Available Group Departures:
April: 4, 6, 11, 18, 27
About the Everest Base Camp:
With its daunting summit soaring high up above the mountain, trekking in Everest Base camp is definitely the adventure for you. The Everest, one of the most sought after tourist destination in Nepal is known for its incandescent beauty with the magnificent peaks and hills. At an altitude of 29, 035 ft, Everest creates the perfect spot for the trekkers with the vast blue sky in the backdrop. Covered by the snow-capped mountains and the vast greenery, Everest Base Camp trek is one of the dream destinations for the trekkers. And the best thing about this place is that you will be in the midst of the friendliest people.
For a close encounter with the Everest summit, Everest Base Camp trek is the best trek for you. In this trek, you will be trekking to an altitude of 17,600 ft passing through the quaint villages, grassy paths, steep rocks etc. You will be trekking in the trails of the footsteps of legendary adventurers and mountaineer like Tenzing Norgay and Sir Edmund Hillary. Nothing beats the excitement and thrill that holds the travellers on while ascending the Everest and watching it very close.
EBC is a double treat for the nature lovers and the photography enthusiast where you can click some of the best shots. You will be experiencing a lot of snowfalls while you are on the trek. The moment you reach an altitude of 5365 meters you will feel as if you are standing in a globe of a snowball. Catch the first glimpse of the Khumbu icefall during your trek. Not just get a chance to explore the forest, valleys and waterfalls but also, you will get a chance to learn about the culture of the legendary people Sherpas who are known to be Mountain Climbers.
It’s time to take up your adventure to a whole new level. Not just treat yourself to this exciting trek but also learn a lot about the people and cultures of this region. Known for its magnificent beauty with the mountain peaks, glacial moraines and valleys, Everest Base Camp is the one place you wouldn't want to miss this year.
Everest Base Camp Trek Altitude: 18,513 ft
Everest Base Camp Trek Difficulty Level: Difficult
Airport: Kathmandu, Nepal
Starting and Ending Point: The trek starts and ends at Kathmandu.
ATM: Namche Bazaar has the last ATM point before your trek begins.
Everest Base Camp Highlights
- With the high passes and the white misty glaciers, Everest Base Camp trek will give you an experience of a lifetime.
- On this trek, you will trek to the foothills of the Everest, the world’s highest mountain.
- You will be trekking in some of the challenging treks like Kala Pattar, Nangkartshang Peak, and Everest Base Camp.
- Get a chance to explore the amazing beauty of the Katmandu and learn about the people and their culture.
- Visit the ancient Thami and Tengboche monasteries and investigate the beauty of the Sherpa village.
- Also, visit the school established by Sir Edmund Hillary in the mountain village of Khumjung.
Best Time to travel to Everest Base Camp Trek
Travelling to Mount Everest has its on-peak and off-peak seasons. For ordinary tourists, the golden season to take a Mt. Everest tour would be in April, May, early-June, September and October, and early November. At these times of the year, the skies are clearer, with very few days where visibility is even slightly limited.
There are very little rain and snow, and daytime temperatures, while not the hottest in the year, are well above freezing, and quite comfortable for trekking and touring the region. Although, you will still need some warm clothes for the nights, which can still get quite cold.
However, tours to Mount Everest can be arranged at any time of year, given an individuals’ unique preference. As long as you are not a professional mountaineer with a particular time frame to summit the mountain, Everest Base Camp welcomes you whenever you come.
Tips for Everest Base Camp
1) Bring enough money: There are no ATMs in Lukla, so one is advised to carry enough money with them in case of need for an emergency. And even for buying trekking equipments in Kathmandu. It is one of the best and cheapest place to buy the same.
2) Bring your own Tea: Yes, tea is very expensive at the Everest. But getting hot water won’t cost you much. Carry your own tea bags to be used while on the trek.
3) Mentally prepare yourself: As this is not an easy trek, you should prepare yourself mentally for the task that is ahead of you. This means, be prepared for extreme weather conditions, All accommodation on the trek to Everest Base Camp is in small tea houses, run by the local Sherpa people or Mountain Lodges. There are options for showers lower down on the trail, if you decide to use them, however, many people keep clean by using baby wipes and a bowl of warm water each day. The toilet situations can be difficult at times, as in the tea houses they are generally not Western-style toilets, rather just a hole in the ground instead of a toilet bowl.
