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Roman Monuments

The Colosseum, The Imperial Forum, Trevi Fountain, PantheonRoman ForumPiazza NavonaAltar of the FatherlandSpanish Steps, Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterano, Arch of Titus and many more.

Rome is a city with a long and rich history and as a result, there are a large number of monuments scattered throughout the city that serve as reminders of its past. Some of these monuments are more well-known than others, such as the Colosseum and the Pantheon. However, there are many other lesser-known but equally impressive Monuments in Rome.

For anyone interested in learning about the rich history of Rome, a visit to its many monuments is a must. Roman monuments are not only incredibly old, but also well-preserved. Many of them are still in use today, which is a testament to their design and construction. Some of these include the iconic Trevi Fountain, which is one of the most beautiful fountains in the world, or the magnificent Arch of Titus, which is a Roman triumphal arch that dates back to 82 AD. These Rome monuments are not only guaranteed to keep you in awe, but also offer you amazing insights into how the city has maintained its position as one of the most historically significant places in the world.

Here are the best Monuments to visit in Rome:

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The Colosseum

  • The Colosseum, or the Coliseum, originally the Flavian Amphitheatre, is one of the most famous monuments in rome
  • Built of travertine, tuff, and brick-faced concrete, it is the largest amphitheatre in the world, and is considered one of the greatest works of Roman architecture and engineering
  • The Colosseum was used for gladiatorial contests and public spectacles such as mock sea battles, animal hunts, executions, reenactments of famous battles, and dramas based on Classical mythology
  • The building ceased to be used for entertainment in the early medieval era Despite its partial ruined state, it is an iconic symbol of Imperial Rome and is amongst the New Seven Wonders of the World

Location: Piazza del Colosseo, 1, 00184 Roma RM, Italy

Opening Hours: 09:00 a.m. to 04:30 p.m. 

Click Here To Book: Colosseum Tickets

Read More: Day Trips From Florence

The Imperial Forum

  • The Imperial Forum is one of the most impressive and well-preserved ancient ruins in the world, in addition to being amongst the most popular roman monuments
  • This massive public square was the center of the Roman Empire, and it was used for everything from political speeches to public executions
  • In the center of the plaza is a statue of Julius Caesar, and at the far end is the Arch of Constantine
  • The Forum is home to many ancient ruins, including the Temple of Saturn, the Temple of Vesta, and the House of the Vestal Virgins Today, the Forum is a popular tourist destination, and it is a fascinating place to explore the history of the Roman Empire

Location: Via dei Fori Imperiali, 00187 Roma RM, Italy

Opening Hours: 09:00 a.m. to 07:15 p.m. 

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Trevi Fountain

  • The Trevi Fountain is one of the most popular tourist attractions and rome monuments
  • It is located in the Trevi district, and is the largest baroque fountain in the city
  • The fountain was designed by Nicola Salvi, and took 30 years to build
  • It is made of travertine, and is 85 feet high and 65 feet wide boasting of its marvellous structure
  • The Trevi Fountain is one of the most photographed fountains in the world, and is a popular spot for visitors to throw coins into to get their wishes fulfilled

Piazza di Trevi, 00187 Roma RM, Italy

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Also Checkout And Book: Trevi Fountain Tour


  • The Pantheon is a Roman temple that was completed in 125 AD, and ranks as one of the best Monuments in Rome
  • It is one of the best-preserved of all Ancient Roman buildings, and it has been in continuous use throughout its history
  • The Pantheon has an interior to marvel at because of its sheer precision and enormous depth.
  • The Pantheon is a circular building with a portico of large granite Corinthian columns

Location: Piazza della Rotonda, 00186 Roma RM, Italy

Opening Hours: 09:00 a.m. to 7:30 p.m. (Monday-Saturday)
09:00 a.m. to 06:00 a.m.  (Sunday)

Click Here to Book Now: Pantheon Tickets

Suggested Read: Things To Do In Florence

Roman Forum

  • Another one of the most famous monuments in rome is the Roman Forum, which was the center of public life in Rome for centuries
  • It was the site of public speeches, elections, and criminal trials, and was also home to a number of important temples and government buildings
  • The Forum also served as the scene of some of the most important events in Roman history, including the assassination of Julius Caesar
  • As of today, some of the attractions in the Roman Forum include the Arch of Titus, the Temple of Venus, as well as the Basilica of Constantine 

Location: Via della Salara Vecchia, 5/6, 00186 Roma RM, Italy

Opening Hours: 09:00 a.m. to 06:30 p.m. 

