Periyar National Park is located in Kerala, also known as ‘God’s own country’. It is one of the most famous national parks of southern India and was established in 1950, covering an area of 925 square km. Surrounded by abundant and lush greenery, this wildlife sanctuary is home to a wide range of flora and fauna and was declared a Tiger Reserve in 1982.
Situated in the Idukki district, in the hills of the Western Ghats, the Periyar National Park is blessed with verdant greenery all around, which enables several breeds of animals and birds to live in their natural habitat.
The tiger, nilgiri tahrs and nilgiri langurs can be seen roaming in the wilderness in these parts. The main animals found here are elephants, tigers, nilgiri tahrs, nilgiri langurs, etc. you can also set your eyes on the, jungle cats, dhole, and the carmine mongoose. You will get to see several monkeys perched on top of trees and this is the abode of the famous species called the Macaque which has a long tail like the lion.
Image Credits : Lip Kee Yap - flickr
What’s more, the beautiful Periyar Lake and the Mullaperiyar Dam in the vicinity are amazing water bodies for wildlife to thrive here. The river Pamba also flows through this wildlife sanctuary, making it a lush landscape and a treasure trove of flora and fauna all year around.
You can find over 300 species of birds here. The migratory birds that flock to these parts include the, Kingfisher, Hornbill, Darters, and storks. A wide variety of creepy reptiles like the King Cobra and the Python can also be found slithering in these parts. You will also find orchids, rosewood, teak wood, bamboo, eucalyptus and several ferns flourishing here.
The nearest airport is Kochi – (200 kms) and Madurai in Tamil Nadu – (140 kms.) The nearest railway station in Periyar national park. Taxis and buses are available from Ernakulam, Madurai and Kottayam which is 114 kms away.