Horton Plains National Park Overview

Horton Plains National Park is a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Sri Lanka's central highlands. It features stunning landscapes of montane grasslands and cloud forests. Major attractions include World’s End, a dramatic cliff with panoramic views, and Baker’s Falls. The park is home to diverse wildlife, including the Sri Lankan sambar deer and numerous endemic bird species, making it a haven for nature enthusiasts.

Horton Plains National Park, located in the central highlands of Sri Lanka, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site renowned for its stunning landscapes and unique biodiversity. Covering approximately 31 square kilometers, the park features a mix of montane grasslands and cloud forests, providing a habitat for numerous endemic flora and fauna. One of the park’s most famous attractions is World’s End, a dramatic escarpment with a sheer drop of about 880 meters, offering breathtaking panoramic views of the surrounding countryside on clear days. Another notable feature is Baker’s Falls, a picturesque waterfall nestled amidst lush greenery, providing a serene spot for nature lovers.

Horton Plains is also home to a variety of wildlife, including the Sri Lankan sambar deer, purple-faced langur, and the elusive leopard. Birdwatchers can enjoy spotting numerous endemic species, such as the Sri Lanka white-eye, Sri Lanka bush warbler, and the Sri Lanka whistling thrush. The park’s well-maintained trails make it a popular destination for hikers and nature enthusiasts. The circular trail covers World’s End and Baker’s Falls and offers a moderate hike with rewarding views and opportunities to observe the park's rich biodiversity.


• Enjoy the breathtaking city view from Horton Plains National Park.
•  Explore a vast range of unique species, such as Sri Lankan sambar deer, purple-faced langur, and different endemic birds.
• Explore the unique ecosystems that support diverse flora and fauna, creating stunning natural scenery
• Challenge your inner adventure-seeker by exploring long hiking trails.
• Explore the park's rich biodiversity when going to the Horton Plains National Park, Sri Lanka

How To Reach

1 By car: Horton Plains National Park Sri Lanka is located 5.7 km from the Ohiyo city center. It will take around 17 minutes via Ohiya Rd/B508 route. 

2 By foot: Horton Plains National Park, Sri Lanka, is located 5.7 km from the Ohiyo city center. It will take around 17 minutes via Ohiya Rd/B508 route.

Best Time To Visit

Horton Plains National Park Sri Lanka remains open all through the year. 

1 Best season: if you visit the national park, winters are the most ideal time for exploring. The temperature remains soothing and ideal for walking.  

2 Best day in the week: Plan your visit to Horton Plains National Park, Sri Lanka, during the weekends. If you want to avoid crowds, visit on Monday or Tuesday. 

3 The best time of the day: Early mornings are the best time to explore the Horton Plains National Park in Sri Lanka. 

Other Essential Information


Horton Plains National Park is seated in Sri Lanka and a conserved area in the Central Highlands of this island country. 

Entry fee:

The entry fee for the locals is 30 INR for a day visit but 60 INR if you are looking for an overnight visit. Again, the entry fee is 1,150 INR and 2,090 INR for foreign tourists for a day and overnight visit respectively. The entry fee is more if you are not a local and need to shell out vehicle fees up to 500 INR, which makes the trip to Horton Plain National Park quite expensive. 


The opening hours are from 6 am in the morning to 6 pm in the evening. 

Facilities and safety:

Before you enter Horton Plains National Park, ensure that you use the washrooms close to the entrance because it’s the sole facility available in the park. The place also has paper bags in case you want them. Avoid carrying plastic because you’ll not be allowed to take plastic bags inside the park. 

There are many places to take some splendid photos but watch out near the edges. There have numerous horror tales and accidents near the cliff edge. Therefore, take the required precautions before taking photos. 

Distance from Kandy Airport:

The distance from Kandy Airport to the park is 107.4 km if you take the road through A5 and B512.

Geography of the Horton Plains

The Horton Plains is seated on the southern plateau of Sri Lanka’s Central Highlands as well as a World Heritage Site declared by UNESCO. Horton Plains consists of three major portions, the Horton Plains National Park, the Peak Wilderness Protected Area, as well as the Knuckles Conservation Forest. 

The place receives abundant rainfall at a height of 2100 to 2300 meters and as far as temperature is concerned, it fluctuates. The temperature can rise as much as 27 degrees Celsius during the day and dip at five degrees or even to one degree Celsius, giving you the chills. 