4) What to Carry: Warm clothes, sunglasses, trekking boots, gloves, trekking stick, woollen caps among other trekking equipments you want to carry. However, the most important thing to bring is a good pair of trekking shoes that you have hiked in previously. Kathmandu is a great place to buy trekking clothes that are both cheap and of decent quality. If you can bring your own sleeping bag otherwise you can rent one for about 500-600 rupees a day.
5) Prepare for extreme weather: If it’s sunny you might be surprised at how warm it can get during the day. Most trekkers wear t-shirts and shorts for the first few days while the elevation is still low. When the sun sets the temperatures to drop quick. Wear a warm hat while sleeping and take a Nalgene bottle filled with hot water and keep it in your sleeping bag to stay warm.
6) Stay Hydrated: Make sure to drink plenty of water while on the trek. Do carry extra water bottles with you at all times.
7) Altitude Headaches: A headache can be one of the first signs of altitude problems. Do carry suitable medications for the same. Small headaches are common and should not stop you from trekking or worry you. However, if it persists or increases, it might be advisable to ascend or even trek down.
8) Avoid the Sun: Taking care of your skin and eyes are important. Sunburns happen much quicker at high elevation so make sure to apply sunscreen a few times a day and wear a hat. Sunglasses are a must-have and if you wear prescription glasses it’s good to come to Nepal with a pair of prescription sunglasses or at least clip-on.
9) Dress in Layers: Layering allows you to easily regulate your body temperature and stay comfortable while trekking. It’s even better if your layers have zippers so that you have even more control of your body temperature.
10) Bring a camera: This trek is one of the most beautiful Himalayan Treks. So much so, that one would want to stop at every step and take pictures to make memories for life.
11) Bring Extra Batteries/Charging Packs: In the cold, your batteries will die much quicker than they do at home. This holds true for basically every kind of electronics you'll be using from phones to cameras to kindles. While some of the tea houses allow you to charge things, they all charge you for it (some more than others). An easy way to avoid this is to bring spare batteries and a portable charger.
Durbar Square Kathmandu
The palace here is stunningly decorated and the overall areas reflect the beauty of Nepalese culture. The palaces and the square itself have gone through reconstruction on several occasions.People of finer taste should add this place to their list of best places to visit in Nepal trip.
Highlights: The place includes museum and other parts of the palace here are opened for visitors. The place is home to Kumari Chok as well- it is one of the most curious attractions of Nepal. Here, a gilded cage contains Kumari, a girl who was chosen to be the human reincarnation of Hindu Goddess, Durga.this mere fact alone this place among places to visit near Kathmandu.
Entry Fee: Free
Location: Durbar Square, Kathmandu.
Timings: From early morning to night.
Highlights:The sunrise view of the Mount Everest and other peaks gives this place a considerable edge. The major highlight of this place is the fact that 8 out of 13 Himalayan ranges in Nepal are visible from this place. The place is known for its views of the Kathmandu valley, Shivapuri National Park, Numbur Forest, Rolwaling range, Ganesh himal and Langtang range.
The location is actually quite strategic. Once upon a time, this place served as the ancient fort for Kathmandu valley. At that point of time, it was used to monitor other kingdoms. Today, it is a popular hill station, where you can stay and enjoy a blissful holiday.
Location: Nagarkot, Bhaktapur District.
Best Time To Visit: October to March.
Visit Swayambhunath Stupa
The temples are painted with the eyes and eyebrows of the Buddha with the number 1 in local script painted as the nose of the lord, which is a sight to behold in itself.
Timings: Open 24 hours throughout the Year
Price: Rs 200 for foreign nationals to go to the Swayambhu Stupa
Visit Indra Chowk
Highlights: Apart from the market, one of the biggest highlights of this place is the Sky Temple. This particular temple has four metal lions that appear to be rearing over the street. It also includes two more brass lions at the entrance, where non-Hindus can’t enter. The market here, hidden in alleyways to the east are a must visit, especially if you want to eat some local food or wish to buy beads and bangles sold by the indigenous people of this region, making it a great tourist place in Kathmandu.
Location: Makhan Tole, Kathmandu.
Timings:Open from morning till evening.
