Valley of Flowers Trek as the name suggests, is dotted with stretches of colourful flowers.
It is located at an altitude of 3,600 m above the sea level and is bounded by snow clad mountains. Recognised as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO, the valley is located at the transition point of Zanskar and Himalayan Treks and Eastern and Western Himalayas.
Hundreds of beautiful flowers bloom in vivid colours in this captivating valley during summer. There are around 300 species of flora, and the valley also supports a large number of rare and endangered flower species and also some of the threatened medicinal plants. Its said that the floral composition of the valley keeps changing every few days.
The Valley of Flowers remains in blooms for almost three months. Anemones, geraniums, marsh marigolds, primulas, asters, inulas, Brahma kamal, pedicularis, thermopsis, trollius, straw-berry, epilbium, and rhododendrons make this valley an enchantress that is beautifully decked to cast a spell on you.
You may also come across many butterflies. En route, if you are lucky, you may be able to spot the musk deer, blue sheep (bharal), Himalayan bear, Himalayan mouse hare, and snow leopard. The Valley of Flowers trek is also a paradise for avid bird watchers.
Meadows of wild flowers are interspersed with waterfalls, springs, rocky boulders, and more. For trekkers, the base camp is at Ghangaria, from here the trek is 3 km uphill. Its a moderate level trek, and the trail is well-defined.
You ascend through coniferous forest, and then a down-hill trek leads you to a bridge and the check-post, which is the beginning of the Valley of Flowers trek. A rock trails leads you to the exquisite valley covered in colourful flowers.