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Piazza Navona

  • Ranked amongst the top roman monuments is Piazza Navona, which is also one of the most iconic squares of the city, known for its beautiful Baroque architecture and stunning fountains
  • The piazza is home to three fountains, the most famous of which is the Fontana dei Quattro Fiumi or Fountain of the Four Rivers
  • It is also home to the Church of Sant'Agnese in Agone, a Baroque church designed by Francesco Borromini
  • Piazza Navona is a popular gathering spot for both locals and tourists and is one of the best places to people watch in the city

Location: Campus Martius, Rome

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Altar of the Fatherland

  • When looking for stunning rome monuments, visit the Altar of the Fatherland which is also known as the Monumento Nazionale a Vittorio Emanuele II.
  • On the top of the monument there is a statue of the goddess Victoria, who is holding a laurel wreath and a sword
  • Get a chance to experience the history of Italy's unification as you enter the monuments sacrum of flags and the sacrum of the navy

Location: Piazza Venezia, 00186 Roma RM, Italy

Opening Hours: 09:00 a.m. to 07:00 p.m. 

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Spanish Steps

  • The Spanish Steps are a series of steps that are amongst the best Monuments in Rome
  • Made of white marble, the Spanish Steps are a popular destination for tourists
  • The monument is a beautiful sight and the church of Trinita dei Monti is a stunning example of 15th century architecture

Location: Piazza di Spagna, 00187 Roma RM, Italy

Opening Hours: 6:00 a.m. to 4:30 p.m.

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Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterano

  • The Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterano, Rome, is the cathedral church of the Diocese of Rome, and the official ecclesiastical seat of the Bishop of Rome, who is the Pope
  • Being one of the oldest and largest churches in the world, it is situated on the Caelian Hill, and is amongst the most famous monuments in rome 
  • It is the most important of the four major basilicas in Rome 
  • The basilica is decorated with a number of important works of art, including a 12th-century mosaic of Christ in the apse, and a 13th-century fresco of the Last Judgement in the nave
  • It also contains the Sancta Sanctorum, the private chapel of the Pope, which houses the relics of a number of saints, including St. Peter, St. Paul, and St. Lawrence

Location: P.za di S. Giovanni in Laterano, 4, 00184 Roma RM, Italy

Opening Hours: 07:00 a.m. to 06:30 p.m.

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Arch of Titus

  • The Arch of Titus is a triumphal arch and most significant roman monuments 
  • It was constructed in 82 AD by the Roman Emperor Domitian to commemorate the victory of his brother Titus in the Siege of Jerusalem in 70 AD
  • It is decorated with reliefs of scenes from the siege, including the Roman army carrying the spoils of the Temple of Jerusalem back to Rome
  • The marvellous Arch is also the oldest surviving triumphal arch of ancient rome 

Location: Via Sacra, 00186 Roma RM, Italy

Opening Hours: 09:00 a.m. to 07:00 p.m. 

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Palatine Hill

  • When looking for some of the oldest rome monuments, the Palatine Hill is the place to be
  • It is the centremost of the Seven Hills of Rome and is one of the most ancient parts of the city
  • It stands 40 metres above the Roman Forum, looking down upon it on one side, and upon the Circus Maximus on the other
  • Many of the finest Roman homes were built on the Palatine, including the House of Augustus, the House of Livia, and the House of the Vestal Virgins

Location: Rome, Italy

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Book Now: Palantine Hill Tour

Piazza del Popolo

  • The Piazza del Popolo is a large urban square and one of the most famous Monuments in Rome
  • It is situated on the site of the ancient Porta Flaminia, the gateway to the city from the north, and is currently surrounded by three major roads: Via del Corso, Via di Ripetta and Via del Babuino
  • The name "del Popolo" literally means "of the people", and it was originally intended to be a square where the people of Rome could gather for public events
  • The piazza has been the site of many important historical events, most notably the unification of Italy in 1871
  • The piazza also contains two churches, Santa Maria del Popolo and Santa Maria dei Miracoli, as well as the mausoleum of the artist Raphael

Location: Piazza del Popolo, 00187 Roma RM, Italy

Opening Hours: 09:00 a.m. to 09:00 p.m. 

