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Things to Do in Cairo

Visit Giza Plateau, Take a visit to Great Sphinx of Giza, Take blessing at Cairo Citadel, Explore Sakkara Pyramids, Camel rides at Giza Pyramid, Visit Coptic Cairo and Babylon, Explore Egyptian Museum of Antiquities and many more

There are tons of enthralling things to do in Cairo to recharge your soul and have happy experiences imprinted in your mind. These activities guarantee you soulful experiences that satisfy not just your sensibilities but also your senses. If you wish to know about Cairo's bygone era, you can visit the Giza Plateau, which is one of the tallest buildings in the world. For a closer look into the culture and historical achievements of this city, you can visit Coptic Cairo and Babylon, where 'the grace of the past meets the splendour of the future.

Attending the light and sound show at Giza Pyramids is considered one of the best activities to do in Cairo. If you're a romantic soul, you can enjoy a concert at Cairo Opera House and watch a romantic movie at Balmore. If you're a shopping enthusiast, you must go on a shopping spree at Khan el-Khalili Bazaar, the largest gold and silver market in Egypt.

If you're still confused about what to do in Cairo, Egypt, you can climb the Minaret at Bab Zuweila to have the best experience of your life. You can also take blessing at Cairo Citadel; the feeling of contentment is guaranteed to all who make their way here.

Here are some of the best things to do in Cairo:

1. Visit Giza Plateau: If you're looking for the best things to do in Cairo, you should visit Giza Plateau, which is one of the tallest buildings in the world. The pyramids have been built as tombs for Egypt's pharaohs. Giza Plateau comprises a barren area of sandy desert with three Pyramids of Giza and the enigmatic Great Sphinx sculpture.

This plateau also houses a worker's village, temples, and the Sphinx.

Location: Giza Plateau, Nazlet El-Semman, Al Haram, Giza Governorate, Egypt, Cairo

Price: Rs 607 per person

Timings : 7 am- 7 pm

2. Take a visit to Great Sphinx of Giza: If you're a history buff, you should definitely visit the Great Sphinx of Giza that is a colossal limestone statue located on the Giza Plateau. It is a mythical creature comprising the body of a lion with a pharaoh's head. The Great Sphinx is known to be the largest sculpture in the world, measuring around 240 feet long and 66 feet high.

The entire statue has been carved beautifully from a single piece of limestone, and there are hidden chambers underneath the Sphinx.

Location: Al-Haram, Giza, Giza Governorate

Price: Rs 1822

Timings: 8 am- 4 pm

3. Take blessing at Cairo Citadel: Seeking Allah's blessing at Cairo Citadel is considered one of the best activities to do in Cairo. Cairo Citadel is a medieval Islamic-era fortification that comprises three mosques inside: Al-Nasir Muhammad Mosque, the Mosque of Sulayman Pasha, and Alabaster Mosque.

Earlier, it functioned as an illustrious home, as a military sleeping shelter, and a home for Egypt's rulers for seven hundred years. It is perched on Mokattam Hill and offers breathtaking views to its visitors.

Location: Al Abageyah, Qesm Al Khalifah

Price: Rs 465.21

Timings: 8:00 am-5:00 pm

4. Explore Sakkara Pyramids: Exploring Sakkara Pyramids is considered one of the best things to do in Cairo as it will transport you in a world full of relaxation, adventure, and ecstasy. It is the most popular archaeological site comprising important monuments such as the Step Pyramid of Djoser.

Pyramids at Saqqara are also known as step pyramids as they are smaller in size and distinctively unique in their appearance. It has a vast courtyard, and it is surrounded by many ceremonial structures.

Location: Saqqara, 12919, Giza Governorate

Price: Rs 607

Timings: 8 am- 5 pm

5. Camel rides at Giza Pyramid: Riding camels at Giza Pyramids at sunset is considered a quintessential experience that you must add to your Egyptian vacation. While enjoying the ride, you can watch the sunset and appreciate the breathtaking views of the pyramid.

