Historical Places in Assam
Hajo Powa Mecca
Powa Mecca, which is considered to be one of the most sought after monuments in Assam, figuratively alludes to possessing some of the sanctity of Mecca. This is where Pir Giasuddin Auliya, an Islamic pioneer, is buried.
During the reign of Mughal Emperor Shahjahan, it was built by Mir Lutufullah-i-Shiraji in 1657. It is also thought that the earth imported from Mecca was used to lay the foundation of the Mosque here.
Location: 6GRR+P3V, No.1 Bhelkar, Assam 781102
Rang Ghar, Sibsagar
Rang Ghar, also known as the 'Colosseum of the East,' is one of Asia's oldest remaining amphitheatres and one of the popular monuments in Assam. The name means 'House of Entertainment,' and it dates from 1746 A.D., when the Ahoms ruled present-day Assam. This monument is a significant structure that exemplifies the architectural perfection and majesty of the period.
Originally, Ahom emperor Swargadeo Pramatta Singha erected the two-story structure to be utilised by Ahom kings and nobles to watch events like buffalo battles and other sports staged at the adjacent Rupahi Pathar. During the Rangauli Bihu celebration, it was used as a royal sports pavilion.
Location: Rang Ghar Rd, Joysagar, Dicial Dhulia Gaon, Assam 785697
Talatal Ghar, Sibsagar
The Talatal Ghar, also known as the Rangpur Palace, is one of the most remarkable examples of Tai Ahom architecture. It is located in Assam's northern area and it is the world's largest Ahom monument, not just as a memorial to Assamese culture and history, but also as the largest of all Ahom monuments.
Talatal Ghar should be on the bucket list of history and architecture enthusiasts. The upper ground level of the Talatal Ghar with a classic Mughal architecture style is known as Kareng Ghar and was utilised as a live-in palace by the Assamese king. Swargdeo Rajeswar Singha's successor, Raja Swargdeo Rudra Singha, added these top levels to the Talatal Ghar during his reign.
Location: Duboroni Ali Rd, Joysagar, Dicial Dhulia Gaon, Assam 785697
Timing: 8:00 AM - 4:00 PM
Surya Pahar, Goalpara
Surya Pahar in Assam is known as an Archaeologist's Gold Mine due to numerous archaeological findings. Surya Pahar, 12 kilometres from the Goalpara district is a lesser-known historical site in Assam that you should visit. Surya Pahar, which translates to "Hill of the Sun," is supposed to have been associated with the cult of sun worship.
In addition, the items discovered at this location have been displayed at a local museum. According to locals, there are 99,999 Shiva Lingas at this historic Assam location. They also claim that this is one of Assam's hidden historical sites, full of stories, riddles, and hidden treasures.
For Buddhists, Hindus, and Jains, this location is historically and religiously significant. Surya Pahar is even designated as one of Assam's most important ancient remnants heritage sites.
Location: 4P55+896, Bhatiapara, Assam 783101
Timing: 6:00 AM - 6:00 PM
If you're in Darang, make a point of visiting Satras to learn about Assam's unique and diverse culture. Sankardeva and his followers founded Satras, which were similar to monasteries in construction. Apart from performing Bhagawatee Baishnav, it also displays a variety of art forms that were and are being fostered here, one of which is Satriya Art.
In Darang, there are two Satras: Khatara Stra, which is one of the oldest and is located 22 kilometres from Mangaldai in Dilipa, and Dihing Satra, which is 45 kilometres from Mangaldai in Kurua.
Khaspur, a lovely village in Assam's Cachar district, is barely 20 kilometres from Silchar. It is one of the most visited historical places of Assam and is home to the Dimasa Kingdom's ruins, which are a spectacular sight to behold. A king's temple, a Lion Gate, and a Sun Gate, all of which are centuries old, may be found here. Although the king's palace is nearly defunct, the massive entrance gates still stand tall.
These gates are designed in the shape of an elephant. Khaspur was ruled by a tributary monarch when it was a part of the Tripura Kingdom. After Koch's influence crumbled, it became self-governing.
The control of Khaspur passed to Kachari monarchs after the last of the Koch rulers died, and they relocated their capital to Khaspur.
Charaideo, one of the most sought after historical places of Assam, was the capital of the Ahom dynasty, and it was founded by Sukhapa. It is approximately 28 kilometres away from Sibsagar. The 'Assam Pyramids', located in Nagaland's foothills are a popular name for this location. Many of the Ahom emperors' and queens' graves are located here, and they are considered to be exceedingly holy.
On the hilltop of Charaideo, there are around 42 tombs of kings and queens. The architecture of these tombs is comparable to Egyptian pyramids, and it displays the outstanding work of Assamese masons throughout the mediaeval period. The major attraction of this site is its burial vaults, which contain a great deal of information about the Ahom monarchs' lifestyles and cultures.
The octagonal dwarf that completely covers the entire tomb or maidam is the tomb's principal architectural element. The flowery architecture on the underground vaults will enchant you, and the chambers are completely covered in clay mounds.
Sukapha Samannay Kshetra, Jorhat
Sukapha Samannay Kshetra is one of the notable historical places of Assam that is dedicated to the first Ahom ruler of Assam, Sukapha. Between Mohbandha, near Jorhat and Dergaon, is the Sukapha Samannay Kshetra. Sukapha was the founder of the Ahom monarchy, which lasted over 600 years.
Sukapha, a Thai royal, arrived in the area after climbing the Patkai mountain range and he was the driving force for the region's tribal and non-tribal peoples coming together. The Sukaphas Samannay Kshetra was constructed in an attempt to honour and maintain Sukapha's illustrious leadership.
Location: AT road, Mohbondha Rd, Jorhat, Assam 785006
Timing: 10:00 AM - 4:00 PM
Ladai Garh, Jorhat
Ladai Garh, one of the must visit historical places of Assam, is a braced building located about 13 kilometres from the destination. The Swalat Garh is located to the north, while the Ladai Garh is located to the south. Ladai Garh, built by ruler Pratap Sinha is a revitalised building that was built to protect the village from intruders.
Ladai Garh is around 13 kilometres from Jorhat's city centre. The fortification is divided into three sections, each with its own heading - Mera Garh, Swalat Garh, and Ladai Garh are the three portions.
Patharughat Swaheed Minar, Darang
The Darrang district's principal attractions are its stunning temples, sanctuaries, and ancient ruins. The Patharughat Swaheed Minar is one of the district's historical landmarks. This tourist attraction is roughly 16 kilometres from Mangaldai and is regarded as one of Assam's most important destinations.
This minar was built in honour of the victims of the Jallianwala Bagh incident who were of Assamese descent. A visit to this location is a statement of appreciation for those noble spirits who have shaped our Indian history.
The minar's architecture is magnificent, and it is a work of art created by the engineers of the time. The presence of flora that surrounds the entire area adds to the attractiveness of the monument.
Location: 16 kms away from Mangaldai