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About Baku

Baku is the capital city of Azerbaijan. It is also the largest city of the country. Nestled on the Caucasus region and the Caspian Sea, the city lies about 28 meters below the sea level as a result of which, it is also the lowest lying National Capital in the world.

Situated on the southern shore of the Absheron Peninsula alongside the Bay of Baku, nearly one forth of the inhabitants of the country reside in the metropolitan region of the city. 

The city is cultural, scientific and industrial center of Azerbaijan. A number of sizeable Azerbaijan institutions also have their headquarters located there. Given all this, the trade and commerce position and the economic role of Baku is very evident. However, this does not mean that Baku is any less from the other cities of Azerbaijan when it comes to tourism. There are a number of tourist attractions which are fascinating and attractive. Monuments, museums, tombs and galleries, just about everything can be found in the city. Moreover, the transport network of the city is very well connected making the attractions and the places to see easily accessible. Besides, the attractions, there are also a number of things to do to keep you engaged all through your stay in the city.  

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Baku FAQ's

Which are the best places to visit in Baku?

1. Flame Towers:

The Flame Towers are a trio of skyscrapers - (South, East and West) that dominate Baku's skyline. The structure of these iconic buildings is designed to resemble flames and justify the city’s name “The Land of Fire''. At night, the towers are illuminated with LED screens and display captivating light shows. The light show features giant flames, colours of the Azerbaijani flag, and many others that transition every two minutes. You can enjoy breathtaking views of the light show from various observation points. The Flame Towers also house luxury hotels, restaurants, and offices, making them a must-see for anyone visiting Baku.

2. Heydar Aliyev Center:

Designed by renowned architect Zaha Hadid, the Heydar Aliyev Center is an architectural marvel in Baku. Opened in 2012, this cultural centre features fluid, wave-like forms that symbolise the future and progress. It houses a museum, exhibition halls, and an auditorium and serves as a hub for cultural and social events. The building's striking design, with its seamless, curved surfaces and dynamic angles, stands out against the city's skyline. The centre's design represents modernity and innovation, and its exhibitions showcase Azerbaijan's culture and history. You can explore art galleries, attend cultural events, and admire the futuristic architecture that has made this building a global icon.

3. Maiden Tower:

Also known as "Qız Qalası," Maiden Tower is an iconic historical monument located in the Old City of Baku, Azerbaijan. The building dates back to the 12th century, and its origins and purpose remain mysterious. The tower soars 29.5 meters into the sky and offers panoramic views of Baku and the Caspian Sea. The structure is an architectural marvel and seamlessly blends Persian and Islamic styles. Today, the Maiden Tower is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and a symbol of Azerbaijan's rich cultural heritage.

4. Baku Boulevard:

Baku Boulevard, also known as Seaside National Park, is a scenic promenade along the Caspian Sea in Baku. It was established in 1909 and now spreads over a vibrant 3.5-kilometer stretch. The boulevard features lush parks, modern cafes, amusement rides, and the iconic Baku Ferris Wheel. This is a popular spot for both locals and tourists, and the notable landmarks you can witness here are the Carpet Museum and the Flame Towers visible in the distance. Baku Boulevard provides a picturesque setting for leisurely strolls, family outings, and enjoying the sea breeze.

What are the best things to do in Baku?

1. Visit the Flame Towers:

The Flame Towers are three skyscrapers whose facade represents flames, an important symbol in Azerbaijan's culture. At night, the towers are illuminated with LED lights and also have amazing light shows. The magical light show that happens here features flames, the Azerbaijan flag, and many other interesting displays that are a delight to witness from the outside. Inside, you can explore luxurious amenities, including fine dining restaurants offering panoramic views of Baku's skyline. From the observation decks, you can marvel at astounding city views that portray a blend of ancient history and modern elegance. 

2. Explore the Palace of the Shirvanshahs:

Nestled in Baku's Old City, this 15th-century palace complex is a UNESCO World Heritage site. You can wander through the ancient courtyards, marvel at the intricate stone carvings, and visit the grand mosque and mausoleum. The Palace of the Shirvanshahs takes you back in time to Azerbaijan's medieval history and the palace's architecture tells tales of a bygone era. You can stroll through each room and corridor and gain insights into the Shirvanshah dynasty's reign. The serene surroundings and historical ambience make it a must-visit for those keen to immerse themselves in the rich heritage of Azerbaijan.