Visit Narayanhiti Palace
Highlights:This palace is also the place where Prince Dipendra massacred his family in 2001. The place is morbidly market and the bullet holes are still visible on some of the walls. But nevertheless, this place offers a peek into the regal lifestyle of the royals, the one that people only dream about.
Timings:11 am to 4 pm.
Langtang National Park
Highlights: With forests of pine and bamboo trees, this park captures attention instantly. It ascends through the pastures at the alpine meadows and it is right here where you will find outstanding mountain views. The flora and fauna of this place is just incredible, one of the reasons why it is perfect for hiking and camping trips. Langtang national park is also known as a great trekking place in Kathmandu. The place has decent tea houses and quite friendly locals who can help you through the course of your journey.
Location:Close to Kathmandu.
Timings:Open at all times.
Reach the Himalaya's top with these popular places for trekking in Nepal.
Visit Boudhanath (Stupa)
The place has seen many traders and travellers offering prayers to their lord here, as the Stupa is considered to be the tomb of the remains of Kassapa Buddha. With a lot of legends attached to the place, it is one of the best places to visit in Nepal and easily deserves to be called so.
With a lot of temples in the area, the most famous being the Mayadevi Temple, the spiritual degree and the air of serenity is something that attracts a large number of people every year. It is a must visit place to visit in Kathmandu.
Location- Rupandehi District
Shivapuri Nagarjun National Park
Highlights: The national park was established in 2002 and it is a famous tourist place near Kathmandu. A number of herbs prosper in the place, while the overall park has broadleaf forests. The place comes alive with animals like Jungle Cats and Indian Leopard, Yellow Throated Marter, Himalayan Black Bear, Hanuman Langur, clouded leopard, leopard cat, barking deer and wild boar among other animals. Ornithologists have recorded over 318 species of birds at the place, including barred cuckoo dove, Eurasian eagle owl and golden-throated barbet.
Location: Shivapuri National Park, Nepal.
Timings:Open at all times, but entry times differ.
Prices: Rs 300
Check out the best adventure tours to take in Nepal for the ultimate fun & thrill.
Highlights: There are 12 Jyotirlinga in India and the one in Nepal is the head over this body. The temple has 275 holy abodes of Shiva as well. Temple architecture is quite intriguing as it is built in Nepalese pagoda style of architecture. The wooden rafters are carved to perfection whereas the overall foundation is like cubic constructions. The sacro sanctum here is that of s stone Mukhalinga, or a linga with a face.
Timings:Open 24 hours.
Visit Garden of Dreams
Highlights:Some of the main highlights of this place includes marble inscription from Omar Khayam’s Rubaiyat, beautiful fountains and ponds. The palace is home to a quirky ‘hidden garden’ as well. It also features three pavilions. The place is ideal for going out for a picnic or just to marvel at the human-nature interaction. The place is a must visit for travelers.
Timings:Open from 9 am to 10 pm. Last entry is at 9 pm.
Price: Rs 120 depending on adults or children.
Visit Hanuman Dhoka Temple
The statue itself dates back to 1672. The door is the entrance to the complex of Palace inside and is also the entryway to the Nasal Chok, Mul Chok, Mohan Chok and the Tribhuvan Museum, which exhibits the royal belongings of King Tribhuvan.
Visit Chhauni Museum
Highlights:In the museum compound, you will find Judda Art Gallery, which is home to exquisite metal, terracotta and stone statues of Nepali deities. There are fabulous cloth paintings here as well. The place has a life sized statue of Jayavarma as well. The statue, discovered in 1992 is over 1800 years old. This museum includes temple styled Buddhist Art Gallery as well. The place has everything from manuscripts to informative displays and stone depiction of Buddha to offer. This place is home to leather cannons as well, seized during the 1792 Nepal-Tibet War.
Location: Tahachal, Kathmandu.
Timings:10:30 am to 4:30 pm.
Price: Rs 300
Highlights: If you are heading for a trek or wish to explore the place to the fullest, then make sure that you visit the temple. The temple has a self-serve tika dispenser as well, with the rejuvenating ringing of bells that will leave you de-stressed. It is believed that visiting this place will ensure safety on a forthcoming journey.
Timings:The place is open from morning till evening. Timings change, depending on the weather.
