Mud Volcanoes Overview

Pure science have clearly defined how mud volcanoes are formed and Andaman archipelago is quite popular for its multiple mud volcanoes. They are formed due to the large scale emissions of de-pressurized pore water and some natural gases such as hydrocarbon gases that included Methane. These gases are emitted by the decaying organic matter found underground.

Although there are 25 active mud volcanoes have discovered at different parts of the island, the mud volcanoes found on Baratang Island and Diglipur Island are the important ones and tourists visit these islands will take a look at this unique phenomenon of nature happening often..

Find the weather guide of Port Blair here for picking up the best season to visit this surreal place.

Andaman and Nicobar Islands have several mud volcanoes spread all over the group of islands. Out of the 11 mud volcanoes, 9 are located on Baratang Island, about 90 kilometres from Port Blair. At first sight, it may look like tiny holes in the earth with mud bubbling all over them. But for the curious soul, the science behind these volcanoes is fascinating, and since they are the only group of mud volcanoes all over India, they are worth a visit.

The volcanoes are created when microorganisms release various juices to break down the organic matter underneath the earth’s surface. As a result, organic matter breaks down and releases various gases. These gases then rise to the surface and create small craters of bubbling mud, called mud volcanoes.

The volcanoes are not pretty, or even remotely appealing visually, but if you are interested in scientific exploration, this will be a worthy visit for you. They are nature’s wonderful play, with average temperature at any active volcano ranging 100 degrees centigrade to as low as 2 degrees. Some people also use the volcanoes for a mud bath, especially the ones in lower temperature range.

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• Witness the spectacle of Andaman's Mud Volcanoes, a rare geothermal phenomenon not commonly seen elsewhere.
• Set out on an adventurous 14-kilometre trek through the dense forests of Baratang Island to reach the fascinating Mud Volcanoes.
• Learn about the science behind these natural phenomena with informative guides and signboards enriching your visit.
• Observe geothermal activity up close, where mud and gas bubble to the surface in a mesmerising display.
• Discover how locals use the mud for medicinal and craft purposes, emphasising the importance of these mud volcanoes in the region.

How To Reach

By Road and Ferry:

From Port Blair, the journey to the Mud Volcanoes involves both road and ferry transport due to the geographic layout of the islands. The Mud Volcano is located 100 kilometres north of Port Blair. First, you need to reach the Middle Strait Jetty in Port Blair, covering a distance of 89.4 kilometres. This will take around 2.5 to 3 hours. On the way, you can also see the dense tropical forests of the Jarawa Reserve. Upon reaching the Middle Strait Jetty, you can take a ferry to get to the Nilambur Jetty on Baratang Island, which takes 30 minutes. After reaching Baratang, the Mud Volcanoes are just 160 metres away. 

Alternatively, you can take a bus from the STS Bus Terminal in Port Blair's Aberdeen Bazaar. It is 6.9 kilometres from the city centre and takes 15 to 20 minutes to reach. From the bus terminal, you can reach Jirkatang which is 47.3 kilometres away. This bus journey will take around 1 to 1.5 hours. Upon reaching Jirkatang, you can avail of shared transportation and drive to Baratang. This takes 2 to 3 hours and covers a distance of 59.8 kilometres. You can easily reach the Mud Volcanoes from Baratang on foot.

Other Essential Information

1. Places to visit near Mud Volcanoes

Chidiya Tapu - witness the sheer variety of indigenous and migratory birds at this lonesome island, enjoy seclusion and serenity like never before, and explore the lush green forests. Hang out by the beach, watch emerald doves sailing through the skies.

Limestone Caves - witness the fascinating formation of Limestone Caves just a few kilometres from Mud Volcanoes. The distinct floral patterns are mesmerizing, and patterns are spread all over the walls and ceilings, lending the place a striking beauty.

Cellular Jail - A historical landmark that is a must-visit destination in andaman not only because of its significance in India’s struggle for independence but also because of its serene environs.

Check out some more places to see in Port Blair.

2. Things/ Activities to do near Mud Volcanoes

Bird watching - Baratang Island hosts birds of all varieties around the year. From red-breasted parakeets to white-bellied sea eagles, imperial green pigeons and scarlet minivets, this place is rife with exciting fauna, a haven for nature lovers.

Hiking: Baratang Island is famous for its lush green forests, stunning vistas, and mesmerizing views of the ocean. One of the most popular ways of getting close to nature here is hiking. There are plenty of trails that go through emerald forests that will take your breath away.

Explore the mangrove forests - the green blanket covering the island is unique in its beauty and will make your mind and soul rejuvenated like never before. A ride through the mangrove forests is truly life-changing.

Explore the list of things to do in Andaman and Nicobar.

3. Places to eat near Mud Volcanoes

There are no big and fancy restaurants or hotels at Baratang Island, but there are plenty of eateries and food stalls here where you can enjoy the local delicacies and hygienic food.There are a few food stalls near Nilambur jetty area where you can find South Indian and Bengali food at pocket-friendly costs. It is hot, tasty, and served with love. You can also find snack bars and chai points near Mud Volcanoes where you can buy almost any kind of refreshment. Don’t forget to try some coconut water and spiced buttermilk, if you want to beat the heat.

4. Places to stay near Mud Volcanoes

There are not many places offering accommodation near Mud Volcanoes. Baratang is an untouched island, and there are slim to none luxury properties here.The three government guesthouses are only open to government officials, however, you can get a room here if you book your accommodation several months in advance. There is only one private resort on the entire island, and that is Dew Dale. Although the resort is a little far from Mud Volcanoes and the city centre, the rooms are clean and airy here. Don't forget to book a room before you come here.

5. Best Time to visit Mud Volcanoes

Mud Volcanoes are best visited during the winter season, which is from November to February. In summers, it gets too hot at the island to go sightseeing, and the scorching heat will limit your exploration. During monsoons, harsh weather may cause flight cancellations and you may get stranded.

6. Travellers' Tip before visiting Mud Volcanoes

Get a permit to visit the Baratang Island, before you leave for Mud Volcanoes. You should also carry essential medication because medical facilities in Baratang are not top shelf. The island is inhabited by Jarawa Tribe, and the government forbids from interacting with the tribesmen or taking their photos.

7. Entry Fee and Photography allowed in Mud Volcanoes

There is no entry fee to visit Mud Volcanoes, as it is a publicly owned destination. Photography is also allowed here, and there are no extra charges you have to pay to carry a camera. In fact, the only money you will be spending is the ferry ticket.

8. Visiting Time & Duration for Mud Volcanoes

Mud Volcanoes are open to the public 24 hours. However, it is not advisable to stay out in the wild after dark. This is because the island is home to one of the most dangerous tribes in the world, and it is better to finish sightseeing before dusk. It will take you 1-2 hours to finish exploring Mud Volcanoes.

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