(Last Updated On: February 8, 2018)


The definition of Adventure Tourism would vary according to different types of people. The term can confuse most people, but the best possible definition states that it involves some type of outdoor activities around the natural environment with the outcome of the activity remaining unknown.

Adventure Tourism and Its History

Even though it is not certain how adventure tourism began, merchants are considered to be the first adventure travellers. For example, North America was discovered by Erickson, and America by Columbus and India was found by Vasco Da Gama. That was during a time when modernization didn’t become a regular part of your lives.

Adventure travelling of today is considered to have started around 30 years ago when people from around the world begin exploration of the Himalayan ranges in Nepal. In fact, they were nothing more than wanderers and created the new-age form of adventure travelling. They explored Afghanistan, Bhutan, Bali, Algeria, the Nile and the Alps.

Even though others have had been moving around the world, people in India took to adventure travelling in recent times.While there was a steady rise in this form of travelling, India has now emerged amongst the leading 10 adventure tourism destinations in the world.

Current Scenario

The tourism industry in India has emerged as the largest sector in the service industry as it contributes over 6.2% of its GDP. In addition, it provides jobs to more than 8.7% of the employed people in the country. Every year, the number of tourists making to India grows by over 5 million. In addition to the foreign visitors, there are more than 525 million local tourists in the country.

The overall size of the Indian tourism industry is around $100 billion and it is expected that it would grow to over $275 billion in the next decade. The Ministry of Tourism can be credited for this huge success rate because it is aggressively engaged in promoting the industry. It was in order to promote tourism in the country that the Incredible India program was started. The main tagline of this program, “Atithi Devo Bhava” compares guests to God.

However, the tourism industry in India is not as beautiful as it may appear on the top. The insufficient number of available hotel rooms pushes India behind several other countries. It was only a year ago when the country had around 25,000 hotel rooms for its tourists.

The next reason for tourism to fall behind is with regard to the complex process of getting a visa into the country. Because the airports in the country are crowded, it is not taken well by foreign visitors. However, it is still expected that the tourism industry is going to grow in the near future.

The current year witness dramatic drop in global tourism in different parts of the world. Contrary to the trend, the Indian travel and tourism industry continues to flourish against all odds. The two main reasons attributed to this end are the exemption of the industry from service tax and the discontinuation of the fringe benefits tax.

This further led to the development of deluxe unrestrained tourism destinations such as the Backwaters of Kerala and the Golden Triangle Tours that became more affordable for tourists from different parts of the world. It has become such a popular tourist destination that the British have voted it as among the top 10 tourism destinations of the world.

The tourists coming to India are thrilled by what they come across here. There is hardly any other country on the planet that is as varied in terms of culture, geography and weather conditions. The moment a tourist gets out of a sophisticated Indian airport, he/she would experience crowded streets, buzzing with horns, cows moving around freely and much more. Interestingly, it is this contrasting effect that is so much cherished by the tourist coming to this country.

The people are supporting, the culture is full of colours, there are millions of religious places, rivers, plains, mountains and the ancient tradition of yoga. All combine together to make India one enchanting tourism destination. The leading adventurous activities available in India include:

Camel Safari

A Camel Safari in the Thar Desert is one of the most famous adventure holiday activities in Asia. A safari would give you the chance to explore camel treks, including the ones that pass across the sand dunes in Jaisalmer.


Mountaineering is highly popular in India because of its Himalayan ranges, the highest mountain range in the world. The Himalayas offer ideal locations for rappelling and rock climbing, and the valleys and gorges are thrilling and offer higher levels of challenges. Those who want to enjoy mountaineering would also like to explore new activities like Jeep Safaris and biking trips at higher altitudes.

Scuba Diving

India has an extremely long coastline that has helped scuba diving to become a highly sought after adventure sport. The waters of Goa, Lakshadweep and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands make the perfect place for scuba diving and snorkelling.

Elephant Safari

India is home to the Asian tiger and elephant. There are a large number of tiger reserves and national parks that make elephant safari a leading adventure activity in the country.

You can enjoy this adventure in the Amber Fort in Jaipur and watch tigers from the safe height of sitting on elephant back.

River Rafting Adventure

The large rivers of the country including the Brahmaputra, Ganges, Yamuna and the Kali have aggressive rapids that help tourists to enjoy thrilling river rafting experiences. For an adventure lover, India offers you everything to help you quench your thirst for adventure.


The abundance of mountains and snow during the winters means that skiing has become one of the most thrilling adventure sport pursued by people of all ages. There are many skiing destinations in India including Alchi.