Highlights: The highlights of this place is how it can help you transcend into a bygone era. Apart from the temples and the medieval architectures, the place is known for its historic story, wherein when Prithvi Narayan Shah stormed into the valley in 1768 and won the town, he ordered that nose and lips be cut off every male in the town. Only those who could play wind instruments were left with their nose and lips. The town, which was shaken by the earthquake has largely been restored. The place offers multiple panoramas of some beautiful mountains across the country which makes it a favoured tourist place in Kathmandu.
Location: Kirtipur, Kathmandu District.
Timings:Open all day.
Must check these popular places for trekking in Kathmandu to see the Himalayas closely!
Royal Botanical Gardens
Highlights:One of the main highlights of this place is the visitor center, where you can experience an enormous variety of Nepal’s flora. The place includes cactus house, orchid house and a tropical house as well. In the middle of the center is the coronation pond, with a pillar. Add the Botanical Garden in the list of places to visit in Kathmandu, if you want to enjoy the beautiful nature in Nepal.
Location: Godavari, Kathmandu.
Highlights:Once upon a time, the temple was known for its magnificent carvings and divine inhabitants. Today it is mostly famous for being the house of a living goddess. Here, tourists will find wood-carved relics of gods and the symbols in Nepal and they can discover the place through a courtyard. Photos are strictly prohibited and it is forbidden to photograph the Kumari or the goddess. The living goddess does appear on the first floor windows often. But that happens in the morning or late afternoons. Kumari is a young girl and it is believed that in her expressions, she can answer the queries of devotees.
Timings:From mornings to evening.
Price:Entry is free, however you will have to pay handlers to get an actual glimpse.
Pilgrims Book House
Highlights:The bookstore is a part of a book publishing company by the same name. This company is actually located in Varanasi. The book house itself has several books on religion and other topics. These saved books are mostly available on discount, with cheaper price options throughout the day. the place is a great place to visit in Kathmandu for readers and travelers. the place of Some of the popular books available here includes Mount Everest, Nepal Himalaya, A message from Arunachala and Sadhus of India.
Location: Kathmandu, Nepal.
Timings: Open from morning till night. Timings change during different seasons.
Price: Entry is free. However, you will be charged for buying books from the store.
It is set in a hidden courtyard, surrounded by smaller stupas, engravings and statutes. Although well maintained and intact, this UNESCO World Heritage Site witnessed minor damages in the 2015 earthquake.
Highlights: In the northwestern corner of the courtyard there’s a beautiful pagoda dedicated to Hariti, the goddess of smallpox whereas the northeast corner is adorned with the Drubgon Jangchup Choeling Monastery.
Location: Kathmandu, Nepal.
Timings: The complex is opened for public access the entire day throughout the week.
Price: There is no admission charges for entry into the stupa complex.
Chitwan National Park
Highlights:It is well known for its one horned rhinos, leopards, tigers, elephants, sloth bears and over 540 species of birds. Stay in one the luxury lodges located outside the national park’s boundaries for experiencing the Chitwan National Park at its best.
Price:Park entry/person –USD 22 (foreigners), USD 15 (SAARC nationals) and USD 1 (Nepalese); Government elephant safari cost/person – USD 40 (foreigners), USD 15 (SAARC nationals) and USD 3(Nepalese).
From time immemorial, this city lay on the trade route between Tibet and India. Nyatapola Temple, Bhairab Nath Temple, Dattatraya Temple, Changu Narayan, Layaku (Durbar Square), Ta Pukhu (Siddha Pokhari) and Kailashnath Mahadev Statue are some of the major attractions here.
Highlights:The city is also famous for its Ju Ju dhau, a special type of curs, which is believed to have a unique taste that cannot be found nowhere else in Nepal. Popular mask dances centered around the lives of different deities are performed here.
Location: Bhaktapur District, Nepal.
However, in the late 1950’s Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche, one of the great luminaries of Tibetan Buddhism in the 20thcentury, started transplanting its rich tradition to a new home i.e. Shechen Tennyi Dargyeling Monastery located near the great Stupa of Bodhnath, in the Kathmandu Valley. The monastery is a fine example of Tibetan art, which took almost 10 years to complete. Frescoes covering the walls of the temple depict the great history of Tibetan Buddhism.
Highlights:This monastery serves as a school and residence to over 400 monks.
Timings:Everyday 24 hours open.
