The state of Uttaranchal is primarily divided into 2 regions namely the Kumaon and Garhwal. The Garhwal region consists of 7 districts namely chamoli, uttarkashi, pauri, dehradun, rudraprayag, haridwar and tehri garhwal.
The Garhwal region is a treasure trove for nature and art lovers. The lush green landscape surrounded by picturesque mountains is a treat to the eyes and this makes it one of the most popular tourist destinations in India. The people of Garhwal are called Garhwalis and they are renowned for their traditional songs and dances which are mostly dedicated to Gods.
The present community is a mixture of indigenous settlers and immigrants from different parts of the country. They speak the Garhwali language which owes its origin to the Indo Aryan language. The language uses the Devanagari script and has several dialects spoken by people in different parts of Uttarakhand. Very often the people of Garhwal are called Paharis. They consist of Rajputs, Brahmins and Tribals.
The tribals of Garhwal are settled in the upper regions of the Garhwal district and are of Mongoloid origin. These people live a nomadic or semi-nomadic life and rely on animal husbandry or small time business for their livelihoods. One such tribe of Garhwal is the Jaunsari tribe of the Jaunsar Bawar.
The Rajputs of the Garhwal region are believed to be of Aryan origin. These people went on to settle in the mountainous region of Garhwal during the Mughal invasion. They practised agriculture for a long time but are now engaged in all kinds of professions.
The nearest airport is the Jolly Grant airport in Dehradun, which is about 155 km from Pauri Garhwal. The only railway station in the district is the Kotdwara.