10 Historical Places To Visit in Egypt For A Historical Day Out

Egypt Historical Sites

1. Pyramid of Giza
2. Abu Simbel
3. Saqqara
4. Villa of the Birds
5. El Alamein Battlefield
6. Dendera
7. Underground Library of Alexandria
8. Luxor Temple
9. Valley of the Kings
10. Pompey's Pillar

Egypt, known as the 'The Land of Ra', is popular across the world for its ancient monuments and culture. There are many historical places in Egypt, including the Philae Temple, Valley of the Kings, and more. All of these places are a lot more than just being historical sites. They represent a time when gods used to walk on the Earth, and Pharaohs used to be the leaders. 

Most of the Egypt tour packages include places like the Pyramids of Giza, and the Sphinx. These historical monuments tell many stories about the nation's culture, traditions, and religious practices. Many of the historic places in Egypt are even listed among UNESCO World Heritage sites. The places reveal many facts about one of the most advanced civilizations of the ancient era - the Egyptians.

The town Cairo, would be a perfect example of how much of history Egypt holds within itself. A Cairo trip would be super fun to have in your itinerary because the city is a perfect blend of ancient and modern Egypt. It is home to many attractions such as Khan el-Khalili Bazaar, and the Egyptian Museum.

Egypt, is a magical land that is home to historical monuments, beautiful landscapes, and ancient artifacts. It's a place like no other, and takes you back to the time where Gods and humans existed together.

Here is the list of best historical places in Egypt:

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Pyramid of Giza

The Pyramids of Giza were built during the Golden Age in Egypt. It is one of the most historical places in Egypt and is also  listed among the Seven Ancient Wonders of the World. It is a symbol of the power and status of the Pharaohs that once ruled the region. This grand structure is actually Pharaoh Khufu's tomb, who's granite coffin still rests within. Are you wondering about how these Pyramids were built back then? You're not alone, even the top scientists in the world are still looking for answers.

Location: Al Haram, Nazlet El-Semman, Al Haram, Giza Governorate, Egypt

Timings: 8:00 AM to 4:00 PM (Everyday)

Entry fee: INR 420 per Adult (Approx)

Abu Simbel

The Abu Simbel was hidden from the world until a Swiss researcher discovered it in 1813. The temple is carved out of sandstone, and it is located on the west side of the river Nile. You could admire the 66-foot tall statue of Ramses II, at the entrance of the temple. Ramses II dedicated the temple to Amon-Re and Re-Horakhte, the sun gods. Admire the brilliance of the architecture, a symbol of protection and unity.

Location: Abu Simbel, Aswan Governorate, Egypt

Timings: 5:00 AM to 6:00 PM (Everyday)
*Hours may differ during Eid-al-Fitr

Entry fee: INR 430 per Adult (Approx)


Saqqara, an ancient Egyptian village in Giza, is a treat for history lovers across the globe. It is one of those historical places in Egypt that'll always hold a special place in your heart. Take a look at the stone building complex, known to be the oldest in world's history. The step pyramid at Saqqara, is believed to be the first attempt by the Egyptians at building a pyramid. Admire another one of UNESCO's World Heritage Sites, and get inspired by human creativity and spirituality.

Location: Badrshein, Giza Governorate, Egypt

Timings: 8:00 AM to 4:00 PM (Everyday) 
*Hours may differ during Eid-al-Fitr

Entry fee: INR 260 per Adult (Approx)

Villa of the Birds

Villa of the Birds is one of the best historical places to visit in Egypt. It was discovered in 1998 in Alexandria, and is popular for its beautifully textured sidewalk. The flooring has a lovely mosaic design that features detailed pictures of birds like parrot, peacock, and more. Admire the Villa's Roman architecture and check out the baths and gymnasium below the street level. You will be amazed to know that as the excavations continue, experts are discovering more. A couple of years ago, a temple from the Ptolemic-era was uncovered. Exploring the Villa of Birds is a must when it comes to visiting some of the historical places in Egypt.

Location: Badrshein, Giza Governorate, Egypt

Timings: 8:00 AM to 4:00 PM (Everyday) 
*Hours may differ during Eid-al-Fitr

Entry fee: INR 260 per Adult (Approx)

El Alamein Battlefield

Pay respects at the El Alamein Battlefield, and explore the sands that once saw World War II. . It is considered one of the most important historical places in Egypt. A battle at this field once helped in gaining control over the Suez Canal and important resources in the Middle East. This battlefield is a symbol of the sacrifices made by soldiers during the war. You could go to the monument and honor the sacrifices of the war's martyrs.

Location: Al Alameen City, El Alamein, Marsa Matrouh Governorate, Egypt

7:00 AM to 5:00 PM (Everyday) 
*Hours may differ during Eid-al-Fitr

Entry fee: Need to confirm


Dendera is a small city located on the west side of the river Nile. It is home to many attractions such as the Temple of Hathor. It is the main temple located in the complex and is dedicated to the goddess Hathor. The goddess was associated with music, joy, and love. Admire the huge pillars and the detailed carvings inside the temple. You could also check out the Sacred Lake, which once used to be the source of water for religious practices and daily use.