Highlights: The monastery has been detailed extensively in terms of its architecture, inspired by the Buddhist styles and structure. It is also a major sect of Vahrayana Buddhism and provides teachings about the religion. At the moment, there are three teachers who work at the elementary and training school, teaching rites and rituals to the next generation.
Besides religious education, the place is known for basic and advanced courses as well. It even provides children with medical expenses, free food and clothing. The same is offered to all the monks residing here.
Location: Kapan, Nepal.
Timings: Open for tourists from morning to evening.
Price: Entry is free for travellers.
Highlights:The monastery is still looking for the reincarnation of Lama Yeshe. However, the young Spanish boy, who was declared to be reincarnated Lama no longer resides at the Kopan Monastery. In fact, he renounced his vows and now works in Ibiza as a cinematographer. But that’s not what’s intriguing about the monastery. The place is best known for its books on Buddhist psychology and philosophy. Kopan is a pleasant walk from Bodhnath and Gokarna Mahadev Temple.
Location: Kopan Monastery, Nepal.
Timings:Open for tourists from morning to evening.
The commercial location is an easy walk from central Kathmandu and there are a number of activities that you can enjoy at this place.all its attractions makes it a place to visit in Kathmandu you cannot miss during your trip.
Highlights: The streets are quite fascinating at Thamel. But be cautious of sellers who might want to rip you off. Otherwise, the place is good for buying anything from Tibetan Singing Bowls to Glass Pipes. Just remember to bargain a little as the prices can come down to 2/3rdof the quoted prices.
Here, you can also enjoy shopping incense sticks, Kukri swords, outdoor outfits and books. Over a hundred different eateries are located at this market. So, eat whatever cuisine you wish to try.
Location: Thamel, Kathmandu.
Timings: From morning till night.
Price: Entry is free.
Highlights: The White Monastery gives heavenly pleasure and provides bird eye’s view of the Kathmandu Valley. One of the main highlights of this monastery is its white colour as well as the serenity and calmness that it has to offer. The monastery has several murals, statues and paintings that can provide in-depth information about Buddhism. The place is on off-beaten track but located close to the Swoyambhunath Stupa.
Timings: The place is open from morning to evening only on Saturdays.
Price: The usual price is USD 1.
Highlights: Streets at Asan converge in a square, which makes it a perpetual, bustling region. The colours here are vivid and bright, which makes it more enticing for the travellers. A variety of merchandise and diverse range of products are sold at this place, which makes it more exciting for travellers.
Here, you can buy anything from spices to textiles, bullions, electronics and food items. The market is home to several architectural sights as well.
Timings:Open from morning to evening.
Price:Entry is free. But you will have to pay for buying items.
Highlights: The Mountain is a bed of wild roses, along with iris, yellow jasmine and several native flowers. Exploring it is fun and enchanting because of the grove of rhododendrons in various hues. The path or the trail towards the summit includes keeping able roads. The route takes you through the Buddhist shrine as well.
If you have tried trekking or love hiking, then this is your place to visit in Kathmandu trip- it shouldn’t take more than four hours. The area is well known for its resorts as well. If you are looking for something peaceful or if you are searching for a short, easy day hike, then this is the place that should be listed in your itinerary.
Location: Ryale, Nepal.
Highlights: One of the leading casinos in the area, the place has a number of tables where you can enjoy gambling, card games and other plays. If you stay here long enough, you may even get the opportunity to enjoy sumptuous dinner buffets. Frequented by tourists and locals alike, the casino is an ideal place for a conversation or for socializing. Oh! And don’t forget to try slot machines.
Location: Located in Kathmandu.
Timings: Open from morning till late night.
Prices: Entry is free, but you have to pay for playing games.
Highlights: The name actually comes from mythology, where it is believed that a Buddhist mythical character Manjushree had cut the hill to drain the water of this lake, which is why the lake is now smaller than it used to be. However, due to the draining of lake, countless nagas, mythological creatures who were half snakes and half humans were left homeless.
And therefore, an underwater lake or Taudaha was built, where serpent king and the subjects lived. That’s why the lake is considered tranquil. This lake is perfect for birdwatchers, as a number of migratory species visit the place.
Location: Kathmandu District, Kirtipur.
