The National Monument Overview

The National Monument, the Netherlands' most significant World War II memorial, towers an impressive 22 meters high structure in the middle of Amsterdam's Dam Square. It acts as a constant reminder of the war's horrors and human loss and is now the center of the annual Remembrance Day. It draws tourists from across the world as it symbolizes hardship, fidelity, victory, freedom, and renewed life.

The enormous National Monument in Dam Square, which honors those who have died in WWII and other conflicts, is a major tourist destination. It has become the center of Amsterdam's yearly Remembrance Day celebration on May 4 when a ceremony is held here.

Unveiled in 1956 by Netherlands Queen Juliana, the multi-faceted monument's design symbolizes suffering, loyalty, victory, freedom, and new life. The main pillar of the monument is decked with four chained figures reflecting the pain faced during the war, as well as two male sculptures on either side of the central figures portraying members of the Dutch resistance. Weeping dogs symbolize pain and fidelity, while a woman holding a kid and doves fluttering around her represent victory, peace, freedom, and new life. The 12 urns on the wall have soil from execution sites, war graves, and Indonesia. The Netherlands' national animal, the lion, also flanks the wall. Admire the beauty of this poignant monument with the best Europe tour packages and delve into its rich symbolism and historical significance.

The king places a wreath at the memorial every May 4 in remembrance of all those who have fallen, not just of World War II, but also of other conflicts and efforts to maintain peace. In 2009, it became a recognized national heritage monument and entices hordes of tourists every year.  

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• Marvel at the National Monument Amsterdam to admire the design of Dutch architect J.J.P. Oud and be astounded to find that this 22-meter masterpiece represents peace, loyalty, suffering, victory, freedom, and new life.
• On every May 4, National Remembrance Day, and attend the ceremony where the royal family and locals come together to honor the lives lost in both WWII and other wars.
• Look at the monument's details, such as the sculptures of men, women with children, flying doves, sobbing dogs, and lions, and try to depict their significance.
• See 12 urns in the wall that have soil from execution sites, war graves, and Indonesia.
• Feel the suffering of the warriors and others who lost their lives in numerous battles and pay them respect.

How To Reach

By Train: Amsterdam National Monument is located in Dam Square, which is approximately 750 meters from Amsterdam Central Station. The station is well served by metro lines 51, 52, 53, and 54 from where you can walk to the monument.

By Bus: Take line 4, 14, or 24 to Rokin and walk for 2 minutes to the monument or take line 1, 4, 14, 22, or 43, which stops at Nieuwmarkt bus stop, then take an 8-minute walk to Dam Square.

By Taxi: Hire a private cab to Dam Square from anywhere in Amsterdam to reach most conveniently to the monument. It is one of the quickest but a bit pricey

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Best Time To Visit

The best time to visit the National Monument Amsterdam is in the early morning when there are fewer visitors. You can visit the monument any time of the day or year because it is outdoors. However, between 10 am and 12 pm is the best time to go because there are fewer crowds and other adjacent attractions are also open to visitors. 

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Other Essential Information

Tips to Visit

  • Early mornings are the best times to visit the National Monument because you will be able to observe the attraction with only a few people around.
  • If you want to attend the annual Remembrance Day ceremony on May 4, be prepared to face the crowd.
  • As this is a national memorial, please act with dignity and respect.
  • The monument lies in Dam Square, so after visiting it, you can also explore adjacent attractions, sample some street cuisine, and shop for some souvenirs.
  • Please avoid touching the sculpture and the wall.
  • Be careful when taking pictures, and try not to bother anyone.

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