Led by a Bedouin guide, you'll make your way into the vast desert and pass through a village where you can see how the local people live.

Location: Cairo, Cairo Governorate

Price: Rs 2920

Timings: There are different slots

6. Visit Coptic Cairo and Babylon: Your trip to Egypt won't be complete if you don't visit Coptic Cairo and Babylon that are popular historical landmarks. Babylon Fortress is a huge castle located in the Delta region of Egypt, in an area known as Coptic Cairo.

Within the fortress's enclosure, you'll find many popular attractions, including the Church of St. George that dates back to the tenth century, the Hanging Church, and the Coptic Museum, which houses the largest collection of Christian artifacts.

Location: Cairo, Cairo Governorate

Price: Rs 303

Timings: 9 am- 4:30 pm

7. Explore Egyptian Museum of Antiquities: If you're an art aficionado, you're in for a treat at the Egyptian Museum of Antiquities that houses an extensive collection of Egyptian antiquities. It exhibits the largest collection of Pharaonic antiquities and two gold and ivory bracelets that were recovered from Tutankhamen's tomb.

The most striking part of the museum is the Royal Mummy Room that displays eleven mummies, including the mummy of Hatshepsut.

Location: Midan El Tahrir Geographical Society Building, Cairo 11511 Egypt

Price: Rs 510 per person

Timings: 9 am- 5 pm

8. Shop at Khan el-Khalili Bazaar: One of the most fun activities to do in Cairo is going on a shopping spree at Khan el-Khalili Bazaar. It is home to the largest silver and gold market in Egypt and is lined with shops selling new and antique necklaces, earrings, trinkets, and bracelets.

The souk market also comprises a spice market, a perfume market, and a footwear market. This open-air bazaar is also dotted with many cafes, clothes shops, and restaurants.

Location: Cairo, Cairo Governorate

Timings: 8 am- 8 pm

9. Enjoy at Al-Azhar Park: If you're looking for one of the best things to do in Cairo to refresh your tired body and mind, you should visit Al-Azhar Park, known to be the city's green lungs. It sprawls across thirty acres and is surrounded by the most significant and historic districts of Cairo city.

The park has been brilliantly designed in a tree's shape, with its roots grounding into the neighborhood nearby. It is dotted with wellsprings, amusement territories, eateries, and manicured gardens.

Location: Salah Salem St, El-Darb El-Ahmar, Cairo Governorate, Egypt

Price: Rs 38

Timings: 9 am-11:59 pm

10. Felucca Ride on the Nile: One of the best activities to do in Cairo is enjoying a Felucca ride on the Nile River. The Egyptian Pharaohs used to sail on the River Nile on Felucca in the ancient era, and now it has been transformed into an adventurous activity.

During this hour-long drive, you'll witness several attractions such as the Botanical Gardens and Elephantine Island. You can party on the boat with the crew, enjoy cocktails and drinks and relish lip-smacking food.

Location: Cairo, 15662, Cairo Governorate

Price: Rs 3073 per person

Timings: There are different slots

11. Party at Zamalek: Partying at Zamalek is considered one of the best activities to do in Cairo for unlimited fun and entertainment. Zamalek will take you back to the golden era of classical fashion, elegance, and twist and shout. It is Cairo's party hub, lined by a variety of bars, pubs, and restaurants.

This party district also houses various art galleries, museums, and opera houses. Some of the international hotels, such as Hilton Cairo and Cairo Marriott, are situated in downtown Zamalek.

Location: Cairo, Egypt

12. Visit cave churches: One of the most interesting things to do in Cairo is visiting cave churches that look, although they're suspended in mid-air. These churches have been built by minority Coptic Christians at the foot of Mokattam Mountain.

