Sambhar Lake is a saline wetland and it attracts thousands of migratory birds during winter, especially the flamingos.
Sambhar Lakes water depths vary depending upon the season. During summer time, its just 60 cm, and after the monsoon season to is around 3 m. Algae and bacteria grow in the lake that supports the unique lake ecology, including the spirulina algae that lure the flamingos to the wetland. Around 45 species of aquatic birds including ducks, geese and shorebirds have been recorded.
Flora: Green alga, Dunaliella salina, common in salt water lakes is found.
Avian-Fauna: Flamingoes, Northern shoveller and blackheaded gull, ducks, geese, and more.
Flamingo: Sambhar is one of the important habitats for the tall and elegant flamingos in India. One can spot both Phoniconaias minor and Phoenicopterus roseus during winter. One can also spot a number of pelicans here.
Exact Location: It is located in Nagaur and Jaipur districts and also borders the Ajmer district of Rajasthan.
Area: 190 sq. km
Route: From Jaipur, the national Highway (NH) 8 goes to Dudu, and from there north to Sambhar. Also, one can take the NH 8 to Malhan and then ask for Phulera, which is just short of Sambhar. Regular buses ply between Jaipur and Sambhar.
Best Time to Visit: October to march
Things to keep in mind
- Binoculars is a must to spot the birds.
Other Attractions in the Vicinity
Naliasar: This ancient town is located 6 km from Sambhar. Here, ruins of several buildings have been found. Also, archaeologists have discovered ancient coins, pottery, terracotta, shell objects and more.
Jaipur: The capital of Rajasthan Jaipur is known as the Pink City. Its one of the popular tourist destinations of India. Sambhar Salt Lake is located nearly 60 km from here. Major attractions of this place are Hawa Mahal, the City Palace, Jantar Mantar, Amber Fort. Other places to visit in Jaipur are Jaigarh Fort, Nahargarh Fort, Govind Deoji Mandir, Rambagh Palace, Kanak Valley and Laxmi Naryan Temple, and more.