Kallahathigiri, the highest peak (1875 m) of the sanctuary, towers over the whole area. The perennial river Bhadra slithers through the terrains, and thus the name of the sanctuary.
The forests types are southern dry, mixed deciduous forests, southern moist, mixed deciduous forests and western sub tropical hill forests. The eastern part of the sanctuary is dominated by evergreen shoal forests. The vegetation is predominantly of dry deciduous scrub forests.
Over 120 tree species grow in the sanctuary, including species having medicinal properties. The sanctuary is recognized as an Important Bird Area. It plays host to around 100 species of birds. The reserve is a favourite haunt for gaur (Indian bison), according to a report, around 1,000 bison are residing in the sanctuary. There is also considerable elephant population. Bhadra is known for its Tigers. According to 1997 census, there are around 33 tigers roaming in its wilderness.
Flora: Teak, rosewood, mathi, honne, nandi, tadasalu and kindal, medicinal plants, bamboo.
Fauna: Tiger, leopard, wild dog, jackal, elephant, gaur, sloth bear, sambar, and spotted dear, barking deer, mouse deer, wild boar, common langur, bonnet macaque, slender loris and the malabar giant squirrel.
Some of the reptiles commonly sighted in this park are common vine snake, king cobra, common cobra, Russells viper, bamboo pit viper, rat snake, olive keelback, common wolf snake , common Indian monitor, draco or gliding lizards and marsh crocodiles.
Avian-Fauna: The grey junglefowl, red spurfowl, painted bush quail, emerald dove, southern green imperial pigeon, great black woodpecker, malabar parakeet and hill myna, the ruby-throated bulbul, shama, malabar whistling thrush, four species of hornbill, racquet-tailed drongo.
Butterflies: yam flies, baronets, crimson roses, southern bird wings, tailed jays, great orange tips, bamboo tree browns, and blue pansies.
Tiger, Bisons, Elephants: Bhadra is known for its substantial tiger population. This Indian Wildlife sanctuary is part of Project Tiger. Its also a favourite haunt for Bisons and Elephants. One can spot the elephants roaming in herds.
Jagara Giant: Its a big teak tree with a girth of 5.21 m. Its said to be a 300 year old tree.
How to Reach: Bangalore - Hassan - Chikmagalur - Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary
From Bangalore, you can board a direct bus going to Chikmagalur. There are plenty of buses that ply between Chikmagalur and Muthodi, which is the headquarters of the sanctuary. Sanctuary is 33 km from Chikmagalur. Safari vehicles belonging to the forest Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary is a well-known Project Tiger reserve. In the year 1951, it was declared a Jagara Valley Game Reserve by the erstwhile Government of Mysore. However, after a census of the animals in the surrounding area, it was established as the Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary in 1974, and in the year 1998, it became the 25th Project Tiger reserve of Indiadepartment take visitors into the forest.
Mangalore (180 km) and Bangalore (265 km) are the two nearest cities that have the airport. The nearest railway station is in Kadur (40 km).
Exact Location: Bhadra Wildlife Sanctuary is situated 38+ km northwest of Chikmagalur town in Karnataka state. The sanctuary is spread across two districts of Chikmagalur and Shimoga.
Nearest Town: Chikmagalur
Distance from Bangalore: 287
Best Time to Visit: March to July and September to October.
Image Source: Enygmatic, Subharnab, Thememorykeeper, Sanjaysai