Brahmagiri Wildlife Sanctuary was established in 1974. It is bounded by coffee and cardamom plantations.Nagarhole National Park lies on the north western edge of the sanctuary, while the state of Kerala lies on the southern boundary. Brahmagiri peak lies on the south-eastern boundary.
The vegetation in the low-lying areas is predominantly evergreen and semi-evergreen (mainly of Bambusa species) forests, while shola grasslands cover the higher altitudes. The undulating terrain is dotted with several steep valleys and hillocks, and in this sanctuary, eight rivers and streams originate.
Sanctuary consists of two reserve forests area—Brahmagiri and Urty. River Borapole dances through the sanctuary, dividing it into these two reserves.
Including four species of primates, other species of fauna have made this sanctuary their dwelling place. It’s also home to around 240 species of birds.
Flora: Anogeissus latifolia, schleichera oleosa, terminalia tomentosa, terminalia arjuna, grewia tilaefolia, santalum album, shorea talura, emblica officinalis, vitex altissima, wrightia tinctoria, randia sp., zizphus sp. and albizzia sp. Bamboos are common in the park, the dominant species being dendrocalamus strictus. There are also eucalyptus, bauhinia purpurea, samanea saman and peltophorum pterocarpum.
Fauna: Elephant, gaur, tiger, jungle cat, leopard cat, wild dog, sloth bear, wild pig, sambar, spotted deer, lion-tailed macaque, nilgiri langur, slender loris, bonnetmacaque, common langur, barking deer, mouse deer, malabar giant squirrel, giant flying squirrel, nilgiri marten, common otter, brown mongoose, civets, porcupine and pangolin.
Reptiles found in the area are python, cobra and king cobra are some of the snakes.
Avian-Fauna: Emerald dove, black bulbul and malabar trogon, and more.
Brahmagiri peak: The peak, standing tall at a height of 608 m, towers over the sanctuary, and is a major tourist attraction, and is also quite popular among the trekkers. Locals say that at the hill top, seven great sages meditated. The hill is abundant in all kinds of rare flora and fauna.
Wildlife: Brahmagiri Wildlife Sanctuary is home to several rare and endangered species of both flora and fauna.
Other Places to Visit:
Nagarhole National Park: Nagarahole National Park, now renamed Rajiv Gandhi National Park, is surrounded by shallow valleys and gentle slopes on all sides. Declared a national park in 1974, Nagarahole National Park is said to be the best habitat for Asian elephants. Kabini River separates Nagarhole from Bandipur National Park.
Coorg: Coorg is called the Scotland of India and is immensely blessed with natural beauty. A major tourist destination, it’s a haven for people passionate about trekking. This hill station offers spell-binding view of hills covered with carpet of green, verdant valleys, undulating paddy fields, densely forested hill slopes, pristine waterfalls.
Location: Brahmagiri Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the Kodagu (Coorg) district of Karnataka.
Area: 181 sq. km
Route: One can travel to Brahmagiri by rail or by road from Bangalore to Mysore (140 km), then by road to Hunsur (45 km), Gonikoppa (40 km), and to the Sanctuary (18 km). Alternate route: one can travel by road from Mangalore to Madikeri (105 km), then to Virarajendrapet (30 km), and reach the Sanctuary (7 km).