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Villa Farnesina

  • Another one of the top rome monuments is Villa Farnesina, which is a beautiful Renaissance villa in the city
  • It is one of the few private residences in Rome that has a private garden, complete with a number of fountains and sculptures
  • The exterior is decorated with frescoes by some of the most famous Renaissance artists, including Raphael and Sebastiano del Piombo
  • The interior is no less impressive, with its ornate ceilings and walls covered in frescoes and tapestries

Location: Via della Lungara, 230, 00165 Roma RM, Italy

Opening Hours: 09:00 a.m. to 02:00 p.m. (Closed on Sunday)

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Piazza Venezia

  • Ranked as one of the most famous Monuments in Rome, Piazza Venezia is a large square in the city
  • It is named after the Venetian city of Venice and is located at the foot of the Capitoline Hill
  • The piazza is home to several important monuments, including the Monument to Vittorio Emanuele II, the Palazzo Venezia, and the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier
  • The building is now home to the Museum of the Risorgimento, which chronicles the history of the Italian unification movement

Location: Rome, Italy

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Centro Storico

  • Rome's Centro Storico is a great place to gain insights about the city's past
  • This historic district, which is also one of the best Monuments in Rome, is full of ancient ruins, medieval churches, and Renaissance palaces
  • The Centro Storico is located in the heart of Rome, between the Tiber River and the Campidoglio
  • This area was once the center of the Roman Empire, and it still retains its old-world charm
  • It is also a great place to find traditional Italian restaurants and shops

Location: Lazio, Rome, Italy

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People Also Ask About Rome

  1. What are the famous Monuments in Rome?

    • The Colosseum:
    The Colosseum is an iconic ancient Roman amphitheatre located in the centre of Rome which is considered as one of the greatest works of Roman architecture and engineering.  It is the largest amphitheatre in the world, and could accommodate up to 80,000 spectators and is referred to as one of the best monuments in Rome.

    • Roman Forum:
    The Roman Forum was one of those rome monuments that was used for public speeches, criminal trials, and other public events. It was also a popular place to shop, eat, and socialize. The forum now stands as a tourist attraction for the visitors with places of interest such as the Arch of Septimius Severus, the Curia, Column of Phocas and many more.

    • Pantheon
    The Pantheon is one of the best Monuments in Rome and is currently a church that is amongst the most-preserved ancient buildings in the city.  At the pantheon you can visit the tomb of the renaissance artist Raphael, explore the Oculus, termed as the opening to the heavens and gaze at the marvellous architecture that is a coffered concrete dome, the biggest of its type.

    • St. Peter’s Basilica
    St. Peter's Basilica, located in Rome, Italy, is a world-renowned church that is the centrepiece of the Vatican City. Saint Peter's is the largest church in the world, and it is considered to be one of the holiest Catholic sites, in addition to being one of the oldest rome monuments. The basilica is home to many important relics, including the tomb of Saint Peter.
  2. Which one is the oldest monument in Rome?

    Out of all the Monuments in Rome, the Pantheon is the oldest monument in the city. It was built in 27 BC by the Roman statesman and general Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa as a temple to the gods of Olympus. The Pantheon was rebuilt by the Emperor Hadrian in about 126 AD. Since the 7th century, it has served as a Roman Catholic Church, and is considered as one of the most significant rome monuments.
  3. What is Rome famous for?

    Rome is best known for its stunning ancient architecture, like the Colosseum and the Pantheon. It's also famous for being the home of the Vatican City, the smallest country in the world. Rome is a popular tourist destination for its rich history and culture. Additionally, the city is also famous for incredible food, gardens and art, in addition to the many Monuments in Rome.
  4. What is the best time to explore rome?

    The best time to explore Rome is between the months of April to June, and then from September to November. The weather is usually mild and sunny between April and June, making it ideal for sightseeing and walking around the city. Between September and November, there are fewer tourists, so it is easier to get around, enjoy the sights without large crowds, or even explore the Monuments in Rome.
  5. What are the best places to visit in rome?

    There are so many wonderful places to visit in Rome and some of the best places include the Colosseum, the Vatican, and the Pantheon. Of course, no trip to Rome would be complete without a visit to the Trevi Fountain and the Spanish Steps. For a truly unique experience, be sure to check out the Arch of Titus, which is one of the best Monuments in Rome.
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