Due to cloud cover over the deep forest, the thick mist frequently shrouds the sunlight leaving no sun rays reaching the plant life. The Horton Plains is also known for its reddish-yellow podzolic soil, thus giving rise to some of the endemic species of this place. 

The national park features the Archean age rocks comprised of Khondalites, granite gneisses, and Charnockites, prevalent right from the Precambrian period. All of these make the Horton plains and its physical features extremely appealing and significant for the visitors and travel enthusiasts.

Flora and Fauna at the Horton Plains National Park

1. Flora

The diverse vegetation comes under two distinct groups, the montane grasslands extending for about 2000 hectares of land and the subtropical montane evergreen jungles encircle 1160 hectares of this region. You will find numerous endemic plant varieties in the deep forests including herbaceous plants as well as tropical varieties like the endemic daffodil orchid.

The herbaceous plant species are Fragaria, Plantago, and Viola found in abundance in Horton Plains National Park. 

2. Fauna

As far as the animal life of the national park is concerned, it is amusing, copious, and diverse. There are at least 24 varieties of mammals like rusty-spotted cats, purple-faced langurs, wild boars, and Sri Lankan leopards. However, the commonly spotted animals are the Sambar Deer found in Horton Plains National Park. 

The park boasts of a combination of mixed varieties of fauna including nine reptile species, 87 bird species, as well as eight amphibian species. Horton Plains National Park is also popular for its elephants; though the species became extinct here post the 1940s. 

The national park is the favorite of bird lovers, home to a diverse 21 species including the dull-blue flycatcher, Sri Lankan magpie, Wood pigeon, Sri Lankan Spurfowl, Yellow-fronted Barbet, jungle fowl, Orange-billed babbler, and Sri Lankan white-eye.

The special mention is of the Sambar deer in Horton Plains National Park, the animals you can spot around the edges of wooded parts of the forest. If you are fortunate, you can notice the giant squirrels and shaggy bear-monkey and capture these animals in their various moods in your camera lens.

You may also notice animals such as the large herd elk, outlined against the lowland clouds that move past rhododendrons, a colorful flowering plant seen in Horton Plains National Park. You will also spot the rhino-horned lizard, which is an unusual and relic species of the forest. Take photos of a few lizards with preposterously, fluorescent green scales.

Tips for visiting Horton Plains National Park

There are a few things to remember before you visit Horton Plains National Park. These are: 

- Reach the park by 9 am to get the best scenic views. If you are late, the mist cover will ruin your viewing experience. 

- Make sure you have around three or four hours for the trekking adventure, which includes halts for taking pictures.

- Bring exact currency notes or small change like coins if you want to use the toilets near the entrance for a fee. 

- Do not forget to visit the museum close to the park entrance

- Do not speak loud or shout when walking around the park because you may scare off the wild animals. Keep silent if you want to spot animals and take photos. 

- Wear comfortable, strong walking shoes, sunhat, and shades. 

- Carry food, water, and sunscreen lotion.

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Horton Plains National Park FAQs

What is Horton Plains National Park famous for?

Horton Plains National Park is famous for the World’s End, which is the major attraction of the place. World’s End is known for its 4000-foot high rock face or cliff precipice from where you get a spectacular view of the surroundings. You will find the nine-km looped path via this picturesque national park with a jaw-dropping view of World’s End. The trek towards World’s End is the best experience because of the splendid sights around. The trek to the World’s End is popular because it is more accessible because of its well-maintained pathways and less tiring hill walking. The plains are home to a gamut of wildlife including leopards, sambar deer grazing in the long grass, gigantic squirrels, and rhino horn lizards, a few notable animal species.

Is there any option for Horton Plains National Park camping?

Yes, there are options for camping at Horton Plains National Park. You will find three distinct spots for pitching a camp in this park that many nature lovers and backpackers prefer. Then, you will need to carry all your bags and luggage from the park’s entrance to the camping ground, unlike other campsites. Therefore, make sure you carry lightweight bags and pack as little as possible.

How long is Horton Plains Trek?

Horton Plains trek is a 9.5 km trek with halting spots to cover attractions like Baker’s Falls and World’s End. You will need three to five hours to complete the Horton Plains trek, based on how long you stop by at every vantage point or site of attraction. Therefore, make sure you have enough time to complete the trek.

Are there trails to hike in the park?

Yes, there are hiking trails at Horton Plains National Park. In fact, it is popular for hiking among adventure-seekers. The scenic trails around this national park could be explored individually or with the help of professional guides. Since there is no safari in the park, therefore, the place has managed to retain its natural magnificence even after several years.

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