The Monastery of St. Simon The Tame is the most popular and largest church in Mokattam Hill, with an amphitheater that can accommodate up to twenty thousand devotees. Other churches include St. Mark's Church, St. Simon the Tanner's Hall, and St. Bola's Church.

Location: Al Abageyah, Qism El-Khalifa, Cairo Governorate, Egypt

Timings: 10- am- 6 pm

13. Witness whirling Sufi dervishes: Revisit the Sufi era by enjoying the performance of whirling Sufi dervishes across the city at Ghouri Arts Center. Whirling Dervishes are the members of the Mawlaya section of Sufis and are followers of a semi-mystical Islamic branch.

Through mysterious and elegant twists and turns, the mystics and dancers find a connection with divinity. The whirling Sufi dervishes also perform in the famous hotels, cruises, and weddings of Cairo.

Location: 3 Mohamed Abdo St, El Ghoria, Mu??faz?at al Q?hirah, Egypt

Price: Rs 2986

Timings: There are different slots

14. Climb the Minaret at Bab Zuweila: If you're an adventure enthusiast thinking about what to do in Cairo, Egypt, climbing the Minaret at Bab Zuweila should be your ideal option. Bab Zuweila is a major landmark in Cairo featuring two minarets which you can climb to have a splendid view of Islamic Cairo.

There are three levels with no elevators and, although stairs to the first level are relatively easier to ascend, the heights of levels 2 & 3 make it difficult to climb to the top.

Location: Darb el Ahmar, Cairo 11511 Egypt

Price: Rs 152

Timings: 9 am-5 pm

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Pyramids Of Giza

The Pyramids of Giza stand tall on the Giza Plateau near Cairo. They are a testament to ancient Egyptian engineering and craftsmanship. These monumental structures include the Great Pyramid, which is one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. The Pyramids of Giza were built as tombs for Pharaohs. This historical marvel invites you to step back in time and explore the mysteries that have fascinated humanity for ages.

The Egyptian Museum

The Egyptian Museum in Cairo (EMC) is the oldest archaeological museum in the Middle East. It is famous for its mind-boggling collection of more than 170,000 artefacts collected from the Predynastic Period to the Greco-Roman Era. The museum has the highest number of treasured pieces of ancient Egyptian history including Tutankhamun's treasures.

Al Azhar Mosque

Immerse yourself in the rich history and architectural magnificence of the Al Azhar mosque in Cairo. The Al Azhar mosque is one of the oldest mosques in the world and was built in the 10th century. You can marvel at the towering minarets, sprawling courtyards, and sacred prayer halls. The Al Azhar University within the mosque is one of the best institutions in the world to obtain Islamic scholarship.

Discover the magic of Al Azhar Mosque and explore other attractions of Egypt with our curated Egypt tour packages and let its ancient charm and peaceful atmosphere make your trip truly memorable.

Old Cairo

Explore the magnificent historic sites of Old Cairo and time travel several centuries back. Also referred to as Historic Cairo, Old Cairo is a UNESCO-listed World Heritage Site. Located by the Nile River, this historic district is home to several ancient monuments like mosques, churches, and markets. Old Cairo portrays the rich culture and heritage of Egypt and immerses you in the various eras of Egyptian history.

Discover the charm of Old Cairo with special Cairo packages. Explore its ancient streets, mosques, and markets for a journey back in time you'll always remember.

Khan El Khalili

Get a chance to experience the market vibes of Khan el-Khalili, a bustling bazaar in Old Cairo. This souk built in the 14th century radiates ancient charm. You can walk through the alleys, and shop for souvenirs like Arabian lamps and artistic metalware. In between your shopping episodes, you can also treat yourself to delicious Egyptian street food like falafel, shawarma, and kofta.

The Citadel

The Citadel of Cairo is a testament to Egypt's medieval defence architecture. It was built by Salah al-Din in the 12th century. This military complex offers panoramic views of Cairo from its vantage point on Mokattam Hill. Inside, you will find museums and ancient mosques like the Muhammad Ali Mosque, which are historically quite significant. A visit to the Citadel is a journey through time, showing Cairo's evolution from the historic to the modern-day era.

