, it is characterized by its golden sandstone architecture, intricate carvings, and a labyrinth of narrow lanes. The fort houses palaces, Jain temples, and offers breathtaking views of the desert landscape, making it a captivating historical and cultural landmark.

Also known as Sonar Quilla or Sone ka Quilla (golden fort) Jaisalmer fort stands high showcasing its beauty and elegance as it is one of the world’s largest forts located in Jaisalmer, Rajasthan. Sonar Quila is the second oldest fort in Rajasthan. Explore the majestic Jaisalmer Fort on our tailored Jaisalmer tour package, immersing yourself in its rich history, intricate architecture, and cultural allure.

Its extensive yellow sandstone walls are bright yellow during the day and fade to honey-gold as the sun sets and due to this, it is also called the Golden fort. This dessert beauty has seen many battles while standing amidst the sandy stretches of the great Thar Desert on Trikuta hill. Jaisalmer itself is known as the golden city and offers the cultural fusion of nomadic desert and royalty which will let you experience something different.

You will be amused by the architectural beauty of Jaisalmer Fort and other sites of the golden city. Built by the Rajput ruler Rawal Jaisal in 1156 AD this UNESCO World Heritage site is the pride of the Thar desert and is a symbol of strength. Jaisalmer Fort has played a vital role from the glorious past to the present. It has been part of many amazing cultures of the different dynasty ruling.

It has kept the traditions of past safe by preserving their designs and visions. This place will never fail to surprise you from its majestic beauty and will give you a different vision towards the history, traditions, and culture of the country.

History of Jaisalmer Fort

The Golden fort is said to be established by Raja Rawal Jaisal, who was a Bhatti Rajput ruler, in approximately 1156 A D. He selected the Trikuta hills located at the great Thar Desert for his fort to stand and symbolize the dominance and power of the royal Rajput's.

Sonar Quila is known as the second oldest fort in Rajasthan and has seen and been part of many legendary battles but even today it holds the same charm and positive vibes which will leave you aw-struck when you will witness this great structure. So, one can notice the fusion of Islamic and Rajput architecture. It has also been part of the silk trade route from the 16th to the 18th century. 

Sonar Quila is a legendary structure and holds a great significance in the grand history. The fort has four grand entrance Ganesh Pol, Akshaya Pol, Suraj Pol, and Hawa Pol which have their own significance like Suraj pol named was given to one because the first sun rays over the city used to hit this very gate similarly other gates also have interesting stories related to them and are very beautifully carved and designed in a way that it is a combination of power and beauty.

The Architecture of Jaisalmer Fort

The Jaisalmer Fort is also famous for its architectural beauty. With the amazing measurement of 1,500 ft (460 m) long and 750 ft (230 m) wide it is built on a hill that rises above a height of 250 ft (76 m). You will be delighted to witness the essence of Rajasthani architectural touch with beautiful designs and patterns. Built with the gorgeous yellow sandstone the entire fort has an amazing look and shines like gold when the sun-rays fall on the walls.

With the glorious sunrise and majestic sunset, this structure changes color from tawny lion yellow to honey- gold. You will be amused to see the four entrances to the fort which are named Hawa Pole, Akshay Pole, Suraj Pole, and Ganesha Pole. There are many other places that add their importance to histories such as Akhai Vilas, the Rang Mahal, Sarvottam Vilas, Gaj Mahal, and the Moti Mahal.

The Moti Mahal is also known as Salam Singh Ki Haweli and is extremely beautiful with the amazing architecture, built-in 1815 with a peacock-shaped roof & numerous balconies this place will give a jaw-dropping view. These places too have been formed by keeping the designs, patterns, and texture at the priority and has been taken utmost care that they stand to showcase the royalty and energy of Rajput's and taking Rajasthani style on another level.

How To Reach

Photo Credits: Tim Proffitt-White

By Air:
As Jaisalmer does not have any airport within the city so, the nearest airport to this place is Jodhpur airport which is connected with domestic and international flights to and from major places and is around 275 kilometers from Jaisalmer. 

By Train: You can also choose to visit with the help of the train as Jaisalmer has good connectivity from the trains to major cities like Delhi, Jaipur, Mumbai, etc.

By Road: Jaisalmer is well connected to the major cities via roadways also so you can choose any public transport like buses or private transport like cars etc. to reach the Jaisalmer fort.

Once you reach the Jaisalmer it is very easy to reach the Jaisalmer fort as it is at a walkable distance from the city and if you don't want to walk you also have options to take an auto-rickshaw which are easily available.

Best Time To Visit

Photo Credits: Well-Bred Kannan (WBK Photography)

Jaisalmer fort is located amidst the great Thar Desert so the time selected to visit should be proper enough so that you can enjoy properly. Months from October to March is a good time period to visit this majestic structure.

During these months you will be accompanied by the pleasant weather which will add more fun while you explore the golden fort or the beautiful Jaisalmer city. You will be able to make memories without worrying about the climate or the mother nature as they will be supporting your plans and will let you enjoy to the fullest so that you can cherish this time later.

Other Essential Information

Photo Credits: Garrett Ziegler

It is located on Fort kothri para road which is 1.8 km from the main railway station of Jaisalmer.

 You can witness the golden fort at a very pocket-friendly price that is for Indian Rs.50 per person and  for foreigners 250 per person 

Timings: You can plan to visit the Jaisalmer fort between 6 am to 5 pm.

Interesting Facts about Jaisalmer Fort

Photo Credits: DJ SINGH

The Jaisalmer fort has been part of great history and story, there are a few interesting facts related to this majestic structure:

1. The architecture of The Golden Fort is the blend of Muslim and Rajput styles as it was built during the rule of the Rajput ruler and was later captured by the Islamic ruler so the fort stands to hold the designs of both the cultures.

2. The fort has three layers of walls, because of security reasons. The three were created to strengthen the foundation of the fort and reinforce the loose soil of the hill, to build a strong defensive barrier, and to create a final barrier and was used by defending soldiers.

3. The fort once witnessed a “half Jauhar” under the reign of Rawal Lunkarna in 1530-51 when the fort was attacked by Amir Ali, the chief of a local Afghan clan, but due to less time left the rituals could not be performed and the king decided to kill all the women himself. It was a cruel twist of fate.

4. It was attacked and captured by Allaudin Khilji, despite being such a strategic location this fort has witnessed few direct invasions from the Islamic rulers.

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Jaisalmer Fort FAQs

What is the name of Jaisalmer Fort?

Jaisalmer Fort is also named as The Golden Fort or Sonar Quila because of its beautiful yellow sandstone which turns beautiful golden when sun-rays falls on them.

Who built Jaisalmer Fort?

The Jaisalmer fort was built by the Rajput ruler Rawal Jaisal in 1156 AD and it was his name which derived the name of fort.

How many days are enough for Jaisalmer?

2 to 3 days are enough to plan a vacation and visit Jaisalmer. You will be able to visit various places which are worth sightseeing and can also participate in various activities like camel safari and many more.

Why is Jaisalmer famous?

Jaisalmer is also called as the golden city as it is situated admit the great Thar Desert so, it offers beautiful fusion of royalty and nomadic desert culture which will win your hearts.

Is camera allowed inside the fort?

Yes, you can carry a camera and a video camera inside the fort by paying an entrance amount that is for camera the fee is Rs. 50 and for video camera the fee is Rs.100.

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