3. Walk through Nizami Street:

Nizami Street, also known as Torgovaya, is Baku's main shopping and entertainment street. It's lined with shops, cafes, restaurants, and vibrant nightlife spots. As you stroll, you can also witness the blend of modern and historical architecture with beautifully preserved buildings showcasing Baku's rich heritage. You can also find street performers adding to the lively atmosphere and smell the rich aroma of Azerbaijani cuisine filling the air. The street is a bustling hub where you can experience the local culture, and enjoy street performances too.

4. Discover the Azerbaijan National Carpet Museum:

This museum is dedicated to the art of carpet weaving, a significant aspect of Azerbaijani culture. The building itself is designed to resemble a rolled-up carpet. The museum showcases an extensive collection of exquisite carpets and textiles. As you wander through its galleries, you'll marvel at the intricate patterns and vibrant colours, each telling a story of craftsmanship and tradition. Interactive exhibits provide insights into the art of carpet weaving, from ancient techniques to modern innovations. Beyond carpets, you can also find traditional clothing and jewellery here.

How do I reach Baku?

You can take a connecting flight from all major Indian cities like Delhi and Mumbai to Baku as there are no direct flights. The most common layover cities in this route are Dubai, Istanbul, and Doha. Airlines such as Emirates, Turkish Airlines, and Qatar Airways operate on these routes and the average travel time, including layovers, ranges from 8 to 12 hours.

What is the best time to visit Baku?

The best time to visit Baku is from April to June and September to October, during the spring and autumn months, respectively. During these seasons, you can explore the city's attractions like Heydar Aliyev Center, Maiden Tower, Flame Towers, and Palace of the Shirvanshahs. For a more quieter and affordable travel experience,e you can opt to visit during the shoulder and the waning seasons.

What are the best ways to travel in and around Baku?

The best way to travel in and around Baku is to use public transportation. You can use the Baku Metro for efficient transit across key areas and the BakuBus public bus system for broader routes. Taxis and ride-hailing apps like Bolt and Uber offer convenient door-to-door service. You can also walk and cycle along Baku Boulevard to explore the city in an environment-friendly way.

What is the ideal duration for a holiday in Baku?

An ideal duration for a holiday in Baku is 4 to 5 days. During this time, you can explore major attractions such as the Heydar Aliyev Center, Maiden Tower, Flame Towers, and the Old City. Additionally, you can enjoy leisurely strolls along Baku Boulevard and visit museums like the Azerbaijan Carpet Museum and Nizami Museum of Azerbaijani Literature. You can also head to Nizami Street and relish the flavourful local cuisine like Plov, Shah Plov, and Dolma.

Which are some famous streets in Baku?

1. Nizami Street (Torgovaya):

Nizami Street, also known as Torgovaya, is Baku's main shopping and entertainment hub. Lined with boutiques, cafes, and restaurants, it showcases a blend of modern and historical architecture. This pedestrian-friendly street is perfect for leisurely walks, shopping, and sampling local cuisines. You can even find street performers here and the lively crowds create a vibrant atmosphere. 

2. Istiglaliyyat Street:

Istiglaliyyat Street is one of Baku's historic avenues, featuring significant landmarks like the Azerbaijan State Philharmonic Hall and the Nizami Museum of Azerbaijani Literature. The street's beautiful architecture and tree-lined sidewalks offer a picturesque setting for cultural immersion. It's a cultural hotspot as it hosts various events and festivals, and is a must-visit for history as well as art enthusiasts.

3. Neftchilar Avenue:

Neftchilar Avenue runs along Baku's waterfront, offering stunning views of the Caspian Sea. It's home to the famous Baku Boulevard, luxury hotels, and the iconic Flame Towers. The avenue is a bustling area with high-end shops, dining options, and entertainment venues. It's ideal for enjoying a scenic walk, shopping, and experiencing Baku's modern vibe.

4. Fountains Square:

Fountains Square is a lively pedestrian square in the heart of Baku, known for its numerous fountains, cafes, and shops. It's a popular meeting point for locals and tourists alike. The square's vibrant atmosphere, especially in the evenings, makes it a great spot for socialising, dining, and enjoying street performances and various cultural events.

Is there a dress code to follow in Baku?

There is no strict dress code, but it's recommended to dress modestly, especially when visiting religious sites. Casual, comfortable clothing is suitable for most places. For women, covering shoulders and knees is respectful in mosques.

Baku Reviews

Mickita Hablani
Reviewed: 19 Jun 2024
I had a great time. I loved the entire Itinerary except the trip to Gabala with overnight stay. We could have gone and come back. Rest everything was well managed. The driver especially was very humble and helpful.
Mickita Hablani
Reviewed: 19 Jun 2024
The entire experience was wonderful and beyond exepectatuons except I think that wait time between the flights could have been shorter.

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