Sultan Hassan Mosque

The Sultan Hassan Mosque is an excellent example of the architectural brilliance of the Mamluk rule in Egypt. It is located near the Citadel in Cairo and can be easily spotted by its towering minarets and vast courtyard. Built in the mid-14th century, this mosque and madrassa complex is known for its grandeur and intricate details. Its walls whisper stories of history, culture, and religion, making it a top spot to appreciate the rich heritage of Cairo.

Museum Of Islamic Art
If you are eager to understand the Islamic heritage of Cairo, the Museum of Islamic Art is an ideal place for exploration. Here, you will find price collections and displays that preserve the exquisite Middle Easter artwork. Make sure to admire the Ottoman tiles, the intricately designed wood-inlay, etc.

Don’t forget to observe the highlighted Qurans and the heavy ornate jewelry display. Moreover, you must also pay a visit to the science and Astronomy rooms and glance at the various equipment pieces and other collections. 

Location: Midan Bab Al Khalq, Islamic Cairo District

Timings: 9 am to 7 pm with the exception of Friday when the timing is 1:30 pm to 7 pm.

Price: 50 Egyptian pounds per adult
Al Azhar Park

Al-Azhar Park, a lush retreat amidst Cairo's deserts, is a transformed space from a landfill to a verdant garden. Donated by Aga Khan IV, this 30-hectare sanctuary blends serene landscapes with panoramic views of this Egyptian city. It is a peaceful escape in this place, with flower paths, cultural landmarks and top-notch restaurants. An example of urban renewal, the park is a popular spot for relaxation and cultural activities to immerse in.

Zamalek

Nestled on the Gezira Island along the River Nile, the Zamalek district offers a blend of leafy avenues, posh dining, and a lively arts scene. Renowned for its European-inspired architecture, this district is home to cultural landmarks like the Nilometer and Cairo Opera House. From dining aboard floating restaurants to browsing chic boutiques, Zamalek represents Cairo’s cosmopolitan charm.

Ibn Tulun Mosque

Nestled in the heart of Cairo, Ibn Tulun Mosque stands as one of the best examples of Islamic architecture's grandeur. Built in the 9th century by Ahmed Ibn Tulun, it is Cairo's oldest and largest mosque and retains its original form. It is famous for its courtyard, spiral minaret and captivating geometric stucco decorations. This architectural masterpiece is also a great place to learn about the rich history of Islam.

Al Manial Palace Museum

The Al Manial Palace Museum in Cairo is a treasure trove of Islamic art, nestled in lush gardens. Built by Prince Muhammad Ali in the early 20th century, it showcases a fusion of Ottoman and Mamluk styles. Here, you can marvel at rare manuscripts, exquisite carpets, and artefacts tucked within the historic walls. A visit to this attraction promises a glimpse into royal luxuries and architectural brilliance.

Nilometer

The Nilometer on Cairo's Roda Island is a marvel from AD 861, tucked inside Manasterly Palace. It was a vital agricultural tool for predicting the floods in the Nile, Egypt. With its Turkish-style dome, it showcases the Farouk era's architectural elegance. A visit to the Nilometer offers insight into ancient ways and an admiration for Egypt's heritage.

Cairo Tower

Standing tall at 187 metres on Gezira Island, Cairo Tower is one of the most popular attractions in the city. It flaunts a lotus-inspired lattice, symbolizing Egypt's rebirth. From its observation deck, you can soak in panoramic views of Cairo's landscapes, including the Pyramids. The Cairo Tower is an architectural marvel, offering a glimpse into Egypt's history.