Location: Qism Qena, Qena, Qena Governorate, Egypt

6:00 AM to 5:00 PM (Everyday)

Entry fee: INR 180 per Adult (Approx)

Underground Library of Alexandria

The underground library of Alexandria is another place worth mentioning among the historical places in Egypt. It is located under a Serapeum, a temple dedicated to Serapis, the 'god of all'. You will find a series of tunnels and rooms under the ruins of Serapeum. The locals believe this library is where a collection from the Great Library of Alexandria was kept. The underground tunnels were also a spot where writers and scholars used to hold meetings.

Location: Luxor City, Luxor, Luxor Governorate, Egypt

Timings: 9:00 AM to 4:30 PM (Everyday)

Entry fee: INR 50 per Adult (Approx)

Luxor Temple

Luxor Temple was named after a Roman army fort near the temple 'Al Uqsure', meaning 'fortifications'. You must be guessing if this is another temple dedicated to a god, well, this one is different. This temple during the ancient times, was used as a spot for crowning the Pharaohs. So, it is believed to have been a place for various ceremonies. It is known among the famous historical places in Egypt, and is also listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. You can take a walk along the 'Avenue of Sphinxes', which was once a route connecting the Luxor Temple to the Karnak Temple.

Location: Luxor City, Luxor, Luxor Governorate, Egypt

Timings: 6:00 AM to 10:00 PM (Everyday)

Entry fee: INR 75 per Adult (Approx)

Valley of Kings

Explore the Valley of Kings, another place listed among the top historical places to visit in Egypt. It is a royal burial ground which was built in the era of the New Kingdom. You'll find that most of the tombs in the valley belong to the pharaohs. You can visit the 62 tombs, each of which features a unique design. The designs were made this way in order to confuse the thieves and protect the Pharaohs. You can also explore the Valley of the Queens, popular to be the burial grounds for the Egyptian queens.

Location: Luxor, Luxor Governorate, Egypt

6:00 AM to 4:00 PM (Everyday) 

Entry fee:
INR 105 per Adult (Approx)

Pompey’s Pillar

You can visit the Pompey’s Pillar, one of the most famous historical places in Egypt. It is a single column made of granite, located near the ruins of the Serapeum of Alexandria. Tourists also know it by the name 'The Last Standing Monument'. This is because of the fact that it's the only historic monument which still stands tall. You must be thinking about how old it actually is. Well, it's a popular belief among the locals that it's more than 1600 years old.

Location: Pompey's Pillar, Karmouz, Alexandria Governorate, Egypt

Timings: 6:00 AM to 4:00 PM (Everyday)

Entry Fee: INR 105 per Adult (Approx)

People Also Ask About Egypt

  1. What are some famous historical places to visit in Egypt?

    • Pyramid of Giza: It is considered to be one of the most historical places in Egypt. Located in the 3rd largest city of Egypt, these pyramids are also home to the Sphinx. The 66-feet tall Sphinx, is known to be the biggest monolith statue across the globe. 
    • Abu Simbel Temple: Admire the four 20-meters tall statues of the pharaoh at the entrance. You can also take a look at the detailed carvings that portray the victories of Ramesses II. If you're looking for the best historical places to visit in Egypt, Abu Simbel Temple is a must visit.
    • Dendera: The temple complex is among the list of the most famous historical places in Egypt. The main temple in Dendera Complex, was dedicated to the goddess Hathor. Get a chance to explore the temple of Hathor, the goddess of beauty, love, dancing, and pleasure. 
    • Luxor Temple: The temple's architecture had multiple sections. Each section used was designed to serve a special purpose. The ancient Egyptians used to carry out all of their festivities at the temple. Are you wondering why there's just one pillar at the temple complex? Well, one of the pillars was gifted to the French people by an Egyptian King. You'll find the pillar by the name 'The Luxor Obelisk', sitting in the heart of Paris. If you’re out on a tour of the most famous historical places in Egypt, the Luxor Temple is a must-visit.
  2. What is the most historical place in Egypt?

    Egypt is known to be home to many historical places. You could visit the 4500-year-old Pyramids of Giza, which offer a glimpse into the history of Pharaohs. Explore the Karnak Temple, which is a complex of obelisks and temples built to honor different gods. You could also check out the Great Sphinx, which was built to protect the Pyramids of Giza.
  3. What is the most famous spot in Egypt?

    The Pyramids of Giza, are the most famous spot in all of Egypt. The pyramids were built more than 4300 years ago, and function as tombs for various Pharaohs. Even today, their magical architecture continues to amaze tourists and researchers across the globe. There's not an itinerary out there that does not have the Pyramids of Giza included in it. It is located in the southwest of Cairo, and is the kind of attraction that tourists don't like to miss out on.
  4. Why is Egypt so historical?

    Egypt, a nation with a 4,500-year history, is home to incredible infrastructure and a diverse culture. The pyramids, including the Great Pyramid of Giza, serve as everlasting monuments to pharaohs. The Temples, burial sites, and royal homes have been built on brick, mud, and stone foundations. The River Nile developed this ancient civilization and protected its cultural heritage. Egypt's historical appeal lives endlessly, from its mysterious symbols to the iconic Sphinx.
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