Famed as the only metropolis of the Himalayan region, this place is visited by quite a lot of travellers. This is not only the largest city of Nepal but also one of the serene sites. Places like the Swayambhunath Stupa, Hanuman Dhoka Square, and several others mark the tourism count of the city. To make the best of your holidays here, you must not miss out on the Kathmandu sightseeing packages, as they cover most of the destinations. With places like Hanuman Dhoka Square, you can take a deep look into the history of the place and if you are more into the tranquil setting then it boasts with a remarkable range of peaceful temples.
About the Full Day Sightseeing in Kathmandu:
With this tour of sightseeing in Kathmandu, you can explore the serene sites of the city. On this 8 hours tour, you can begin the day early at 8:30 and places like the Swayambhunath Stupa, Pashupatinath, Boudhnath, and Kathmandu durbar square. This tour takes you to the tranquil side of the city and promises you everlasting memories. The package is ideal to let you experience some splendid moments with your loved ones and friends.
The Full Day Sightseeing in Kathmandu is inclusive of an experienced and professional guide cum driver who would assist you throughout the journey. Besides, you shall be able to learn about the various spots and understand the significance with the help of an informative conversation with the guide. The package also includes parking charges so as to minimize all such hassles.
Note: The maximum number of persons required to book this Full Day Sightseeing in Kathmandu is 4.
About the Kathmandu Tour:- Get a glimpse of the beautiful culture and heritage of Kathmandu with a day tour in this gorgeous city. Filled with some of the most amazing temples and shrines accompanied by a professional guide, Kathmandu is a wonderful town that leaves every tourist surprised.
- The tour begins with the assembly of the group at 8:30 am at Electric Pagoda Cafe to start exploring the fascinating places which makes Kathmandu heritage tour an unmissable item on any tourist’s Nepal itinerary. There are some of the oldest Buddhist temples that boast about their interesting history and architecture.
- With so many religious and spiritual places the activity allows you to see a range of prominent tourist places like Durbar Square, Monkey Temple, Swayambunath Stupa etc.
- After seeing all these places, the tour ends at 1:30 pm at the meetup point. Kathmandu Tour is a unique way to know more about this city and getting an insider’s idea about the famous places in the city. Offering you to see so many tourist landmarks, this tour is a nice way to indulge your time when in Kathmandu and enjoy a great day with friends and family.
About the places:
The day trip is a fascinating way to get a glimpse of two UNESCO world heritage sites in Kathmandu along with an exciting group.
Durbar Square: once the seat of ancient rulers of the kingdom in Nepal. This place boasts of having a number of temples, shrines and stupas that will take your breath away.
Swayambunath Temple: one of the most famous shrines in Nepal and attracts a lot of visitors. Also called the Monkey Temple, this place offers an exciting getaway as the tourists have to navigate their way through a monkey populated forest.
Boudhanath: One also gets to see the largest stupa in Nepal, the Boudhanath.
Replete with some rich ancient history, Kathmandu heritage tour is a splendid way to bask in the cultural richness of Nepal.
- Enroll for this 4 days/ 3 nights tour of Kathmandu in Nepal with your friends or family for an escapade from your humdrum routine life.
- You will get ample time to visit the favourite tourist attractions of Kathmandu which hold ancient culture and traditions in a sacred manner still.
- During the tour you will visit Pashuaptinath temple, and Sleeping Vishnu in Bhudanilkanth temple.
- Also visit Swayambhunath temple and Kathamandu Durbar square, a World Heritage Site.
- The package includes food, accommodation and transportation during the trip inclusive of airport transfers.
- Enthrall in this 7 hours cultural tour in Kathmandu that provides a close glimpse of Nepal and showcases the rich cultural history of the Nepalese people.
- Start your tour after getting picked up from your hotel in a private vehicle at around 9:00 AM.
- Visit the Kathmandu Durbar Square, Pashupatinath, Bauddhanath and Swayambhunath temples that hold both religious and cultural importance to the Nepalese people.
- Admire the Nepalese art and architecture showcased at the Kathmandu
- Delight in a delicious lunch in between your tour.
- Marvel at the sights of the Swayambhunath Temple which is a mix of both Hindu and Buddhist shrines and stupas popularly known as the Monkey Temple.
- Visit the Pashupatinath Temple on the banks of river Bagmati and the Bauddhanath Stupa with its spectacular art and architecture built on the ancient trade route.
- Conclude your tour at around 4:00 PM after getting dropped back to your hotel.