Coptic Cairo

Coptic Cairo, located in the heart of Old Cairo, is a remarkable enclave of ancient churches, a synagogue, and the impressive Coptic Museum. Wander through lanes that echo with history, and witness the ruins of the Roman fortress of Babylon. Visit the Hanging Church and the St. Sergius and Bacchus Church to learn about Coptic Christianity. This tranquil district offers a unique glimpse into Egypt's Christian heritage. It invites you to explore its serene beauty and historical depth.

The Coptic Museum

Visit the Coptic Museum in Cairo to witness the world's largest collection of Coptic Christian artefacts. Established in 1908, it features breathtaking icons, manuscripts, and frescoes. As you wander through the museum, find exhibits showcasing the origins of Coptic Christianity. Along the way, marvel at centuries-old bibles and exquisite textiles that speak volumes of Egypt's rich Christian heritage. A visit to the Coptic Museum is a must for those who wish to understand Egypt's history.

Sphinx

The Sphinx, also known as the Great Sphinx of Giza stands as a timeless guard in Egypt. This colossal limestone statue, with the body of a lion and the head of a pharaoh, dates back to around 2500 BC. It is the largest monolith statue in the world and offers a glimpse into the incredible skill and creativity of ancient Egyptian civilization. Located near the Pyramids of Giza, it invites awe and intrigue, embodying Egypt's grandeur.

The Hanging Church

Pay a visit to the Hanging Church, the oldest church in Cairo, located atop the gatehouse of Old Cairo's Roman fortress. Built in the 3rd century, it houses over 100 icons, each telling a story of faith and history. Its unique 'suspended' design and sacred ambience draw visitors into a timeless spiritual journey. The church is a must-see for those exploring Egypt's rich Christian heritage.

Pyramid Of Khafre

Pay a visit to the Pyramid of Khafre in the Giza Plateau, which ranks as the second-largest pyramid in the whole world. The Pyramid was constructed for Khafre around 2570 BC. It is also famous because it retains some of its original polished limestone casing at the top. The Pyramid is part of a complex that includes the Great Sphinx and is made using massive limestone blocks. Visitors are drawn to its imposing presence and the rich history it represents, making it a must-see ancient wonder.

Mosque Of Muhammad Ali

Perched atop Cairo's Citadel, the Mosque of Muhammad Ali is the most popular mosque in the city. Often dubbed the Alabaster Mosque, it is a marvel of 19th-century architecture. Built by Muhammad Ali Pasha, this mosque is renowned for its Ottoman design, grand domes, and towering minarets. Its interiors, clad in alabaster, offer breathtaking city views. A symbol of Egypt's rich history, it is a must-visit for its beauty and panoramic vistas.

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Cairo Things To Do FAQs

What are the best things to do in Cairo at night?

1. Enjoy A Dinner Cruise: If you're confused about what to do in Cairo, Egypt enjoying a dinner cruise should be your ideal choice. While being on board a Nile cruise, you will enjoy fascinating belly dancing shows and traditional musical shows.

2. The Sound and Light Show at Giza Pyramids: One of the best things to do in Cairo at night is attending the sound and light show at Giza Pyramids. During this forty minutes show, the Sphinx will reveal uncountable mysteries about ancient Egyptians. You will hear stories about King Khafre, Menquare, Khufu, and the three Egyptian Pharaohs.

3. Enjoy Night Shopping: Shopping at Khan El-Khalili Bazaar is considered one of the best things to do in Cairo in the wee hours. This open-air market houses tons of stores, cafes, shops, and restaurants where you will find some of the best perfumes, gifts, antiques, and papyrus.

4. Drink, dance and party at Vent: If you're a night owl looking to have the best of fun and entertainment, you should party endlessly with your friends at Vent. You can enjoy cocktails, delicious grub, and live music.

What are the romantic things to do in Cairo?

1. Enjoy a concert at Cairo Opera House: One of the best things to do in Cairo with your partner is to enjoy a musical evening at Cairo Opera House that is the central performing arts spot in Cairo. You can also enjoy ballet, dance, theatre performances, and dramas.

2. Watch a romantic movie at Balcone: One of the most romantic things to do in Cairo is watching an interesting movie with your better half at Balcone. It has cozy seats and a charming ambiance where you can spend some intimate moments with your partner.

3. Stroll along Qasr El-Nil Bridge: One of the most romantic activities to do in Cairo is taking a romantic stroll along Qasr El-Nil Bridge. At the end of the bridge stands the four famous lion statues sculpted by Henri Alfred Jacquemart in the nineteenth century.

4. Enjoy a dinner date at Left Bank: Your romantic tale won't be complete if you don't have a dinner date at Left Bank, which is a rooftop restaurant in Zamalek.

Which are the best historical sites in Cairo?

1. Pyramids of Gaza: One of the best activities to do in Cairo is visiting the Pyramids of Gaza, the oldest of the Seven Wonders of the ancient world. It consists of the Great Pyramid, the smaller Pyramid of Khafre, and the modest-sized Pyramid of Menkaure.

2. Mosque And Madrasa Of Sultan Hassan: This is the oldest mosque in Egypt that exhibits ancient Mamluk architecture and breathtaking design. Its tallest minaret is sixty-eight meters tall, and the historians believe that stones used to build the Pyramids of Giza have been used to construct this mosque.

3. Saladin Castle: Saladin Castle is a huge solid fortress located in high mountainous terrains on a ridge surrounded by lush green forests. The castle includes four other museums, namely Carriage Museum, Al-Gawhara Palace museum, The Egyptian Police Museum, and the Egyptian Military museum.

How to reach Cairo?

By Air: Cairo International Airport is the main airport in Cairo that receives flights from all across the world. The airport is well served by national carrier Egyptair and international carriers including Lufthansa, Air France, Singapore Airlines, Alitalia, etc.

By Train: The Egyptian railway network connects all the major cities of the country. There is also a railway starting from South Africa and covering countries like Zimbabwe to Cairo, Egypt. Cairo also has two metros that take people to just any stop around the city.

By Bus: From the standard mini buses to the microbuses run by Private companies, Cairo has good bus connectivity.

What is the best time to visit Cairo?

March to April (Shoulder season) is considered the best time to visit Cairo as the weather remains pleasant and the entire area is covered with lush greenery. During this time, most of the winter crowds have left, and the city remains empty and relaxed.

Can you go inside the Sphinx?

No, you can't go inside the Sphinx, neither can you touch it as it has no entrance. The walkway steps located on one side of the Sphinx are considered the best place for taking photos.

What is Cairo known for?

Khan el-Khalili
It is an open-air market renowned for selling cotton and jewelry items.

Pyramids of Giza
It is the largest and oldest of the three pyramids in Giza Necropolis.

Al-Azhar Mosque
This is an Egyptian mosque renowned for its stunning architecture and design.

Al-Azhar Park
This is a public park in Cairo spread across thirty hectares.

Museums
If you're confused about what to do in Cairo, Egypt, you should visit the fascinating museums, such as the Coptic Museum and the Egyptian Museum of Antiquities.

Sufi Dervishes
These are members of a Sufi fraternity that perform Sufi whirling.

Ful Medames
This is the traditional breakfast made with fava beans, chopped parsley, onion, and lemon juice.

How much does a trip to Cairo cost?

A trip to Cairo for one week will cost around Rs 273,830 for one person, including accommodation, food, and flight charges. The average cost of meals in Cairo is somewhere around Rs 5333 for one day. Also, the average hotel price for a couple is around 51,000 for one week.

How many days do you need in Cairo?

Two days are enough to explore Cairo.

- On the first day, you can visit the Pyramids of Giza, the Egyptian Museum, and Coptic Cairo, which houses the Babylon Fortress.
- On the second day, you can explore the Pyramids of Sakkara, Khan el-Khalili, and Al-Azhar Park.

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